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'''''a''''' is [[Sindarin]] for "and" as well as "O!".<ref>[[Ruth S. Noel]], ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]''</ref>
'''''a''''' is [[Sindarin]] for "and"<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, (entry ''ar-'')</ref><ref name=L230/> as well as "[ O!]"<ref name=L230>{{L|230}}</ref>.
*[[Quenya]] ''[[ar]]''

Revision as of 18:09, 30 June 2011



a is Sindarin for "and"[1][2] as well as "O!"[2].



a is a Gnomish prefix, used to (1) cause an "initial consonant change; (2) form several adjectives and nouns.[3]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", (entry ar-)
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 230, (dated 8 June 1961)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 17