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A Middle English Vocabulary

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'''A Middle English Vocabulary''' is a glossary compiled by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] for ''[[Fourteenth Century Verse & Prose]]'' (1921), a collection of Middle English texts, edited by [[Kenneth Sisam]], formerly tutor of Tolkien. The glossary was first published in May 1922 as a separate volume and later together with Sisam's collection.
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{{book
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|title=A Middle English Vocabulary
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|image=[[Image:A Middle English Vocabulary.jpg]]
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|author=[[J.R.R. Tolkien]]
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|isbn=
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|publisher=[[Clarendon Press]]
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|date=[[11 May|May 11]], [[1922]]
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|format=
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|pages=168 (unpaged)
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|amazon=
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|amazonprice=unavailable
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|}}
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'''''A Middle English Vocabulary''''' is the first published book by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]].
  
Literature:
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==Appearance==
*[[J.R.R. Tolkien]]: ''A Middle English Vocabulary.'' Clarendon Press, Oxford 1922.
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''A Middle English Vocabulary'' was published on [[11 May|May 11]], [[1922]], as a supplement to [[Kenneth Sisam]]'s ''[[Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose]]'' published the year before.<ref name="Biblio">[[Douglas A. Anderson]], [[Wayne G. Hammond]] (eds.), ''[[J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography]]'', "Books by J. R. R. Tolkien", pages 1-3</ref> The separate binding is unpaged, and titled "Glossary", rather than "Vocabulary", on the title page.<ref name="Lee">Margaret L. Lee, "Middle English", published in ''[[The Year's Work in English Studies]]'', vol II (1922), pages 41-53, esp. 42-3</ref>
*[[Wayne G. Hammond]], [[Douglas A. Anderson]]: [[J.R.R. Tolkien - A Descriptive Bibliography]]. St Paul’s Bibliographies, Winchester 1993. ISBN 1-873040-11-3. A 1: "A Middle English Vocabulary", pp. 1-3.
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*Margaret L. Lee: ''Middle English'', in: ''The Year's Work in English Studies'' Vol. II (1920-1). Oxford University Press, pp. 42–3.
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==Publication==
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Sisam was Tolkien's old tutor of English Language and Literature, and also involved the ''[[Oxford English Dictionary]]'', working on several words under the letter ''S''.<ref>[[Peter Gilliver]], [[Jeremy Marshall]], [[Edmund Weiner]], ''[[The Ring of Words]]'', page 3</ref> After that section was published, Oxford University Press asked him to write a compilation of fourteenth century verse and prose. By 1919, it turned out Sisam did not have time to compile the glossary, so Tolkien was asked to do it. The project, originally planned to be little else than a glossary, quickly became a much larger work. Tolkien was given time off from his regular work on the OED, and even continued working on the glossary after his transfer to [[Leeds University]].<ref name="Ring">[[Peter Gilliver]], [[Jeremy Marshall]], [[Edmund Weiner]], ''[[The Ring of Words]]'', page 32-3</ref> The publication had been delayed due to private matters, and Tolkien was glad when it was finally finished. Sisam's book was, in the end, published without the glossary.<ref name="L6">[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Humphrey Carpenter]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (eds.), ''[[The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien]]'', [[Letter 6]] (dated [[13 February|February 13]], [[1923]])</ref> Later editions of Sisam's book did include Tolkien's glossary. <ref name="Biblio"/>
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==Method==
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Tolkien gained praise for his glossary, which was unlike most others. Whereas it was a trend of the days to suggest (often questionable) etymologies of rare and obscure words, Tolkien chose to devote his time to the different meanings of common words, such as ''to'', ''he'' and ''habben'' ("to have"). His Vocabulary is filled with textual references,<ref name="Lee"/> and much of his findings elaborated on the OED, pre-dating words by sometimes a century. Some of these suggestions were taken into account in later editions of the OED.<ref name="Ring"/>
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==Reviews==
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;Favourable
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* 1922: Margaret L. Lee, "Middle English", published in ''[[The Year's Work in English Studies]]''<ref name="Lee"/>
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* 1926: E. Kruisinga, "Reviews", published in ''English Studies: a Journal of English Letters and Philology''<ref>E. Kruisinga, "Reviews.", published in ''English Studies: a Journal of English Letters and Philology'', vol. 8 (1926), pages 18-19</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[A middle English vocabulary (2010)|''A middle English vocabulary (2010)'']] (reprint)
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==External links==
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*[http://www.archive.org/details/middleenglishvoc00tolkuoft Free version of ''A Middle English Vocabulary''] at [http://www.archive.org/ Archive.org]
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*[http://lingwe.blogspot.se/2012/11/reconstructed-lexis-in-tolkiens-middle.html Reconstructed lexis in Tolkien’s ''Middle English Vocabulary''] by [[Jason Fisher]]
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{{references}}
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{{title|italics}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Middle English Vocabulary, A}}
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[[Category:Reference books]]
 
[[Category:Books by J.R.R. Tolkien]]
 
[[Category:Books by J.R.R. Tolkien]]
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[[Category:Publications by title]]
 
[[de:A Middle English Vocabulary]]
 
[[de:A Middle English Vocabulary]]
 
[[fi:A Middle English Vocabulary]]
 
[[fi:A Middle English Vocabulary]]

Latest revision as of 12:01, 16 December 2012

A Middle English Vocabulary
A Middle English Vocabulary.jpg
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
PublisherClarendon Press
ReleasedMay 11, 1922
Pages168 (unpaged)

A Middle English Vocabulary is the first published book by J.R.R. Tolkien.

Contents

[edit] Appearance

A Middle English Vocabulary was published on May 11, 1922, as a supplement to Kenneth Sisam's Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose published the year before.[1] The separate binding is unpaged, and titled "Glossary", rather than "Vocabulary", on the title page.[2]

[edit] Publication

Sisam was Tolkien's old tutor of English Language and Literature, and also involved the Oxford English Dictionary, working on several words under the letter S.[3] After that section was published, Oxford University Press asked him to write a compilation of fourteenth century verse and prose. By 1919, it turned out Sisam did not have time to compile the glossary, so Tolkien was asked to do it. The project, originally planned to be little else than a glossary, quickly became a much larger work. Tolkien was given time off from his regular work on the OED, and even continued working on the glossary after his transfer to Leeds University.[4] The publication had been delayed due to private matters, and Tolkien was glad when it was finally finished. Sisam's book was, in the end, published without the glossary.[5] Later editions of Sisam's book did include Tolkien's glossary. [1]

[edit] Method

Tolkien gained praise for his glossary, which was unlike most others. Whereas it was a trend of the days to suggest (often questionable) etymologies of rare and obscure words, Tolkien chose to devote his time to the different meanings of common words, such as to, he and habben ("to have"). His Vocabulary is filled with textual references,[2] and much of his findings elaborated on the OED, pre-dating words by sometimes a century. Some of these suggestions were taken into account in later editions of the OED.[4]

[edit] Reviews

Favourable
  • 1922: Margaret L. Lee, "Middle English", published in The Year's Work in English Studies[2]
  • 1926: E. Kruisinga, "Reviews", published in English Studies: a Journal of English Letters and Philology[6]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Douglas A. Anderson, Wayne G. Hammond (eds.), J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography, "Books by J. R. R. Tolkien", pages 1-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Margaret L. Lee, "Middle English", published in The Year's Work in English Studies, vol II (1922), pages 41-53, esp. 42-3
  3. Peter Gilliver, Jeremy Marshall, Edmund Weiner, The Ring of Words, page 3
  4. 4.0 4.1 Peter Gilliver, Jeremy Marshall, Edmund Weiner, The Ring of Words, page 32-3
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 6 (dated February 13, 1923)
  6. E. Kruisinga, "Reviews.", published in English Studies: a Journal of English Letters and Philology, vol. 8 (1926), pages 18-19