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A-affection

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The phenomenon is summarized as ''-iCa'' > ''-eC'': the final ''-a'' vowel caused the preceding ''i'' to slid into ''e''. Since all final vowels disappeared in mature Sindarin, final ''-a'' also disappeared, leaving as trace of its existence the preceding ''e''.
 
The phenomenon is summarized as ''-iCa'' > ''-eC'': the final ''-a'' vowel caused the preceding ''i'' to slid into ''e''. Since all final vowels disappeared in mature Sindarin, final ''-a'' also disappeared, leaving as trace of its existence the preceding ''e''.
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The phenomenon affected mostly adjectives ending in ''-ina'' resulting in the common Sindarin adjectival ending ''-e. Other endings which possibly show A-affection are ''[[-eth]], [[-eb]], [[-eg]]''
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
 
*[[OS]] ''[[rista]] > resta > [[rest]]''<ref>{{WJ|Quendi}} p.365</ref>
 
*[[OS]] ''[[rista]] > resta > [[rest]]''<ref>{{WJ|Quendi}} p.365</ref>
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*OS ''[[berina]] > berena > [[beren]]''<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}} entry BER</ref>
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*[[CE]] ''[[taika]] > taeka > [[taeg]]''<ref>{{WJ|Quendi}} p.309</ref>
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*CE ''alcari(n)kwâ<ref>cf. [[Quenya]] ''[[Alcarinqua]]''</ref> > alkarepa > [[aglareb]]''
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[[Mithrimin]] perhaps did not undergo the A-affection<ref>{{PE|17}} pp.133,134</ref>. Hence we have OS *''lâmina'' > S. ''[[loven]]'' but M. ''[[lómin]]''
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{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[Category:Sindarin]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin]]

Revision as of 13:11, 28 October 2010

A-affection or A-mutation is a phonology phenomenon in the Sindarin language through its evolution from Old Sindarin, regarding the final vowels of a word.

The phenomenon is summarized as -iCa > -eC: the final -a vowel caused the preceding i to slid into e. Since all final vowels disappeared in mature Sindarin, final -a also disappeared, leaving as trace of its existence the preceding e. The phenomenon affected mostly adjectives ending in -ina resulting in the common Sindarin adjectival ending -e. Other endings which possibly show A-affection are -eth, -eb, -eg

Examples

Mithrimin perhaps did not undergo the A-affection[5]. Hence we have OS *lâmina > S. loven but M. lómin

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar" p.365
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies" entry BER
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar" p.309
  4. cf. Quenya Alcarinqua
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson) pp.133,134