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AR is an Elvish root meaning "beyond, further than".[1][2]

[edit] Derivatives

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In the Etymologies there are two homophonus roots: AR1 is a root which signifies "day" and it seems to have been redefined by Tolkien (cf. AS); the root AR2 has no exact signification although its derivatives relate to "outsideness"; the general sense seems to be somewhat retained for the root AR as given in Eldarin Roots and Stems).[3]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 147
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ar- ("outside, beside")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 348