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Biographical Information
PositionKing of Arthedain
BirthT.A. 1711
RuleT.A. 1813 - T.A. 1891
DeathT.A. 1891, aged 180 years
ParentageArveleg I
Physical Description

Araval (T.A. 1711 - 1891, died aged 180) was thirteenth king of Arthedain, coming to the throne in 1813 after the death of his father, Arveleg II.[1][2]



When Araval came to the throne Arthedain had been at war with Angmar for 400 years, and the Dúnedain had done very little to prevent the power of this old enemy spreading.

Araval, in coalition with the Elves of Lindon and Rivendell, went to battle with the forces of Angmar in T.A. 1851 and returned victorious. After this victory, Araval attempted to re-occupy Cardolan, but the "evil wights" (likely referring to the Barrow-wights) terrified anyone who attempted to dwell there.[1]

Unfortunately, Araval's victory was of no avail in the long term: under Araphant, Araval's son, Angmar recovers and continues its attacks on Arnor; and under Arvedui, Araval's grandson, Angmar finally defeats Arthedain, laying Arnor to waste and scattering the remnants of the Dúnedain.

Araval ruled Arthedain for seventy-eight years, and was succeeded by his son Araphant upon his death in 1891.[1][2]


There are two suggested etymologies for Araval's name:

  1. Sindarin for "Lord of Power" from ara- meaning "royal, king", and bal meaning "power".[3]
  2. Sindarin for "Golden King"[4] or "King of Gold"[5] from ara- meaning "royal, king", and mal meaning "gold".

In both cases, b and m are lenited to v.

Considering his earlier name Arvallen (mallen, "golden"), the second interpretation is more likely.

Other versions of the legendarium

In another manuscript, Araval is said to have driven the evil wights north. An early name for Araval was Arvallen.[1]


Arveleg II


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", pp. 195, 209-210
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  3. Ruth S. Noel, The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-earth
  4. Jim Allan, An Introduction to Elvish, p. 72
  5. David Salo, Elfling message 30680 (20 November 2004) and 30687 (20 November 2004); the guess is supported by noting the similarity with Argeleb, "Lord of Silver"
Preceded by:
Arveleg II
13th King of Arthedain
T.A. 1813 - T.A. 1891
Followed by: