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Amras

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| image=[[Image:Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Amras
 
| name=Amras
| othernames=[[fn]] ''[[Telufinwë]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]]); ''[[Ambarussa]]'' or ''[[Umbarto]]/[[Ambarto]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])
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| pronun=
 +
| othernames= ''[[Pityafinwë]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]])</br>''[[Ambarussa]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])</br>''[[Minyarussa]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[epessë]])
 
| titles=
 
| titles=
 
| position=
 
| position=
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| affiliation=[[Oath of Fëanor]]
 
| affiliation=[[Oath of Fëanor]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
| birth=during [[Years of the Trees]]
+
| birth=after {{YT|1190}}
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
 
| rule=
 
| rule=
| death=[[Years of the Trees|Y.O.T.T.]] [[Years of the Trees 1497|1497]]
+
| death={{FA|538}}
| deathlocation=[[Losgar]]
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| deathlocation=[[Third Kinslaying]] at the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]]
 
| age=
 
| age=
 +
| notablefor=
 
| house=[[House of Fëanor]]
 
| house=[[House of Fëanor]]
 
| parentage=[[Fëanor]] & [[Nerdanel]]
 
| parentage=[[Fëanor]] & [[Nerdanel]]
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| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
 
| height=
 
| height=
| hair=Red
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| hair=Dark red
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
 
| clothing=
 
| clothing=
 
| weapons=
 
| weapons=
 
| steed=
 
| steed=
}} '''Amras''' and his twin brother [[Amrod]] were the youngest sons of [[Fëanor]]. Through their mother [[Nerdanel]] they inherited red hair (probably a dark red), instead of Fëanor's black.
+
}} '''Amras''' and his twin brother [[Amrod]] were the youngest sons of [[Fëanor]]. Through their mother [[Nerdanel]] they inherited red hair, instead of Fëanor's black.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
  
He joined his brothers in the [[Oath of Fëanor]], but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amrod be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not returnFëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and paid for itAmras was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the [[Teleri]] when his father ordered them to be burnt at [[Losgar]].  According to the ''[[Shibboleth]]'', he claimed (to Amrod) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the [[Lammoth]].  It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship, being shocked by his father's deeds.  Fëanor was probably aware of his dissention, and this may have been one of the elements of his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been got out.  Yet he was in great dismay when he learned of his son's death, and doubtless remembered the foreboding words of his wife.
+
He, like his brothers, participated in the [[Flight of the Noldor]].  He was deeply attached to his twin brother, and thus they were called  "''[[Ambarussa]]''" (see below)After his brother's death in the Ships of the [[Teleri]] at [[Losgar]], according to the ''[[Shibboleth of Fëanor]]'', he dared speak against his father, and was the last to do so.
  
==Other versions of the Legendarium==
+
{{quote|In the morning the host was mustered, but of Fëanor's seven sons only six were to be found.  Then Ambarussa went pale with fear.  'Did you not then rouse Ambarussa my brother (whom you called Ambarto?' he said.  'He would not come ashore to sleep (he said) in discomfort.'  But it is thought (and no doubt Fëanor had guessed this also) that it was in the mind of Ambarto to sail his ship back [?afterwards] and rejoin Nerdanel; for he had been much [?shocked] by the deed of his father.  That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'And ''Umbarto'' "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared to speak again to Fëanor of this matter.|''[[The Shibboleth of Fëanor]]''}}
  
In the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' and in earlier texts he is said to have lived on to [[Beleriand]] and ruled with his twin Amrod over lands west of the [[Blue Mountains]]. Even in ''The Silmarillion'' his life, course and death happen alongside to his brother's and has not an individual role.
+
After Fëanor's death he dwelt in the wide plains of [[East Beleriand]] and was known as a great hunter. He died during the attack made by the Sons of Fëanor on the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]]
  
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
Amras' [[father-name]] in [[Quenya]] was '''[[Telufinwë]]''', "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the [[House of Finwë]] and its short form was ''Telvo''. His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was originally '''[[Ambarussa]]''' ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amrod, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him '''[[Umbarto]]''', "The Fated" (from ''[[umbar]]'' = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to '''[[Ambarto]]''', "Upwards-exalted" (from ''[[amba]]'' = "upwards, top" and ''[[arta]]'' = "exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other ''Ambarussa''.
+
Amras' [[father-name]] was '''[[Pityafinwë]]''', or "Little Finwë", as he was the second youngest of the [[House of Finwë]]. The short form of his name was [[Pityo]], "Little One". His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was '''[[Ambarussa]]''' ("top-russet", referring to his hair). His twin Amrod shared the same mother-name for a time (see ''[[Amrod]]'' for further information). While in [[Aman]], others called him '''[[Minyarussa]]''', which means "First-''russa''"<ref>{{VT|41b}}</ref>.
  
 
The name ''Amras'' is the Sindarin version of ''Ambarussa''.
 
The name ''Amras'' is the Sindarin version of ''Ambarussa''.
  
In later notes found in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to ''[[Amros]]'' because of linguistic issues.  While this occured late in life, and there are no known manuscripts written later that contradict this, its canonicity is in dispute.
+
In later notes found in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to ''[[Amros]]'' because of linguistic issues.  While this occurred late in life, and there are no known manuscripts written later that contradict this, its canonicity is in dispute.
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
Names shown in ''italics'' are females.
 
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
{{familytree| MHT | | MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | |MHT=[[Mahtan]]| MIR=''[[Míriel]]''|FIN=[[Finwë]]|IND=''[[Indis]]''}}
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{{familytree| MHT | | MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | |MHT=[[Mahtan]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>| MIR=[[Míriel]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1170}}''</small>|FIN=[[Finwë]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1495}}''</small>|IND=[[Indis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | | | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | | | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |}}
{{familytree| NRD |~|y|~| FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF | | |NRD=''[[Nerdanel]]''|FEA=[[Fëanor]]|FDS=''[[Findis]]''|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]|IRM=''[[Írimë]]''|FRF=[[Finarfin]]}}
+
{{familytree| NRD |~|y|~| FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF | | |NRD=[[Nerdanel]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FEA=[[Fëanor]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1169}} - {{YT|1497|n}}''</small>|FDS=[[Findis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1190}} - {{FA|456}}''</small>|IRM=[[Írimë]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FRF=[[Finarfin]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT|1230}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
 
{{familytree| |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
{{familytree| MDH | | MAG | | CEL | | CAR | | CUR | | AMD | | AMR |MDH=[[Maedhros]]|MAG=[[Maglor]]|CEL=[[Celegorm]]|CAR=[[Caranthir]]|CUR=[[Curufin]]|AMD=[[Amrod]]|AMR='''AMRAS'''}}
+
{{familytree| MDH | | MAG | | CEL | | CAR | | CUR | | AMD | | AMR |MDH=[[Maedhros]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|587}}''</small>|MAG=[[Maglor]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|CEL=[[Celegorm]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CAR=[[Caranthir]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CUR=[[Curufin]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|AMD=[[Amrod]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1497}}''</small>|AMR='''AMRAS'''<br/><small>''d. {{FA|538}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | |}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | |}}
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CLB | | | | | | | | |CLB=[[Celebrimbor]]}}
+
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CLB | | | | | | | | |CLB=[[Celebrimbor]]<br/><small>''d. {{SA|1697}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
+
 
There is no trace of the death of Amras at Losgar in the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', as it was a very late idea by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]], omitted by [[Christopher Tolkien]] as he did not at the time see how it could be incorporated into the primary text of ''The Silmarillion''. Where both Amrod and Amras are mentioned in the published text after the landing in Losgar, it should according to Tolkien's later wishes be Amrod alone. The information regarding Amras' naming, especially, comes from ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''.
+
== Other versions of the Legendarium ==
 +
In earlier stages of development Amras' name changed a number of times. In ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part Two]]'' his  name was Díriel, Dinithel and Durithel. <ref>{{LT2 | IV}}, pp. 241, 245, 251</ref>
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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* ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Shibboleth of Feanor]]
 
* ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Shibboleth of Feanor]]
  
==See Also==
+
{{References}}
  
 +
==See Also==
 
*[[:Category:Images of Amras|Images of Amras]]
 
*[[:Category:Images of Amras|Images of Amras]]
 +
 +
[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Sons of Fëanor]]
 
[[Category:Sons of Fëanor]]
[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
 
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 +
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 +
[[Category:Noldor]]
 
[[de:Amras]]
 
[[de:Amras]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/elfes/noldor/amras]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/elfes/noldor/amras]]
 
[[fi:Amras]]
 
[[fi:Amras]]

Latest revision as of 21:31, 4 August 2015

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This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg
Amras
Noldo
Biographical Information
Other namesPityafinwë (Q, fn)
Ambarussa (Q, mn)
Minyarussa (Q, epessë)
LocationTirion
AffiliationOath of Fëanor
LanguageQuenya
Birthafter Y.T. 1190
Tirion
DeathF.A. 538
Third Kinslaying at the Havens of Sirion
Family
HouseHouse of Fëanor
ParentageFëanor & Nerdanel
SiblingsMaedhros, Maglor, Celegorm, Caranthir, Curufin and Amrod (twin)
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorDark red
GalleryImages of Amras
Amras and his twin brother Amrod were the youngest sons of Fëanor. Through their mother Nerdanel they inherited red hair, instead of Fëanor's black.

Contents

[edit] History

He, like his brothers, participated in the Flight of the Noldor. He was deeply attached to his twin brother, and thus they were called "Ambarussa" (see below). After his brother's death in the Ships of the Teleri at Losgar, according to the Shibboleth of Fëanor, he dared speak against his father, and was the last to do so.

"In the morning the host was mustered, but of Fëanor's seven sons only six were to be found. Then Ambarussa went pale with fear. 'Did you not then rouse Ambarussa my brother (whom you called Ambarto?' he said. 'He would not come ashore to sleep (he said) in discomfort.' But it is thought (and no doubt Fëanor had guessed this also) that it was in the mind of Ambarto to sail his ship back [?afterwards] and rejoin Nerdanel; for he had been much [?shocked] by the deed of his father. That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'And Umbarto "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared to speak again to Fëanor of this matter."
The Shibboleth of Fëanor

After Fëanor's death he dwelt in the wide plains of East Beleriand and was known as a great hunter. He died during the attack made by the Sons of Fëanor on the Havens of Sirion

[edit] Etymology

Amras' father-name was Pityafinwë, or "Little Finwë", as he was the second youngest of the House of Finwë. The short form of his name was Pityo, "Little One". His mother-name was Ambarussa ("top-russet", referring to his hair). His twin Amrod shared the same mother-name for a time (see Amrod for further information). While in Aman, others called him Minyarussa, which means "First-russa"[1].

The name Amras is the Sindarin version of Ambarussa.

In later notes found in The Peoples of Middle-earth, Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to Amros because of linguistic issues. While this occurred late in life, and there are no known manuscripts written later that contradict this, its canonicity is in dispute.

[edit] Genealogy

Mahtan
b. Y.T.
 
Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nerdanel
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maedhros
d. F.A. 587
 
Maglor
b. Y.T.
 
Celegorm
d. F.A. 506
 
Caranthir
d. F.A. 506
 
Curufin
d. F.A. 506
 
Amrod
d. Y.T. 1497
 
AMRAS
d. F.A. 538
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Celebrimbor
d. S.A. 1697
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

In earlier stages of development Amras' name changed a number of times. In The Book of Lost Tales Part Two his name was Díriel, Dinithel and Durithel. [2]

[edit] References

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From The Shibboleth of Fëanor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 41, July 2000
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Nauglafring", pp. 241, 245, 251

[edit] See Also