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Anárion

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{{disambig-two|the son of Elendil|the King of [[Númenor]]|[[Tar-Anárion]]}}
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{{disambig-two|the son of Elendil|King of [[Númenor]]|[[Tar-Anárion]]}}
{{numenorean
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{{numenorean infobox
 
| image=[[Image:Anarion decipher.jpg|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Anarion decipher.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Anárion
 
| name=Anárion
 
| othernames=
 
| othernames=
| birth=[[Second Age 3219|S.A. 3219]]
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| titles=[[Kings of Gondor|King]] of [[Gondor]] (joint)
| rule=
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| position=
| death=[[Second Age 3440|S.A. 3440]]
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| location=[[Númenor]]; [[Gondor]]
| age= 221 years
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| affiliation=The [[Faithful]]
| party=The [[Faithful]]
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| language=[[Quenya]]
 
| language=[[Quenya]]
| gender=Male
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| birth={{SA|3219}}
| height=
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| birthlocation=[[Andúnië]], [[Númenor]]
| hair=
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| rule={{SA|3320}} - {{SA|3440|n}} (120 years)
| eyes=
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| death={{SA|3440}}
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| deathlocation=During [[Siege of Barad-dûr]]
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| age=221
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| house=[[House of Elendil]]
 
| parentage=[[Elendil]]
 
| parentage=[[Elendil]]
 
| siblings=[[Isildur]]
 
| siblings=[[Isildur]]
 
| spouse=
 
| spouse=
 
| children=Three unnamed children, [[Meneldil]]
 
| children=Three unnamed children, [[Meneldil]]
|}}{{Pronounce|Anarion.mp3|Ardamir}}
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| gender=Male
'''Anárion''' was the the second son of [[Elendil]] and the brother of [[Isildur]]. His son [[Meneldil]] was the last man born in [[Númenor]] before its [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]].  
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}{{Pronounce|Anarion.mp3|Ardamir}}
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'''Anárion''' ([[Quenya|Q]]: "[[sun]]-son", pron. {{IPA|[aˈnaːri.on]}}, stem ''Anáriond-'') was the second son of [[Elendil]] and the brother of [[Isildur]].<ref name="Rings">{{S|Rings}}</ref>  His son [[Meneldil]] was the last man born in [[Númenor]] before its [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]].<ref name="Gladden">{{UT|Gladden}}, Note 10</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Together with his father and brother, Anárion was a leader of the [[Faithful]], the part of the [[Númenórean]] people that opposed the dark rule of King [[Ar-Pharazôn]] and his councilor [[Sauron]].
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Anárion, together with his father and brother, were the leaders of the [[Faithful]], the small minority of [[Númenóreans]] that resisted the dark rule of King [[Ar-Pharazôn]] and his councilor [[Sauron]]. In {{SA|3319}} when Ar-Pharazôn assailed the land of [[Aman]],<ref name="SA">{{App|SA}}</ref> nine ships of the Faithful escaped to the east (four for Elendil, three for Isildur, and two for Anárion).<ref>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>  They were separated by the great storm that arose during the Downfall.  Elendil landed in northern [[Middle-earth]] near the Elven kingdom of [[Lindon]] and there established the realm of [[Arnor]].  Isildur and Anárion, however, landed in the south and founded the realm of [[Gondor]] in {{SA|3320|n}}.<ref name="Rings"/>
  
After the Downfall, Elendil landed in northern [[Middle-earth]] near the Elven realm of [[Lindon]], and there established the realm of [[Arnor]]. Isildur and Anárion, however, landed in the south and established the realm of [[Gondor]]. Both realms were founded on existing Númenórean colonies: Gondor grew out of the already established city of [[Pelargir]], and the existing Princedom of [[Belfalas]] (later renamed [[Dol Amroth]]).
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Together, Anárion and Isildur were chiefly responsible for the early ordering of Gondor, and their thrones were set side by side in the Great Hall of [[Osgiliath]]. In the citiy of [[Minas Anor]] Anárion established his house while Isildur set up his in [[Minas Ithil]].
  
Anárion was chiefly responsible for the early ordering of Gondor: he founded the cities of [[Minas Anor]] and [[Minas Ithil]], as well as the bridge and city of [[Osgiliath]]. Osgiliath was dedicated to the stars, but also after Elendil. [[Minas Anor]] and the outlying region of [[Anórien]] were named after the [[Sun]], but also after Anárion. Minas Ithil and [[Ithilien]] across the river [[Anduin]] were named after the [[Moon]], and Isildur.
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But Sauron also survived the Downfall of Númenor and reentered [[Mordor]] in {{SA|3320|n}}.<ref name="SA"/>  In {{SA|3429}} Sauron attacked Gondor with a force great enough to [[Fall of Minas Ithil|take Minas Ithil]] and force Isildur to flee.  Whilst Isildur, his wife and sons sailed from Gondor seeking Elendil’s aid, Anárion defended Osgiliath and was able to drive his forces back into the mountains. Yet Sauron gathered greater strength and Anárion knew that without succor Gondor would fall.<ref name="Rings"/>
  
Gondor was soon attacked by a returned Sauron. In the War of the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]] Anárion defended Gondor and its people, ruling as its regent, while his brother escaped north to join up with Elendil and the [[Elves]]. Defending a land under siege, he successfully defended the [[Exiles of Númenor|Númenórean Exiles]], the earlier settlers, and the indigenous population of Gondor until Elendil, Isildur and [[Gil-galad]] summoned him to take part in the campaign into [[Mordor]]. He fought with distinction in the [[Battle of Dagorlad]] and in the Siege of [[Barad-dûr]], but was slain in 3440 by a stone hurled from the [[Dark Tower]]. Anárion had four children, the youngest of which was a son, [[Meneldil]].
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Aid did arrive when Elendil, Isildur, and the [[Dúnedain of Arnor]], in league with the Elven King [[Gil-Galad]], formed the [[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]] and marched south. Anárion joined his kin in the  
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[[Battle of Dagorlad]] and in the [[Siege of Barad-dûr]], but was slain in {{SA|3440|n}}.<ref name="Elendil">{{PM|Elendil}}</ref>
  
Although his line was originally not destined to rule, his son Meneldil became [[King of Gondor]], as Isildur's heirs only ruled over [[Arnor]]. Isildur is not recorded as having given up his rights over Gondor, and the Line of Anárion may have come to power illegally.
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Anárion had four children, the youngest of which was a son, [[Meneldil]].<ref group="Note">The records only state that Meneldil was Anárion's "4th child"; these would either be daughters or sons who died before Meneldil succeeded his father.</ref>  It is said that he was well-pleased at the departure of Isildur and his sons.<ref name="Gladden"/>  After the [[Battle of the Gladden Fields|Disaster of the Gladden Fields]], Meneldil became [[King of Gondor]] and the two realms in exile were estranged.
  
On the other hand, the title 'High King' remained with the northern line, and even as Gondor grew more mighty than Arnor it remained the younger line. The Line of Anárion slowly dwindled and disappeared over time, until in the end the [[Stewards of Gondor|Ruling Stewards]] denounced the right of any heir of Anárion to ever reclaim the throne, as no one with "pure blood" could be found. This eventually opened the path for [[Aragorn II]] to eventually become king of the [[Reunited Kingdom]].
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The Line of Anárion lasted over two thousand years.  In honor of the founding co-rulers, when [[Rómendacil II]] built the [[Argonath]] he had the Pillars of the Kings carved in the likenesses of Anárion  and Isildur.<ref>{{App|Gondor}}</ref>  Yet the line of Anárion dwindled and finally disappeared when King [[Eärnur]] died childless.  From that time forth the [[Stewards of Gondor|Ruling Stewards]] ruled in the name of the House of Anárion.<ref>{{RK|V7}}</ref>
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
<code>
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{{familytree/start}}
          [[Elendil]]
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{{familytree | | |ELE| | | | |ELE=[[Elendil]]}}
              |
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{{familytree | |,|-|^|-|.| | | |}}
      ________|________
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{{familytree |ISI| |ANA| | | |ISI=[[Isildur]]|ANA='''ANÁRION'''}}
    |                 |
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{{familytree | | | |,|-|^|-|.|}}
    |                 |
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{{familytree | | |THR| |MEN|THR=3 unnamed<br/>children<ref name="Elendil"/>|MEN=[[Meneldil]]}}
  [[Isildur]]           '''ANÁRION'''
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{{familytree | | | | | | | |!| |}}
                      |
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{{familytree | | | | | | |CEM|CEM=[[Cemendur (King of Gondor)|Cemendur]]}}
            ___________|___________
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{{familytree/end}}
          |                       |
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==Note==
          |                       |
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<references group="Note"/>
  ''three unnamed daughters''      [[Meneldil]]
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                                  |    
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== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
                                  |  
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In ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', in Section VII "[[The Heirs of Elendil]]", [[Christopher Tolkien]] explained that there were three manuscripts in the textual history of this section.  Manuscript A contained the information about the Southern Line of Gondor, and from its condition it appeared to be the first stage of composition.  Manuscript B added the Northern Line, and began as a fair copy of A for the Southern line but became heavily emended.  Manuscript B led to Manuscript C, a fine copy (but with later emendations), which led to a final typescript D.  In the earlier Manuscripts A and B, Anárion's date of birth was {{SA|3209}} instead of {{SA|3219}}. It was Isildur who was born in 3219 instead of 3209 and thus Anárion was the ''older'' of Elendil's two sons.<ref name="Elendil"/>
                                [[Cemendur of Gondor|Cemendur]]
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</code>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Númenóreans]]
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{{References}}
[[Category:Dúnedain]]
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Anarion}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:House of Elendil]]
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[[Category:House of Anárion| ]]
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[[Category:Masculine names]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
[[Category:Characters]]
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[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[de:Anárion]]
 
[[de:Anárion]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/anarion]]
 
[[fi:Anárion]]
 
[[fi:Anárion]]

Revision as of 12:26, 4 November 2012

This article is about the son of Elendil. For the King of Númenor, see Tar-Anárion.
Anarion decipher.jpg
Anárion
Númenórean
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Gondor (joint)
LocationNúmenor; Gondor
AffiliationThe Faithful
LanguageQuenya
BirthS.A. 3219
Andúnië, Númenor
RuleS.A. 3320 - 3440 (120 years)
DeathS.A. 3440 (aged 221)
During Siege of Barad-dûr
Family
HouseHouse of Elendil
ParentageElendil
SiblingsIsildur
ChildrenThree unnamed children, Meneldil
Physical Description
GenderMale

Anárion (Q: "sun-son", pron. [aˈnaːri.on], stem Anáriond-) was the second son of Elendil and the brother of Isildur.[1] His son Meneldil was the last man born in Númenor before its Downfall.[2]

History

Anárion, together with his father and brother, were the leaders of the Faithful, the small minority of Númenóreans that resisted the dark rule of King Ar-Pharazôn and his councilor Sauron. In S.A. 3319 when Ar-Pharazôn assailed the land of Aman,[3] nine ships of the Faithful escaped to the east (four for Elendil, three for Isildur, and two for Anárion).[4] They were separated by the great storm that arose during the Downfall. Elendil landed in northern Middle-earth near the Elven kingdom of Lindon and there established the realm of Arnor. Isildur and Anárion, however, landed in the south and founded the realm of Gondor in 3320.[1]

Together, Anárion and Isildur were chiefly responsible for the early ordering of Gondor, and their thrones were set side by side in the Great Hall of Osgiliath. In the citiy of Minas Anor Anárion established his house while Isildur set up his in Minas Ithil.

But Sauron also survived the Downfall of Númenor and reentered Mordor in 3320.[3] In S.A. 3429 Sauron attacked Gondor with a force great enough to take Minas Ithil and force Isildur to flee. Whilst Isildur, his wife and sons sailed from Gondor seeking Elendil’s aid, Anárion defended Osgiliath and was able to drive his forces back into the mountains. Yet Sauron gathered greater strength and Anárion knew that without succor Gondor would fall.[1]

Aid did arrive when Elendil, Isildur, and the Dúnedain of Arnor, in league with the Elven King Gil-Galad, formed the Last Alliance of Elves and Men and marched south. Anárion joined his kin in the Battle of Dagorlad and in the Siege of Barad-dûr, but was slain in 3440.[5]

Anárion had four children, the youngest of which was a son, Meneldil.[Note 1] It is said that he was well-pleased at the departure of Isildur and his sons.[2] After the Disaster of the Gladden Fields, Meneldil became King of Gondor and the two realms in exile were estranged.

The Line of Anárion lasted over two thousand years. In honor of the founding co-rulers, when Rómendacil II built the Argonath he had the Pillars of the Kings carved in the likenesses of Anárion and Isildur.[6] Yet the line of Anárion dwindled and finally disappeared when King Eärnur died childless. From that time forth the Ruling Stewards ruled in the name of the House of Anárion.[7]

Genealogy

 
 
Elendil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isildur
 
ANÁRION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3 unnamed
children[5]
 
Meneldil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cemendur

Note

  1. The records only state that Meneldil was Anárion's "4th child"; these would either be daughters or sons who died before Meneldil succeeded his father.

Other Versions of the Legendarium

In The Peoples of Middle-earth, in Section VII "The Heirs of Elendil", Christopher Tolkien explained that there were three manuscripts in the textual history of this section. Manuscript A contained the information about the Southern Line of Gondor, and from its condition it appeared to be the first stage of composition. Manuscript B added the Northern Line, and began as a fair copy of A for the Southern line but became heavily emended. Manuscript B led to Manuscript C, a fine copy (but with later emendations), which led to a final typescript D. In the earlier Manuscripts A and B, Anárion's date of birth was S.A. 3209 instead of S.A. 3219. It was Isildur who was born in 3219 instead of 3209 and thus Anárion was the older of Elendil's two sons.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", Note 10
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Pyre of Denethor"