Tolkien Gateway

Anduin

(Difference between revisions)
(/ui/ as a diphthong)
m (Re-linked)
(20 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{redirect|Great River|[[The Great River|the chapter]] in ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]''}}
+
{{Sources}}
 +
{{disambig-two|the Great River of Middle-earth|chapter in ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]''|"[[The Great River]]"}}
 
{{location
 
{{location
| image=[[Image:Ted Nasmith - The Argonath.jpg|250px]]
+
| image=[[File:Ted Nasmith - The Argonath.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Anduin
 
| name=Anduin
| othernames=Great River (of Wilderland), Langflood  
+
| othernames=Great River (of Wilderland), Langflood<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, (ii) ''The Ride of Eorl''</ref>
| etymology=''[[and]]'' = "long", ''[[duin]]'' = "large river"
+
| etymology=
 
| type=River
 
| type=River
 
| location=[[Middle-earth]], east of the [[Misty Mountains]] and the [[White Mountains]]
 
| location=[[Middle-earth]], east of the [[Misty Mountains]] and the [[White Mountains]]
 
| inhabitants=Many
 
| inhabitants=Many
| realms=[[Framsburg]], [[Wilderland]], [[Rohan]], [[Gondor]]
+
| realms=[[Framsburg]], [[Rhovanion|Wilderland]], [[Rohan]], [[Gondor]]
 
| description=
 
| description=
 
| events=
 
| events=
 
| references=
 
| references=
|}}{{Pronounce|Sindarin - Anduin.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
+
}}{{Pronounce|Sindarin - Anduin.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
+
{{quote|And it came to pass after many years of journeying in this manner that the [[Eldar]] took their course through a forest, and they came to a '''great river''', wider than any they had yet seen; and beyond it were [[Misty Mountains|mountains]] whose sharp horns seemed to pierce the realm of the stars.|''[[The Silmarillion]]''<ref>{{S|3}}</ref>}}
{{quote|And it came to pass after many years of journeying in this manner that the [[Eldar]] took their course through a forest, and they came to a '''great river''', wider than any they had yet seen; and beyond it were [[Misty Mountains|mountains]] whose sharp horns seemed to pierce the realm of the stars.|''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor]]}}
+
 
'''Anduin''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈanduɪn]}} as two syllables) was the river that crossed most of [[Middle-earth]] east of the [[Misty Mountains]]. Passing through many lands, it had received many names - '''Langflood''' by the ancestors of the [[Rohirrim]], the '''Great River of Wilderland''' in the [[Westron]] of [[Rivendell]] and [[the Shire]], and simply the '''Great River''' in [[Gondor]]. All these names are in recognition of the river's length.
 
'''Anduin''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈanduɪn]}} as two syllables) was the river that crossed most of [[Middle-earth]] east of the [[Misty Mountains]]. Passing through many lands, it had received many names - '''Langflood''' by the ancestors of the [[Rohirrim]], the '''Great River of Wilderland''' in the [[Westron]] of [[Rivendell]] and [[the Shire]], and simply the '''Great River''' in [[Gondor]]. All these names are in recognition of the river's length.
  
Line 23: Line 23:
  
 
==Course==
 
==Course==
The Anduin flowed parallel to the [[Misty Mountains]] in a [[Vales of Anduin|broad vale]] which formed the western part of [[Rhovanion (Region)|Rhovanion]], lying between the mountains and [[Mirkwood]]. After passing [[Lothlórien]], the river and mountains parted company, and the river flowed through the [[Brown Lands]] via the [[North Undeep|North]] and [[South Undeep|South Undeeps]] until it flowed past the [[Emyn Muil]] and the [[Argonath]] and entered [[Nen Hithoel]] through [[Sarn Gebir]], a series of ferocious rapids. Thence it flowed over the Falls of [[Rauros]], and past the [[Mouths of Entwash]] and the marshes known as the [[Nindalf|Wetwang]]. It then passed between the [[White Mountains]] and the [[Ephel Dúath|Mountains of Shadow]] by the capital of [[Gondor]], [[Osgiliath]], before swinging past the harbour of [[Harlond in Gondor|Harlond]] close to the [[Rammas Echor]], south of [[Minas Tirith (Gondor)|Minas Tirith]]. It flowed through the port of [[Pelargir]], entering the Great Sea in the [[Bay of Belfalas]] in a broad delta known as the Mouths of Anduin.
+
The Anduin flowed parallel to the [[Misty Mountains]] in a [[Vales of Anduin|broad vale]] which formed the western part of [[Rhovanion]], lying between the mountains and [[Mirkwood]]. After passing [[Lothlórien]], the river and mountains parted company, and the river flowed through the [[Brown Lands]] via the [[North Undeep|North]] and [[South Undeep|South Undeeps]] until it flowed past the [[Emyn Muil]] and the [[Argonath]] and entered [[Nen Hithoel]] through [[Sarn Gebir]], a series of ferocious rapids. Thence it flowed over the Falls of [[Rauros]], and past the [[Mouths of Entwash]] and the marshes known as the [[Nindalf|Wetwang]]. It then passed between the [[White Mountains]] and the [[Ephel Dúath|Mountains of Shadow]] by the capital of [[Gondor]], [[Osgiliath]], before swinging past the harbour of [[Harlond in Gondor|Harlond]] close to the [[Rammas Echor]], south of [[Minas Tirith]]. It flowed through the port of [[Pelargir]], entering the Great Sea in the [[Bay of Belfalas]] in a broad delta known as the Mouths of Anduin.
  
 
===Tributaries===
 
===Tributaries===
In order from north to south: the [[Rhimdath]] (Rushdown), the [[Gladden|Ninglor]] (Gladden) which joined at the marshes known as the [[Gladden Fields]], the [[Celebrant]] (Silverlode), the River [[Limlight]], the [[Entwash|Onodló]] (Entwash), the [[Morgulduin]], the [[Erui]], the [[Sirith]] and the [[Poros]]. The first five had their sources in the Misty Mountains, the Morgulduin and (presumably) the Poros in the Ephel Dúath on the border of [[Mordor]], and the rest in the White Mountains.  
+
[[File:Mark Poole - Anduin.jpg|thumb|left|''Anduin River'' by Mark Poole]]
 +
In order from north to south: the [[Rhimdath]] (Rushdown), the [[Gladden River|Ninglor]] (Gladden) which joined at the marshes known as the [[Gladden Fields]], the [[Celebrant]] (Silverlode), the River [[Limlight]], the [[Entwash|Onodló]] (Entwash), the [[Morgulduin]], the [[Erui]], the [[Sirith]] and the [[Poros]]. The first five had their sources in the Misty Mountains, the Morgulduin and (presumably) the Poros in the Ephel Dúath on the border of [[Mordor]], and the rest in the White Mountains.  
  
 
===Crossing Points===
 
===Crossing Points===
Line 35: Line 36:
  
 
==Settlements==
 
==Settlements==
During the [[March of the Elves]] in the [[Years of the Trees|Time of the Trees]], the [[Nandor]] left the [[Eldar|Eldarin]] host when faced with
+
During the [[Great March|March of the Elves]] in the [[Years of the Trees|Time of the Trees]], the [[Nandor]] left the [[Eldar|Eldarin]] host when faced with the great heights of the Misty Mountains, and lived in the [[Vales of Anduin]]. Some of those people later left and became the Green-elves of [[Ossiriand]], but Elves remained present even until the time of the War the Ring, strengthed by refugees from [[Beleriand]] (at the end of the [[First Age]]) and [[Eregion]] (during the [[Second Age|Second]]).
the great heights of the Misty Mountains, and lived in the [[Vales of Anduin]]. Some of those people later left and became the Green-elves of [[Ossiriand]], but Elves remained present even until the time of the War the Ring, strengthed by refugees from [[Beleriand]] (at the end of the [[First Age]]) and [[Eregion]] (during the [[Second Age|Second]]).
+
  
Settlements in the Vale of Anduin during the Third Age included the [[Éothéod]] city of [[Framsburg]], [[Rhosgobel]], [[Beorn]]'s Halls and the [[Stoors|Stoor]] settlements near the Gladden Fields. It was in the [[Gladden Fields]] in the northern reaches of Anduin that [[Isildur]] was slain in [[Third Age 2|T.A. 2]] and the [[One Ring]] lost; and it was there, more than two millennia later, that [[Déagol]] found the Ring and [[Sméagol]] took it from him.  
+
Settlements in the Vale of Anduin during the Third Age included the [[Éothéod]] city of [[Framsburg]], [[Rhosgobel]], [[Beorn]]'s Halls and the [[Stoors|Stoor]] settlements near the Gladden Fields. It was in the [[Gladden Fields]] in the northern reaches of Anduin that [[Isildur]] was slain in {{TA|2}} and [[the One Ring]] lost; and it was there, more than two millennia later, that [[Déagol]] found the Ring and [[Sméagol]] took it from him.  
  
Once it had entered Gondor the river flowed past Osgiliath and Minas Tirith and then Pelagir, close to the sea. After the fall of Osgiliath the river effectively marks the eastern limit of Gondor's influence.
+
Once it had entered Gondor the river flowed past Osgiliath and Minas Tirith and then Pelargir, close to the sea. After the fall of Osgiliath the river effectively marks the eastern limit of Gondor's influence.
  
[[Category:Rivers]]
+
==Etymology==
 +
 
 +
''Anduin'' is a [[Sindarin]] name meaning "long river" or "great river", composed of ''[[and]]'' + ''[[duin]]''.<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 11</ref><ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 23</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{references}}
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
+
[[Category:Rivers]]
 +
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 +
 
 
[[de:Anduin]]
 
[[de:Anduin]]
[[fr:encyclo:geographie:eaux:rhovanion:anduin]]
 
 
[[fi:Anduin]]
 
[[fi:Anduin]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo:geographie:eaux:rhovanion:anduin]]

Revision as of 18:32, 4 October 2013

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
This article is about the Great River of Middle-earth. For the chapter in The Fellowship of the Ring, see "The Great River".
Ted Nasmith - The Argonath.jpg
Anduin
Physical Description
TypeRiver
LocationMiddle-earth, east of the Misty Mountains and the White Mountains
RealmsFramsburg, Wilderland, Rohan, Gondor
InhabitantsMany
General Information
Other namesGreat River (of Wilderland), Langflood[1]
"And it came to pass after many years of journeying in this manner that the Eldar took their course through a forest, and they came to a great river, wider than any they had yet seen; and beyond it were mountains whose sharp horns seemed to pierce the realm of the stars."
The Silmarillion[2]

Anduin (S, pron. [ˈanduɪn] as two syllables) was the river that crossed most of Middle-earth east of the Misty Mountains. Passing through many lands, it had received many names - Langflood by the ancestors of the Rohirrim, the Great River of Wilderland in the Westron of Rivendell and the Shire, and simply the Great River in Gondor. All these names are in recognition of the river's length.

It flowed from its source in the Grey and Misty Mountains to the Ethir Anduin in the Great Sea (Belegaer). In her Atlas of Middle-earth, Karen Wynn Fonstad estimated the river had a total run of 1,388 miles.

Contents

Source

The Anduin began as two different streams near where the Misty Mountains met the Grey. These were called the Langwell and the Greylin by the Éothéod when they lived in the triangle of land formed by it. Their old capital Framsburg was built at the confluence of these streams where the Anduin proper began. The Langwell had its source in the Misty Mountains, close to Mount Gundabad, and the Greylin began in the westernmost heights of the Grey Mountains.

Course

The Anduin flowed parallel to the Misty Mountains in a broad vale which formed the western part of Rhovanion, lying between the mountains and Mirkwood. After passing Lothlórien, the river and mountains parted company, and the river flowed through the Brown Lands via the North and South Undeeps until it flowed past the Emyn Muil and the Argonath and entered Nen Hithoel through Sarn Gebir, a series of ferocious rapids. Thence it flowed over the Falls of Rauros, and past the Mouths of Entwash and the marshes known as the Wetwang. It then passed between the White Mountains and the Mountains of Shadow by the capital of Gondor, Osgiliath, before swinging past the harbour of Harlond close to the Rammas Echor, south of Minas Tirith. It flowed through the port of Pelargir, entering the Great Sea in the Bay of Belfalas in a broad delta known as the Mouths of Anduin.

Tributaries

Anduin River by Mark Poole

In order from north to south: the Rhimdath (Rushdown), the Ninglor (Gladden) which joined at the marshes known as the Gladden Fields, the Celebrant (Silverlode), the River Limlight, the Onodló (Entwash), the Morgulduin, the Erui, the Sirith and the Poros. The first five had their sources in the Misty Mountains, the Morgulduin and (presumably) the Poros in the Ephel Dúath on the border of Mordor, and the rest in the White Mountains.

Crossing Points

The Old Forest Road which led from the High Pass into Mirkwood crossed the river at the Old Ford, to the south of Beorn's Halls. There used to be a bridge, this was fortified when Elendil crossed the river to go to war with Sauron, but it had been destroyed by the late Third Age. The only other bridge was in Osgiliath, but during the late Third Age, this was broken by forces of Mordor.

Islands

The principal islands appear to have been Cair Andros, on the borders of Ithilien and Tol Brandir in Nen Hithoel. Carrock, in the north was where the Eagles deposited Thorin and Company. There was also an eyot, where the Fellowship rested during their travel between Lórien and Parth Galen.

Settlements

During the March of the Elves in the Time of the Trees, the Nandor left the Eldarin host when faced with the great heights of the Misty Mountains, and lived in the Vales of Anduin. Some of those people later left and became the Green-elves of Ossiriand, but Elves remained present even until the time of the War the Ring, strengthed by refugees from Beleriand (at the end of the First Age) and Eregion (during the Second).

Settlements in the Vale of Anduin during the Third Age included the Éothéod city of Framsburg, Rhosgobel, Beorn's Halls and the Stoor settlements near the Gladden Fields. It was in the Gladden Fields in the northern reaches of Anduin that Isildur was slain in T.A. 2 and the One Ring lost; and it was there, more than two millennia later, that Déagol found the Ring and Sméagol took it from him.

Once it had entered Gondor the river flowed past Osgiliath and Minas Tirith and then Pelargir, close to the sea. After the fall of Osgiliath the river effectively marks the eastern limit of Gondor's influence.

Etymology

Anduin is a Sindarin name meaning "long river" or "great river", composed of and + duin.[3][4]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", (ii) The Ride of Eorl
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  3. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 11
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 23