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AM

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'''AM-''' is an [[Elvish]] [[Sundocarme|root]], with two different meanings.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 348</ref>
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'''AM''' is an [[Elvish]] [[Sundocarme|root]], with two different meanings.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 348</ref>
  
==AM<sup>1</sup>-==
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==AM<sup>1</sup>==
  
 
Meaning: "mother"
 
Meaning: "mother"
  
 
*[[Quenya]]: ''amil'' or ''amme''
 
*[[Quenya]]: ''amil'' or ''amme''
*[[Ilkorin]]: ''aman'' (pl. ''emuin'')
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*[[Ilkorin]]: ''aman'' (pl. ''emnin''<ref name=VT>{{VT|45a}}, p. 5</ref>)
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*[[Exilic Noldorin]] poetic: ''emil''<ref name=VT/>
  
==AM<sup>2</sup>-==
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==AM<sup>2</sup>==
  
 
Meaning: "up" (usually in form ''amba-'') or "go up"<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 146</ref>
 
Meaning: "up" (usually in form ''amba-'') or "go up"<ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 146</ref>
  
*[[Quenya]]: ''am-'' ("up", prefix); ''[[amba]]'' ("up(wards)", adverb); ''amban'' ("upward slope, hill-side")
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*[[Quenya]]: ''am-'' ("up", prefix); ''[[amba]]'' ("up(wards)", adverb); ''ambon''<ref name=VT/> ("upward slope, hill-side"); ''ambo'' ("hill")<ref name=VT/>
*[[Noldorin]] ([[Sindarin]]): ''[[am]]'' ("up"); ''am-bend'', ''amben'' ("uphill"); ''[[amon]]'' ("hill"); ''[[Amrûn|am-rûn]]'' ("uprising, sunrise"; hence Quenya ''ambaron'', "Orient" [cf. ''[[Ambaróna]]''])
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*[[Noldorin]] ([[Sindarin]]): ''[[am]]'' ("up"); ''am-bend'', ''amben'' ("uphill"); ''[[amon]]'' ("hill"); ''[[Amrûn|am-rún]]''<ref name=VT/> ("uprising, sunrise"; hence Quenya ''ambaron'', "Orient" [cf. ''[[Ambaróna]]''])
 
===Obsolete forms===
 
===Obsolete forms===
 
In the ''Qenya Lexicon'', appears the [[Qenya]] form AM(U) ("up(wards)").<ref>{{PE|12}}</ref>
 
In the ''Qenya Lexicon'', appears the [[Qenya]] form AM(U) ("up(wards)").<ref>{{PE|12}}</ref>
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[Category:Roots]]
 
[[Category:Roots]]

Latest revision as of 13:20, 28 November 2010

AM is an Elvish root, with two different meanings.[1]

Contents

[edit] AM1

Meaning: "mother"

[edit] AM2

Meaning: "up" (usually in form amba-) or "go up"[3]

[edit] Obsolete forms

In the Qenya Lexicon, appears the Qenya form AM(U) ("up(wards)").[4]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 348
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 5
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 146
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)