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Ar-Gimilzôr

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'''Ar-Gimilzôr''' ([[Second Age]] 2960 3177, aged 217 years) was the twenty-third King of [[Númenor]] and the grandfather of [[Ar-Pharazôn]], the last King. He was a great enemy of the [[Faithful]], and persecuted them during his reign because he was suspicious of their ties to the [[Elves]] of [[Tol Eressëa]].
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__NOTOC__
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{{numenorean infobox
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| image=
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| name=Ar-Gimilzôr
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| othernames=''Tar-Telemnar'' ([[Quenya|Q]])
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| titles=[[King of Númenor]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Númenor]]
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| affiliation=[[King's Men]]
 +
| language=[[Adûnaic]]
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| birth={{SA|2960}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule={{SA|3102}} - {{SA|3177|n}} (75 years)
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| death={{SA|3177}}
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| deathlocation=
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| age=217
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| house=[[House of Elros]]
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| parentage=[[Ar-Sakalthôr]]
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| siblings=
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| spouse=[[Inzilbêth]]
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| children=[[Tar-Palantir|Inziladûn]] and [[Gimilkhâd]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
 +
| hair=
 +
| eyes=
 +
| clothing=
 +
| weapons=
 +
| steed=
 +
}}'''Ar-Gimilzôr''' was the twenty-third [[King of Númenor|King]] of [[Númenor]] and the grandfather of [[Ar-Pharazôn]], the last King. He was a great enemy of the [[Faithful]], and persecuted them during his reign because he was suspicious of their ties to the [[Elves]] of [[Tol Eressëa]].<ref name="Kings">{{UT|Kings}}, </ref>
  
Ar-Gimilzôr completely outlawed the use of the [[Elven tongues]] once he came to power. In addition, he punished those of the Faithful who still welcomed the Elven ships that came from Eressëa, because he considered these Elves to be the "spies of the [[Valar]]", whose influence he despised. Eventually, Ar-Gimilzôr's distrust of the Faithful caused him to exile them to the east of Númenor, near the haven of [[Rómenna]]. There he kept them under surveillance.
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Ar-Gimilzôr completely outlawed the use of the [[Elvish|Elven tongues]] once he came to power. In addition, he punished those of the Faithful who still welcomed the Elven ships that came from Eressëa, because he considered these Elves to be the "spies of the [[Valar]]", whose influence he despised. Eventually, Ar-Gimilzôr's distrust of the Faithful caused him to exile them to the east of Númenor, near the haven of [[Rómenna]]. There he kept them under surveillance.
  
Because of Gimilzôr's treatment of them, the Faithful began leaving Númenor in increasing numbers and settling near [[Pelargir]], their haven in [[Middle-earth]]. However, those who stayed in Númenor until its [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]] would eventually be grateful for one of Gimilzôr's policies: the chief population of the Faithful had been in the west of Númenor before the King had commanded them to move east. Because the Faithful came to the eastern side of the island before the destruction of Númenor, they were able to escape the disaster and sail to Middle-earth.
+
Because of Ar-Gimilzôr's harsh treatment of them, the Faithful began leaving Númenor in increasing numbers and settling near [[Pelargir]], their haven in [[Middle-earth]]. However, those who stayed in Númenor until its [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]] would eventually be grateful for one of Ar-Gimilzôr's policies: the chief population of the Faithful had been in the west of Númenor before the King had commanded them to move east. Because the Faithful came to the eastern side of the island before the destruction of Númenor, they were able to escape the disaster and sail to Middle-earth.<ref>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>
  
Gimilzôr married a woman "of great beauty", whose name was [[Inzilbêth]]. He did not know at the time that she herself was of the Faithful, and thus later in their marriage "there was small love between them". Inzilbêth passed on her beliefs to their elder son [[Inziladûn]], whereas their second son [[Gimilkhâd]] was much more like his father. Ar-Gimilzôr would thus have preferred to see the Sceptre go to the hand of his younger son, but he could not change the laws of [[Númenor]], and was succeeded by [[Inziladûn]], who took the [[Quenya]] name of [[Tar-Palantir]].
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In addition to his heavy-handed policies against the Faithful, Ar-Gimilzôr completely neglected traditions long held even by the rebellious Kings before him, such as the tending of the [[Nimloth of Númenor|White Tree]] of Númenor. The beautiful Tree, a symbol of the ancient friendship between Númenor and [[Undying Lands|the West]], fell into a decline. Ar-Gimilzôr was also the first of the Kings to never ascend the [[Meneltarma]] and display reverence to [[Ilúvatar|Eru]].
  
Had Ar-Gimilzôr taken a Quenya name, he would have ruled as '''Tar-Telemnar'''.
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Ar-Gimilzôr wed a woman "of great beauty", whose name was [[Inzilbêth]]. He did not know at the time that she herself was of the Faithful, and thus later in their marriage "there was small love between them". Inzilbêth passed on her beliefs to their elder son [[Inziladûn]], whereas their second son [[Gimilkhâd]] was much more like his father. Ar-Gimilzôr would thus have preferred to see the [[Sceptre]] go to the hand of his younger son, but he could not change the laws of [[Númenor]], and was succeeded by [[Inziladûn]], who took the [[Quenya]] name of [[Tar-Palantir]].<ref name="Kings"/>
  
{{sequence
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==Etymology==
|prev=[[Ar-Sakalthôr]]
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''Gimilzôr'' in [[Adûnaic]] means "star flame" (''[[gimil]]'' "silver" and ''[[zôr]]'' "flame"); which in [[Quenya]] is Tar-Telemnar
|next=[[Tar-Palantir]]
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|list=23rd [[King of Númenor]]<br><code>II</code> 3102 3177
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''Gimilzôr'' is also given as the Adûnaic name of [[Elros]] "star-foam" Since ''zôr'' also means "foam".
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== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | | |VAL| | | | | | |VAL=[[Valandil (Lord of Andúnië)|Valandil]]}}
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{{familytree | | | |:| | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | |:| | | | |CAL|CAL=[[Tar-Calmacil]]}}
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{{familytree | | | |:| | | |F|~|C| |}}
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{{familytree | |F|~|A|~|7| |:| |:| |}}
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{{familytree |EAR| |LIN|:|SAK|EAR=[[Eärendur (Lord of Andúnië)|Eärendur]]|LIN=[[Lindórië]]|SAK=[[Ar-Sakalthôr]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | |]|~|J| |!| |}}
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{{familytree | | | | |INZ|y|GIM|INZ=[[Inzilbêth]]|GIM='''AR-GIMILZÔR'''}}
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{{familytree | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree | | | | |PAL| |GMK|PAL=[[Inziladûn]],<br/>[[Tar-Palantir]]|GMK=[[Gimilkhâd]]}}
 +
{{familytree/end}}
 +
 
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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Ar-Gimilzôr's date of death is given by the [[Appendix B|Tale of Years]] as [[Second Age 3175]]<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> but by [[The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor]] as [[Second Age 3177]].<ref name="Kings"/>
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{{References}}
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
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| race=numenorean
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| house=[[House of Elros]]
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| born={{SA|2960}}
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| died={{SA|3177}}
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}}
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{{seq
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| prev=[[Ar-Sakalthôr]]
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| list=23rd [[King of Númenor]]
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| dates={{SA|3102}} - {{SA|3177|n}}
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| next=[[Tar-Palantir]]
 
}}
 
}}
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{{seq-end}}
  
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Gimilzor}}
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[[Category:House of Elros]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
[[Category:Númenóreans]]
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[[Category:King's Men]]
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[[de:Ar-Gimilzôr]]
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[[fa:آر-گیمیل‌زور]]
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[[fr:/encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/ar-gimilzor]]
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[[fi:Ar-Gimilzôr]]

Revision as of 12:27, 4 November 2012

Ar-Gimilzôr
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other namesTar-Telemnar (Q)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
AffiliationKing's Men
LanguageAdûnaic
BirthS.A. 2960
RuleS.A. 3102 - 3177 (75 years)
DeathS.A. 3177 (aged 217)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageAr-Sakalthôr
SpouseInzilbêth
ChildrenInziladûn and Gimilkhâd
Physical Description
GenderMale
Ar-Gimilzôr was the twenty-third King of Númenor and the grandfather of Ar-Pharazôn, the last King. He was a great enemy of the Faithful, and persecuted them during his reign because he was suspicious of their ties to the Elves of Tol Eressëa.[1]

Ar-Gimilzôr completely outlawed the use of the Elven tongues once he came to power. In addition, he punished those of the Faithful who still welcomed the Elven ships that came from Eressëa, because he considered these Elves to be the "spies of the Valar", whose influence he despised. Eventually, Ar-Gimilzôr's distrust of the Faithful caused him to exile them to the east of Númenor, near the haven of Rómenna. There he kept them under surveillance.

Because of Ar-Gimilzôr's harsh treatment of them, the Faithful began leaving Númenor in increasing numbers and settling near Pelargir, their haven in Middle-earth. However, those who stayed in Númenor until its Downfall would eventually be grateful for one of Ar-Gimilzôr's policies: the chief population of the Faithful had been in the west of Númenor before the King had commanded them to move east. Because the Faithful came to the eastern side of the island before the destruction of Númenor, they were able to escape the disaster and sail to Middle-earth.[2]

In addition to his heavy-handed policies against the Faithful, Ar-Gimilzôr completely neglected traditions long held even by the rebellious Kings before him, such as the tending of the White Tree of Númenor. The beautiful Tree, a symbol of the ancient friendship between Númenor and the West, fell into a decline. Ar-Gimilzôr was also the first of the Kings to never ascend the Meneltarma and display reverence to Eru.

Ar-Gimilzôr wed a woman "of great beauty", whose name was Inzilbêth. He did not know at the time that she herself was of the Faithful, and thus later in their marriage "there was small love between them". Inzilbêth passed on her beliefs to their elder son Inziladûn, whereas their second son Gimilkhâd was much more like his father. Ar-Gimilzôr would thus have preferred to see the Sceptre go to the hand of his younger son, but he could not change the laws of Númenor, and was succeeded by Inziladûn, who took the Quenya name of Tar-Palantir.[1]

Etymology

Gimilzôr in Adûnaic means "star flame" (gimil "silver" and zôr "flame"); which in Quenya is Tar-Telemnar

Gimilzôr is also given as the Adûnaic name of Elros "star-foam" Since zôr also means "foam".

Genealogy

 
 
Valandil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Calmacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eärendur
 
Lindórië
 
 
Ar-Sakalthôr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inzilbêth
 
AR-GIMILZÔR
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inziladûn,
Tar-Palantir
 
Gimilkhâd


Other versions of the legendarium

Ar-Gimilzôr's date of death is given by the Tale of Years as Second Age 3175[3] but by The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor as Second Age 3177.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor",
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
Ar-Gimilzôr
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 2960 Died: S.A. 3177
Preceded by:
Ar-Sakalthôr
23rd King of Númenor
S.A. 3102 - 3177
Followed by:
Tar-Palantir