Tolkien Gateway

A-affection

Revision as of 21:15, 23 November 2012 by Fredeghar (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

A-affection or A-mutation is a phonology phenomenon in the Sindarin language through its evolution from Old Sindarin, regarding the final vowels of a word.

The phenomenon is summarized as -iCa > -eC: the final -a vowel caused the preceding i to slid into e. It also caused change of u into o.

Since all final vowels disappeared in mature Sindarin, final -a also disappeared, leaving as trace of its existence the change of the preceding vowel.

The phenomenon is seen mostly in adjectives ending in -ina resulting in the common Sindarin adjectival ending -en. Other endings which possibly show A-affection are -eth (*-itta), -eb (*-ipa), -eg (*-ika)

[edit] Examples

Mithrimin perhaps did not undergo the A-affection[6]. Hence we have OS *lâmina > S. loven but M. lómin

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar" p.365
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies" entry BER
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar" p.309
  4. cf. Quenya Alcarinqua
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar" p.414
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson) pp.133,134