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{{men infobox
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{{quote|Fela bið on [[West]]wegum [[Men|werum]] uncúðra,<br>wundra and wihta, wlitescéne land,<br>eardgeard [[Elves|ælfa]] and [[Valar|ésa]] bliss.<br>Lýt ǽnig wát hwylc his langoð síe<br>þám þe eftsíðes eldo getwǽfeð.|Þus cwæð Ælfwine Wídlást [[Éadwine]]s sunu<ref>{{HM|LR}}, p. 44</ref>}}
| name=Ælfwine
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[[File:Henning Janssen - Awaiting Ælfwine.jpg|thumb|''Awaiting Ælfwine'' by [[Henning Janssen]]]]
| image=[[File:Henning Janssen - Awaiting Ælfwine.jpg|250px]]
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'''Ælfwine''', also known as Wídlást ('Fartravelled') and called by the [[Elves]] '''[[Eriol]]''', was the first [[Men|Man]] to find the [[Straight Road]] and visit [[Tol Eressëa]] after many millennia.
| caption="Awaiting Ælfwine" by [[Henning Janssen]]
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| pronun=
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| othernames=[[Eriol]]
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| titles=
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| position=Sailor, minstrel
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| location=[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England England]; [[Tol Eressëa]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Old English]]; [[Welsh]]; [[Quenya]] or [[Sindarin]]
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| birth=[[869 AD]]
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| birthlocation=[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England England]
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| rule=
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| death=
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| deathlocation=
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| age=
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| notablefor=being the first person in millennia to find the [[Straight Road]]
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| house=
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| parentage=[[Éadwine]]</br>descendant of [[Eärendil]]
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| siblings=
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| spouse=
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| children=
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| gender=Male
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| height=Tall
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| hair=
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}}
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{{quote|Fela bið on Westwegum [[Men|werum]] uncúðra,<br>wundra and wihta, wlitescéne land,<br>eardgeard [[Elves|ælfa]] and [[Valar|ésa]] bliss.<br>Lýt ǽnig wát hwylc his langoð síe<br>þám þe eftsíðes eldo getwǽfeð.|Þus cwæð Ælfwine Wídlást [[Éadwine]]s sunu<ref>{{HM|LR}}, p. 44</ref>}}
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'''Ælfwine''' ('Elf-friend'), also known as Wídlást ('Fartravelled') and called by the [[Elves]] '''[[Eriol]]''', was the first [[Men|Man]] to find the [[Straight Road]] and visit [[Tol Eressëa]] after many millennia.
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==History==
 
==History==
Ælfwine son of [[Éadwine]] son of [[Óswine]] was born an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Saxons Anglo-Saxon] around [[869 AD]], living in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Britain Britain] during the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10th_century 10th century]. When Ælfwine was nine years old, his father sailed off with his ship [[Éarendel]] and never returned.<ref> J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), [[Sauron Defeated]], "The Notion Club Papers, The Notion Club Papers Part Two"</ref>
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Ælfwine son of [[Éadwine]], son of [[Óswine]] was born around 869 AD. An Anglo-Saxon, living in Britain during the 10th century. When Ælfwine was nine years old, his father sailed off with his ship Éarendel and never returned.  
  
Because of the attacks of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danes Danes], his mother fled with him from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somerset Somerset], where they lived, to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Wales West Wales], where she had her kindred.
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Because of the attacks of the Danes, his mother fled with him from Somerset, where they lived, to the West Wales, where she had her kindred.
  
He was a long way descendant of [[Eärendil]], and had, like all of Eärendil's descendants, sea-longing in his blood.<ref>{{LT2|VI}}</ref> He was a sailor and a minstrel.  
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He was a long way descendant of [[Eärendil]], and had, like all of Eärendil's descendants, sea-longing in his blood.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part Two]]'', "[[The History of Eriol or Ælfwine]]"</ref> He was a sailor and a minstrel.  
  
Having grown up to full manhood and learned the [[Welsh|Welsh language]] and much sea-craft he returned to Somerset to serve the King [[Éadweard]]'s [[thain#Etymology|thegn]] [[Odda]] in the wars. In the service of Odda he sailed and visited both [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales Wales] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland Ireland] many times. On his journeys he always sought tales of the sea, and thus came to hear the Irish legends of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A1el_D%C3%BAin Maelduin] and [[Saint Brendan]], who both set out to sea, and came to "many islands in succession, where they encountered marvel upon marvel".<ref>{{HM|LR}}</ref> He heard also of a great land in the west which had been cast down. The survivors of the disaster had settled on Ireland and dwindled there; and the successors of these men all had the sea-longing in their blood, so that many sailed off west and never returned. Ælfwine thought he might be one of these descendants.
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Having grown up to full manhood and learned the [[Welsh|Welsh language]] and much sea-craft he returned to Somerset to serve the King [[Eadweard]]'s [[thain#Etymology|thegn]] [[Odda]] in the wars. In the service of Odda he sailed and visited both Wales and Ireland many times. On his journeys he always sought tales of the sea, and thus came to hear the Irish legends of Maelduin and [[Saint Brendan]], who both set out to sea, and came to "many islands in succession, where they encountered marvel upon marvel".<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]''</ref> He heard also of a great land in the west which had been cast down. The survivors of the disaster had settled on Ireland and dwindled there; and the successors of these men all had the sea-longing in their blood, so that many sailed off west and never returned. Ælfwine thought he might be one of these descendants.
  
Around the year [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/915 915], in autumn, the Danes attacked [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porlock Porlock]. They were at first driven off and Ælfwine's company managed to capture a Danish [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knarr cnearr] at night. At dawn Ælfwine told to his closest friend, [[Tréowine]], he intended to sail off westward, perhaps to the country of the legendary king [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sceafa Sheaf]. Tréowine agreed to accompany him at least as far as to Ireland. They got two other companions: [[Ceola]] of Somerset and [[Geraint]] of West Wales.
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Around the year 915, in autumn, the Danes attacked Porlock. They were at first driven off and Ælfwine's company managed to capture a Danish "cnearr" at night. At dawn Ælfwine told to his closest friend, [[Tréowine]], he intended to sail off westward, perhaps to the country of the legendary king Sheaf. Tréowine agreed to accompany him at least as far as to Ireland. They got two other companions: [[Ceola]] of Somerset and [[Geraint]] of West Wales.
  
 
Many days after they passed Ireland the voyagers were exhausted. A "dreamlike death" seemed to come over them, and soon they passed out. The last that is known of the journey is that Tréowine saw the world plunge down under them, while sailing the [[Straight Road]].
 
Many days after they passed Ireland the voyagers were exhausted. A "dreamlike death" seemed to come over them, and soon they passed out. The last that is known of the journey is that Tréowine saw the world plunge down under them, while sailing the [[Straight Road]].
  
When Ælfwine woke up, he found himself lying on a beach of [[Tol Eressëa]] and a group of [[Elves]] pulling up his ship on the shore. He came to [[Tavrobel]], where lived [[Pengolodh]] who told him the [[Ainulindalë]],<ref>{{HM|MR}}</ref> and he was shown the ''[[Lammas]]'',<ref>{{LR|Lhammas}}</ref> the ''[[Quenta Silmarillion]]'', the [[Golden Book]],<ref>{{LR|Quenta}}</ref> the ''[[Narn i Chîn Húrin (tale)|Narn i Chîn Húrin]]'',<ref>{{WJ|Aelfwine}}</ref> and the [[The Annals of Aman|Annals of Aman]] and [[Annals of Beleriand|Beleriand]].  
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When Ælfwine woke up, he found himself lying on a beach of [[Tol Eressëa]] and a group of [[Elves]] pulling up his ship on the shore. He came to [[Tavrobel]], where lived [[Pengolodh]] who told him the [[Ainulindalë (chapter)|Ainulindalë]],<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]''</ref> and he was shown the ''[[Lammas]]'',<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', "[[Lhammas]]"</ref> the ''[[Quenta Silmarillion]]'', the [[Golden Book]],<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', "Quenta Silmarillion"</ref> the ''[[Narn i Chîn Húrin]]'',<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The War of the Jewels]]'', "[[Ælfwine and Dírhaval]]"</ref> and the [[The Annals of Aman|Annals of Aman]] and [[Annals of Beleriand|Beleriand]].  
  
 
Ælfwine learned much of this lore. When he returned to England, he translated the Silmarillion, the Annals and the ''Narn'' into Old English, giving explanations on the many names.
 
Ælfwine learned much of this lore. When he returned to England, he translated the Silmarillion, the Annals and the ''Narn'' into Old English, giving explanations on the many names.
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the Legendarium==
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Eriol has been a background figure in Tolkien's legendarium, being a [[Wikipedia:frame story|frame character]] to whom many texts are fictionally attributed. Ælfwine is a later version of a figure Tolkien first named as [[Ottor Wǽfre]] in ''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]''. Ælfwine/Eriol acquired lore from the Elves of Eressea, or translated existing Elvish works into [[Old English]] (a minor discrepancy is that whereas Ælfwine is described as hailing from the north-west of England, his texts are in the Mercian dialect, which was Tolkien's favourite).  
 
Eriol has been a background figure in Tolkien's legendarium, being a [[Wikipedia:frame story|frame character]] to whom many texts are fictionally attributed. Ælfwine is a later version of a figure Tolkien first named as [[Ottor Wǽfre]] in ''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]''. Ælfwine/Eriol acquired lore from the Elves of Eressea, or translated existing Elvish works into [[Old English]] (a minor discrepancy is that whereas Ælfwine is described as hailing from the north-west of England, his texts are in the Mercian dialect, which was Tolkien's favourite).  
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
The name Ælfwine simply means "[[Elf-friend]]", and is the [[Old English]] equivalent of [[Elendil]] and of course [[Elfwine]]. It is possibly intended as a cognate of [[Alboin]] and [[Alwin Lowdham|Alwin]].
 
The name Ælfwine simply means "[[Elf-friend]]", and is the [[Old English]] equivalent of [[Elendil]] and of course [[Elfwine]]. It is possibly intended as a cognate of [[Alboin]] and [[Alwin Lowdham|Alwin]].
 
==Genealogy==
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree| OSW | |OSW=[[Óswine]]</br><small>''fl. [[wikipedia:9th century|9th century]]''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | |}}
 
{{familytree| EAD | |EAD=[[Éadwine]]</br><small>''fl. [[wikipedia:9th century|9th century]]''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | |}}
 
{{familytree| AEL | |AEL='''ÆLFWINE'''</br><small>''b. c. [[869 AD]]''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Rúmil (elf of Tirion)|Rúmil]]
 
*[[Rúmil (elf of Tirion)|Rúmil]]
 
*[[Pengolodh]]
 
*[[Pengolodh]]
*[[Dírhaval]]
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*[[Dirhavel]]
 
*[[Findegil]]
 
*[[Findegil]]
*[[Alwin Arundel Lowdham]]
 
*[[Alboin|Alboin Errol]]
 
  
==External links==
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{{references}}
  
*''[http://www.forodrim.org/gobennas/chron_en.html The Chroniclers of Arda]'' by [[Måns Björkman]]
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==Links==
 
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*[[Måns Björkman]], ''[http://www.forodrim.org/gobennas/chron_en.html The Chroniclers of Arda]''
{{references}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Aelfwine}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
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[[Category:Chroniclers of Arda]]
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[[Category:Saxons]]
 
[[Category:Saxons]]
[[fi:Ælfwine]]
 

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