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Araval

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'''Araval''' ('Lord of Power'; [[ara]] = lord, [[vala]] = power) was the son of [[Arveleg II]] was born into a time of war and strife. At the time of his birth, his father's realm of [[Arthedain]] had been under threat from the eastern land of [[Angmar]] for more than four hundred years.
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{{arnorian infobox
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| image=
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| name=Araval
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| othernames=
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| titles=[[King of Arthedain]]
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| position=
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| location=[[Arthedain]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=[[Sindarin]], [[Westron]]
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| birth={{TA|1711}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule={{TA|1813}} - {{TA|1891|n}}
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| death={{TA|1891}}
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| deathlocation=
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| age=180
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| house=[[House of Isildur]]
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| parentage=[[Arveleg II]]
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| siblings=
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| spouse=
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| children=[[Araphant]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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'''Araval''' ({{TA|1711}} - {{TA|1891|n}},<ref name=North>{{App|North}}</ref> died aged 180) was thirteenth king of [[Arthedain]], coming to the throne in 1813 after the death of his father, [[Arveleg II]].<ref name=Elendil>{{PM|Elendil}}, pp. 195, 209-210</ref>
  
Araval, too, played his part in the war with [[Angmar]]. [[The Lord of the Rings]] tells us nothing of his career, but [[The History of Middle-earth]] hints (in volume 12) that he was a diplomat and a warrior. In alliance with the [[Elves]] of [[Lindon]] and [[Imladris]], he won at least one important victory over the [[Witch-king of Angmar]]. We are also told that he attempted the recolonisation of [[Cardolan]], though this was prevented by the evil beings, the wights, sent there by the Witch-king some two centuries before.  
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==History==
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When Araval came to the throne Arthedain had been at war with [[Angmar]] for 400 years, and the [[Dúnedain]] had achieved very little in preventing the power of this old enemy from spreading.  
  
In the end, though, Araval's bravery counted for little. His grandson [[Arvedui]], who was born in Araval's lifetime and just thirteen years after his great victory, was to see the final destruction of the kingdom of [[Arthedain]].  
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Araval, in coalition with the [[Elves]] of [[Lindon]] and [[Rivendell]], went to battle with the forces of Angmar in {{TA|1851}} and returned victorious. After this victory, Araval attempted to re-occupy [[Cardolan]], but the "evil [[wights]]" (likely referring to the [[Barrow-wights]]) terrified anyone who attempted to dwell there.<ref name=Elendil/>
  
Araval ruled [[Arthedain]] for seventy-eight years, and was succeeded by his son [[Araphant]].  
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Unfortunately, Araval's victory was of no avail in the long term: under [[Araphant]], Araval's son, Angmar recovered and continued its attacks on Arnor; and under [[Arvedui]], Araval's grandson, Angmar finally defeated Arthedain, laying Arnor to waste and scattering the remnants of the Dúnedain.
  
[[Category:Dúnedain of the North]]
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Araval ruled Arthedain for seventy-eight years, and was succeeded by his son [[Araphant]] upon his death in 1891.<ref name=Elendil/><ref name=North/>
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== Etymology ==
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There are two suggested etymologies for Araval's name:
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#[[Sindarin]] for "Lord of Power" from ''[[Ara|ara-]]'' meaning "royal, king", and ''[[balan|bal]]'' meaning "power".<ref>[[Ruth S. Noel]], ''[[The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth]]''</ref>
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#Sindarin for "Golden King"<ref>[[Jim Allan]], ''[[An Introduction to Elvish]]'', p. 72</ref> or "King of Gold"<ref>[[David Salo]], [[Elfling]] message [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/30680 30680 (20 November 2004)] and [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/30687 30687 (20 November 2004)]; the guess is supported by noting the similarity with ''[[Argeleb]]'', "Lord of Silver"</ref> from ''[[Ara|ara-]]'' meaning "royal, king", and ''mal'' meaning "gold".
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In both cases, ''b'' and ''m'' are [[Lenition|lenited]] to ''v''.
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Considering his [[#Other versions of the legendarium|earlier name]] ''Arvallen'' (''[[mallen]]'', "golden"), the second interpretation is more likely.
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== Other versions of the legendarium ==
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In another manuscript, Araval is said to have driven the evil wights north. An early name for Araval was ''Arvallen''.<ref name=Elendil/>
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== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | |ISI| | ISI=[[Isildur]]}}
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{{familytree | | |:| |}}
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{{familytree | | |:| |}}
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{{familytree | |ARV| | ARV= [[Arveleg II]]}}
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{{familytree | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree | |ARA| | ARA='''ARAVAL'''}}
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{{familytree | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree | |ARA| | ARA=[[Araphant]]}}
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{{familytree | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree | |ARA| | ARA=[[Arvedui]]}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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{{references}}
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{{Sequence
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|prev=[[Arveleg II]]
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|next=[[Araphant]]
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|list=13th [[Kings of Arnor|King of Arthedain]]<br>{{TA|1813}} - {{TA|1891|n}}
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|}}{{northernline}}
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[[Category:House of Isildur]]
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[[Category:Rulers of Arthedain]]
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[[Category:Sindarin names]]
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[[de:Araval]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/3a/dunedain/dunedain_du_nord/araval]]
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[[fi:Araval]]

Revision as of 10:47, 11 August 2013

Araval
Arnorian
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Arthedain
LocationArthedain
LanguageSindarin, Westron
BirthT.A. 1711
RuleT.A. 1813 - 1891
DeathT.A. 1891 (aged 180)
Family
HouseHouse of Isildur
ParentageArveleg II
ChildrenAraphant
Physical Description
GenderMale

Araval (T.A. 1711 - 1891,[1] died aged 180) was thirteenth king of Arthedain, coming to the throne in 1813 after the death of his father, Arveleg II.[2]

Contents

History

When Araval came to the throne Arthedain had been at war with Angmar for 400 years, and the Dúnedain had achieved very little in preventing the power of this old enemy from spreading.

Araval, in coalition with the Elves of Lindon and Rivendell, went to battle with the forces of Angmar in T.A. 1851 and returned victorious. After this victory, Araval attempted to re-occupy Cardolan, but the "evil wights" (likely referring to the Barrow-wights) terrified anyone who attempted to dwell there.[2]

Unfortunately, Araval's victory was of no avail in the long term: under Araphant, Araval's son, Angmar recovered and continued its attacks on Arnor; and under Arvedui, Araval's grandson, Angmar finally defeated Arthedain, laying Arnor to waste and scattering the remnants of the Dúnedain.

Araval ruled Arthedain for seventy-eight years, and was succeeded by his son Araphant upon his death in 1891.[2][1]

Etymology

There are two suggested etymologies for Araval's name:

  1. Sindarin for "Lord of Power" from ara- meaning "royal, king", and bal meaning "power".[3]
  2. Sindarin for "Golden King"[4] or "King of Gold"[5] from ara- meaning "royal, king", and mal meaning "gold".

In both cases, b and m are lenited to v.

Considering his earlier name Arvallen (mallen, "golden"), the second interpretation is more likely.

Other versions of the legendarium

In another manuscript, Araval is said to have driven the evil wights north. An early name for Araval was Arvallen.[2]

Genealogy

 
Isildur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arveleg II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ARAVAL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Araphant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arvedui
 

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", pp. 195, 209-210
  3. Ruth S. Noel, The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth
  4. Jim Allan, An Introduction to Elvish, p. 72
  5. David Salo, Elfling message 30680 (20 November 2004) and 30687 (20 November 2004); the guess is supported by noting the similarity with Argeleb, "Lord of Silver"
Preceded by:
Arveleg II
13th King of Arthedain
T.A. 1813 - 1891
Followed by:
Araphant