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Amras

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{{sources}}
 
{{sources}}
 
{{noldor infobox
 
{{noldor infobox
| image=[[Image:Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg|250px]]
 
 
| name=Amras
 
| name=Amras
| othernames=[[fn]] ''[[Telufinwë]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]]); ''[[Ambarussa]]'' or ''[[Umbarto]]/[[Ambarto]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])
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| image=[[File:Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg|250px]]
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| caption="Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor" by [[Jenny Dolfen]]
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| pronun=
 +
| othernames= ''[[Telufinwë]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]])</br>''[[Ambarussa]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])</br>''[[Minyarussa]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[epessë]])
 
| titles=
 
| titles=
 
| position=
 
| position=
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| affiliation=[[Oath of Fëanor]]
 
| affiliation=[[Oath of Fëanor]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
| birth=during [[Years of the Trees]]
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| birth=after {{YT|1190}} and before {{YT|1497}}
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
 
| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
 
| rule=
 
| rule=
| death=[[Years of the Trees|Y.O.T.T.]] [[Years of the Trees 1497|1497]]
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| death={{FA|538}}
| deathlocation=[[Losgar]]
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| deathlocation=[[Third Kinslaying]] at the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]]
 
| age=
 
| age=
 +
| notablefor=
 
| house=[[House of Fëanor]]
 
| house=[[House of Fëanor]]
 
| parentage=[[Fëanor]] & [[Nerdanel]]
 
| parentage=[[Fëanor]] & [[Nerdanel]]
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| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
 
| height=
 
| height=
| hair=Red
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| hair=Copper red
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
 
| clothing=
 
| clothing=
 
| weapons=
 
| weapons=
 
| steed=
 
| steed=
}} '''Amras''' and his twin brother [[Amrod]] were the youngest sons of [[Fëanor]]. Through their mother [[Nerdanel]] they inherited red hair (probably a dark red), instead of Fëanor's black.
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}} '''Amras''' and his twin brother [[Amrod]] were the youngest sons of [[Fëanor]]. Through their mother [[Nerdanel]]'s line, they inherited red hair, instead of Fëanor's dark hair.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
  
He joined his brothers in the [[Oath of Fëanor]], but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amrod be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not return.  Fëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and paid for it. Amras was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the [[Teleri]] when his father ordered them to be burnt at [[Losgar]].  According to the ''[[Shibboleth]]'', he claimed (to Amrod) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the [[Lammoth]]. It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship, being shocked by his father's deeds.  Fëanor was probably aware of his dissention, and this may have been one of the elements of his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been got out.  Yet he was in great dismay when he learned of his son's death, and doubtless remembered the foreboding words of his wife.
+
He, like his brothers, participated in the [[Flight of the Noldor]]. He was deeply attached to his twin brother, and thus they were called "''[[Ambarussa]]''" (see below). They were nearly identical, being alike in both face and mood,<ref name=Eldamar>{{S|Eldamar}}</ref> but the elder brother, Amrod, had a darker shade of auburn hair after childhood.<ref name=Sons/>
  
==Other versions of the Legendarium==
+
After Fëanor's death, he dwelt in the wide plains of [[East Beleriand]] and with his brother, was known as a great hunter.<ref name=Eldamar/> Amras and his elder brother had little direct involvement with the [[Siege of Angband]],<ref name=Beleriand>{{S|Beleriand}}</ref> but when they were summoned by their kin for the [[Oath]], as they were present at each [[kinslaying]], or needed to lend aid or shelter, they supported their brothers. He and his twin died during the attack made by the Sons of Fëanor on the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]] in {{FA|538}}.<ref name=Voyage>{{S|Voyage}}</ref>
 
+
In the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' and in earlier texts he is said to have lived on to [[Beleriand]] and ruled with his twin Amrod over lands west of the [[Blue Mountains]]. Even in ''The Silmarillion'' his life, course and death happen alongside to his brother's and has not an individual role.
+
  
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
Amras' [[father-name]] in [[Quenya]] was '''[[Telufinwë]]''', "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the [[House of Finwë]] and its short form was ''Telvo''. His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was originally '''[[Ambarussa]]''' ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amrod, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him '''[[Umbarto]]''', "The Fated" (from ''[[umbar]]'' = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to '''[[Ambarto]]''', "Upwards-exalted" (from ''[[amba]]'' = "upwards, top" and ''[[arta]]'' = "exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other ''Ambarussa''.
+
Amras' [[father-name]] in [[Quenya]] was '''[[Telufinwë]]''', "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the [[House of Finwë]] and its short form was ''Telvo''. His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was '''[[Ambarussa]]''' ("top-russet", referring to his hair). His twin Amrod shared the same mother-name for a time (see ''[[Amrod]]'' for further information). While in [[Aman]], others called him '''[[Minyarussa]]''', which means "First-''russa''".
  
The name ''Amras'' is the Sindarin version of ''Ambarussa''.
+
The name ''Amras'' is the Sindarin version of ''Ambarussa''.<ref>{{VT|41b}}, p. 10</ref>
  
In later notes found in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to ''[[Amros]]'' because of linguistic issues.  While this occured late in life, and there are no known manuscripts written later that contradict this, its canonicity is in dispute.
+
In later notes found in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to ''[[Amros]]'' because of linguistic issues.
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
Names shown in ''italics'' are females.
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<div style="overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y: hidden; border: 1px solid #AAAAAA; padding: 3px; background: #EEEEEE;">
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
{{familytree| MHT | | MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | |MHT=[[Mahtan]]| MIR=''[[Míriel]]''|FIN=[[Finwë]]|IND=''[[Indis]]''}}
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{{familytree| MHT | | MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | |MHT=[[Mahtan]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>| MIR=[[Míriel]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1170}}''</small>|FIN=[[Finwë]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1495}}''</small>|IND=[[Indis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | | | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |}}
 
{{familytree| |!| | | | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |}}
{{familytree| NRD |~|y|~| FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF | | |NRD=''[[Nerdanel]]''|FEA=[[Fëanor]]|FDS=''[[Findis]]''|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]|IRM=''[[Írimë]]''|FRF=[[Finarfin]]}}
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{{familytree| NRD |~|y|~| FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF | | |NRD=[[Nerdanel]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FEA=[[Fëanor]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1169}} - {{YT|1497|n}}''</small>|FDS=[[Findis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1190}} - {{FA|456}}''</small>|IRM=[[Írimë]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FRF=[[Finarfin]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT|1230}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
 
{{familytree| |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
{{familytree| MDH | | MAG | | CEL | | CAR | | CUR | | AMD | | AMR |MDH=[[Maedhros]]|MAG=[[Maglor]]|CEL=[[Celegorm]]|CAR=[[Caranthir]]|CUR=[[Curufin]]|AMD=[[Amrod]]|AMR='''AMRAS'''}}
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{{familytree| MDH | | MAG | | CEL | | CAR | | CUR | | AMD | | AMR |MDH=[[Maedhros]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|587}}''</small>|MAG=[[Maglor]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|CEL=[[Celegorm]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CAR=[[Caranthir]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CUR=[[Curufin]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|AMD=[[Amrod]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|538}}''</small>|AMR='''AMRAS'''<br/><small>''d. {{FA|538}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | |}}
 
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | |}}
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CLB | | | | | | | | |CLB=[[Celebrimbor]]}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CLB | | | | | | | | |CLB=[[Celebrimbor]]<br/><small>''d. {{SA|1697}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
+
</div>
There is no trace of the death of Amras at Losgar in the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', as it was a very late idea by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]], omitted by [[Christopher Tolkien]] as he did not at the time see how it could be incorporated into the primary text of ''The Silmarillion''. Where both Amrod and Amras are mentioned in the published text after the landing in Losgar, it should according to Tolkien's later wishes be Amrod alone. The information regarding Amras' naming, especially, comes from ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''.
+
  
== References ==
+
== Other versions of the Legendarium ==
 +
In the draft of the legend of Amrod,<ref name=Sons>{{PM|XI7}}</ref> after his brother's death in the swan-ship of the [[Teleri]] at [[Losgar]], Amras dared speak against his father, and was the last to do so. It should be noted to avoid confusion that in this draft the twins were switched, and [[Amrod]] ('Umbarto' or 'Ambarto') was the younger and Amras ('Ambarussa') the elder. In ''The Silmarillion'', Amrod is the elder and Amras is the younger.
  
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië]]
+
{{quote|In the morning the host was mustered, but of Fëanor's seven sons only six were to be found.  Then Ambarussa went pale with fear.  'Did you not then rouse Ambarussa my brother (whom you called Ambarto?' he said.  'He would not come ashore to sleep (he said) in discomfort.'  But it is thought (and no doubt Fëanor had guessed this also) that it was in the mind of Ambarto to sail his ship back [?afterwards] and rejoin Nerdanel; for he had been much [?shocked] by the deed of his father.  That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'And ''Umbarto'' "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared to speak again to Fëanor of this matter.|''[[The Shibboleth of Fëanor]]''}}
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor]]
+
In earlier stages of development, Amras' name changed a number of times. In ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part Two]]'' his  name was Díriel, Dinithel and Durithel. <ref>{{LT2 | IV}}, pp. 241, 245, 251</ref>
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Flight of the Noldor]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Return of the Noldor]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Beleriand and its Realms]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Noldor in Beleriand]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Ruin of Doriath]]
+
* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath]]
+
* ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part Two]]'', [[The Nauglafring]]
+
* ''[[The Shaping of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Earliest Annals of Valinor]]
+
* ''[[The Shaping of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Earliest Annals of Beleriand]]
+
* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The later Annals of Beleriand]]
+
* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The later Annals of Valinor]]
+
* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[Quenta Silmarillion]]
+
* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The Etymologies]]
+
* ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', [[The Annals of Aman]]
+
* ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]
+
* ''[[The War of the Jewels]]'', [[The Grey Annals]]
+
* ''[[The War of the Jewels]]'', [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]
+
* ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Shibboleth of Feanor]]
+
  
==See Also==
+
{{References}}
  
 +
==See Also==
 
*[[:Category:Images of Amras|Images of Amras]]
 
*[[:Category:Images of Amras|Images of Amras]]
 +
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Sons of Fëanor]]
 
[[Category:Sons of Fëanor]]
[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
 
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 +
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 +
[[Category:Noldor]]
 
[[de:Amras]]
 
[[de:Amras]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/elfes/noldor/amras]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/elfes/noldor/amras]]
 
[[fi:Amras]]
 
[[fi:Amras]]

Latest revision as of 23:02, 20 October 2016

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This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Amras
Noldo
Jenny Dolfen - Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor.jpg
"Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor" by Jenny Dolfen
Biographical Information
Other namesTelufinwë (Q, fn)
Ambarussa (Q, mn)
Minyarussa (Q, epessë)
LocationTirion
AffiliationOath of Fëanor
LanguageQuenya
Birthafter Y.T. 1190 and before Y.T. 1497
Tirion
DeathF.A. 538
Third Kinslaying at the Havens of Sirion
Family
HouseHouse of Fëanor
ParentageFëanor & Nerdanel
SiblingsMaedhros, Maglor, Celegorm, Caranthir, Curufin and Amrod (twin)
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorCopper red
GalleryImages of Amras
Amras and his twin brother Amrod were the youngest sons of Fëanor. Through their mother Nerdanel's line, they inherited red hair, instead of Fëanor's dark hair.

Contents

[edit] History

He, like his brothers, participated in the Flight of the Noldor. He was deeply attached to his twin brother, and thus they were called "Ambarussa" (see below). They were nearly identical, being alike in both face and mood,[1] but the elder brother, Amrod, had a darker shade of auburn hair after childhood.[2]

After Fëanor's death, he dwelt in the wide plains of East Beleriand and with his brother, was known as a great hunter.[1] Amras and his elder brother had little direct involvement with the Siege of Angband,[3] but when they were summoned by their kin for the Oath, as they were present at each kinslaying, or needed to lend aid or shelter, they supported their brothers. He and his twin died during the attack made by the Sons of Fëanor on the Havens of Sirion in F.A. 538.[4]

[edit] Etymology

Amras' father-name in Quenya was Telufinwë, "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the House of Finwë and its short form was Telvo. His mother-name was Ambarussa ("top-russet", referring to his hair). His twin Amrod shared the same mother-name for a time (see Amrod for further information). While in Aman, others called him Minyarussa, which means "First-russa".

The name Amras is the Sindarin version of Ambarussa.[5]

In later notes found in The Peoples of Middle-earth, Tolkien mentions that he wished to change the name to Amros because of linguistic issues.

[edit] Genealogy

Mahtan
b. Y.T.
 
Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nerdanel
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maedhros
d. F.A. 587
 
Maglor
b. Y.T.
 
Celegorm
d. F.A. 506
 
Caranthir
d. F.A. 506
 
Curufin
d. F.A. 506
 
Amrod
d. F.A. 538
 
AMRAS
d. F.A. 538
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Celebrimbor
d. S.A. 1697
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

In the draft of the legend of Amrod,[2] after his brother's death in the swan-ship of the Teleri at Losgar, Amras dared speak against his father, and was the last to do so. It should be noted to avoid confusion that in this draft the twins were switched, and Amrod ('Umbarto' or 'Ambarto') was the younger and Amras ('Ambarussa') the elder. In The Silmarillion, Amrod is the elder and Amras is the younger.

"In the morning the host was mustered, but of Fëanor's seven sons only six were to be found. Then Ambarussa went pale with fear. 'Did you not then rouse Ambarussa my brother (whom you called Ambarto?' he said. 'He would not come ashore to sleep (he said) in discomfort.' But it is thought (and no doubt Fëanor had guessed this also) that it was in the mind of Ambarto to sail his ship back [?afterwards] and rejoin Nerdanel; for he had been much [?shocked] by the deed of his father. That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'And Umbarto "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared to speak again to Fëanor of this matter."
The Shibboleth of Fëanor

In earlier stages of development, Amras' name changed a number of times. In The Book of Lost Tales Part Two his name was Díriel, Dinithel and Durithel. [6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of the Sons of Fëanor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From The Shibboleth of Fëanor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 41, July 2000, p. 10
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Nauglafring", pp. 241, 245, 251

[edit] See Also