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Aha

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'''''aha''''' is a noun meaning "rage" in [[Quenya]]. Compare with ''[[rûth]]'' in [[Sindarin]].
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'''''aha''''' is a noun meaning "rage" in [[Quenya]].<ref name="Names">{{App|Letters}}, Note, ''The names of the letters''</ref>
  
[[Image:Harma.gif]]''Aha'' is also the name of the eleventh letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet.
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[[Image:Harma.gif|left]]''Aha'' was also the later name in Quenya of the eleventh letter of the [[Tengwar]] alphabet<ref name="Names"/> and the third letter of the third grade or [[Tyellë]], which contains "voiceless spirants".  It was the third letter in the third series of consonants.
  
== History ==
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For written Quenya, the third series is used for the ''k''-series, the ''[[Calmatéma]]''.<ref name="Letters">{{App|Letters}}</ref>  Originally the letter ''Aha'' was called ''[[Harma]]'' and it represented spirant '''CH''' in all positions.  While the letter retains this value in medial positions, over time the sound softened into breath '''H''' at the beginning of words and the name of the letter when so used is ''Aha''.<ref name="Names"/>
The original name of ''Aha'' was ''[[Charma]]'' and in Quenya it had the value "ch". Over time the "ch" in Quenya softened to "h" and the letter, now called ''Acha'', was only used when the "ch" sound was explicit. Still later the "ch" sound disappeared altogether and the letter was renamed ''Aha''.
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In [[Sindarin]], ''Aha'' still refers to the "ch" sound. In [[Westron]] the letter was called ''Shé'' and had the value of "sh".
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==See Also ==
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
  
== References ==
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{{references}}
* ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]'' by [[Ruth S. Noel]]
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{{title|lowercase}}
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm Quenya Corpus Wordlist] edited by [[Helge Kåre Fauskanger]]
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[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
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[[Category:Quenya words]]
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[[Category:Tengwar letters]]
 
[[Category:Tengwar letters]]

Latest revision as of 22:00, 8 November 2012

aha is a noun meaning "rage" in Quenya.[1]

Harma.gif
Aha was also the later name in Quenya of the eleventh letter of the Tengwar alphabet[1] and the third letter of the third grade or Tyellë, which contains "voiceless spirants". It was the third letter in the third series of consonants.

For written Quenya, the third series is used for the k-series, the Calmatéma.[2] Originally the letter Aha was called Harma and it represented spirant CH in all positions. While the letter retains this value in medial positions, over time the sound softened into breath H at the beginning of words and the name of the letter when so used is Aha.[1]

[edit] See Also

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters"