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Ar-Adûnakhôr

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'''Ar-Adûnakhôr''' ([[Second Age]] 2709 – 2962, aged 253 years), born '''Herunúmen''', was the twentieth [[King of Númenor]], ruling for 63 years, from Second Age 2899 until his death.  
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'''Ar-Adûnakhôr''' ([[Second Age]] 2709 – 2962, aged 253 years), was the twentieth [[King of Númenor]], ruling for 63 years, from Second Age 2899 until his death.  
  
When Herunúmen became King, he refused to accept his [[Quenya]] name and always ruled under the [[Adûnaic]] Ar-Adûnakhôr. While his immediate forefathers had changed their names from Quenya to Adûnaic, they had always taken up the [[Sceptre]] under a Quenya name. Ar-Adûnakhôr, however, did away with that tradition, spurning the [[Elves]] and the [[Valar]]. He banned the speaking and teaching of Quenya throughout his Kingdom. Though ships still arrived from [[Tol Eressëa]] in the [[West]], they only did so in secret.
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When Ar-Adûnakhôr became King, he took his name in [[Adûnaic]]. He was the first of the Kings of Númenor to do this; although most of the Númenóreans had stopped using the [[Elven tongues]] generations before, it was still customary for the Kings to take their royal names in [[Quenya]]. This break with tradition, along with the very meaning of the name itself (''Adûnakhôr'' signifed "Lord of the West" and properly referred to [[Manwë]] the Elder King) antagonized those of the Númenóreans who were still loyal to the [[Valar]] (called the [[Faithful]]). To the Faihful, the choosing of this name represented outright blasphemy and a direct challenge to the rightful leadership of the Valar.
  
Adûnakhôr means "Lord of the West", the same honorarium of [[Manwë]], King of the [[Valar]]. This was very presumptuous and correctly seen as a direct challenge to the Valar.
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In addition to taking an Adûnaic name, Ar-Adûnakhôr forbade the speaking of the Elven tongues in his presence. Because of the cold feelings of Ar-Adûnakhôr and [King's Men|most of his people] to the [[Eldar]] and the [[Valar]], [[Elven]] ships came from [[Tol Eressëa]] to the west of Númenor only seldom and in secret.
  
 
Had Ar-Adûnakhôr taken a Quenya name, he would have ruled as '''Tar-Herunúmen'''.
 
Had Ar-Adûnakhôr taken a Quenya name, he would have ruled as '''Tar-Herunúmen'''.
 
Ar-Adûnakhôr is [[Adûnaic]] for 'Lord of the West' ([[adûn]] = 'west')
 
  
 
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Revision as of 06:48, 9 October 2006

Ar-Adûnakhôr (Second Age 2709 – 2962, aged 253 years), was the twentieth King of Númenor, ruling for 63 years, from Second Age 2899 until his death.

When Ar-Adûnakhôr became King, he took his name in Adûnaic. He was the first of the Kings of Númenor to do this; although most of the Númenóreans had stopped using the Elven tongues generations before, it was still customary for the Kings to take their royal names in Quenya. This break with tradition, along with the very meaning of the name itself (Adûnakhôr signifed "Lord of the West" and properly referred to Manwë the Elder King) antagonized those of the Númenóreans who were still loyal to the Valar (called the Faithful). To the Faihful, the choosing of this name represented outright blasphemy and a direct challenge to the rightful leadership of the Valar.

In addition to taking an Adûnaic name, Ar-Adûnakhôr forbade the speaking of the Elven tongues in his presence. Because of the cold feelings of Ar-Adûnakhôr and [King's Men|most of his people] to the Eldar and the Valar, Elven ships came from Tol Eressëa to the west of Númenor only seldom and in secret.

Had Ar-Adûnakhôr taken a Quenya name, he would have ruled as Tar-Herunúmen.

Preceded by:
Ar-Abattârik
20th King of Númenor
II 2899 – 2962
Followed by:
Ar-Zimrathôn