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AR is an Elvish root meaning "beyond, further than".[1][2]


Other versions of the legendarium

In the Etymologies appears a different conception of the root AR: AR1 is a root which signifies "day" (cf. AS), while the derivatives of AR2 relate to "outsideness" (no exact signification is given for AR2, although the general sense seems to be somewhat retained for the root AR as given in Eldarin Roots and Stems).[3]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 147
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ar- ("outside, beside")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 348