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Armenelos

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| image=[[Image:Jef Murray - Armenelos the golden.jpg|250px]]
 
| image=[[Image:Jef Murray - Armenelos the golden.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Armenelos
 
| name=Armenelos
| othernames="the Golden," City of the Kings
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| othernames=The Golden,[[City of the Kings]]
| etymology=[[S.]] ''[[ar]]'' "royal" + ''[[menel]]'' "heaven" + ''[[os]]'' "fortress"
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| etymology=
 
| type=City
 
| type=City
 
| location=[[Arandor]], nigh [[Meneltarma]]
 
| location=[[Arandor]], nigh [[Meneltarma]]
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| description=Mighty city, capital of [[Númenor]]
 
| description=Mighty city, capital of [[Númenor]]
 
| events=[[Downfall of Númenor]]
 
| events=[[Downfall of Númenor]]
| references=''[[Akallabêth]]''
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}}
|}}
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{{Pronounce|Armenelos.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Armenelos.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Armenelos''' ('Royal Heaven-fortress'; [[ar]] = high, noble, royal, [[menel]] = heaven, [[os]] = fortress) '''the Golden''', refered to as ''[[City of the Kings|The City of Kings]]'', was the capital and (in later years) the largest city of [[Númenor]].  The name contains the elements Ar(a)- (high, kingly), [[Menel]] (heaven), and Os(t) (city, fortress).
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'''Armenelos the Golden''', referred to as [[City of the Kings|The City of Kings]], was the capital and (in later years) the largest city of [[Númenor]].
  
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==History==
 
It was situated in eastern central [[Númenor]], in the district called [[Arandor]], the Kingsland, close to [[Meneltarma]] and the haven of [[Rómenna]].
 
It was situated in eastern central [[Númenor]], in the district called [[Arandor]], the Kingsland, close to [[Meneltarma]] and the haven of [[Rómenna]].
  
 
It was founded as far back as the end of the [[First Age]], when the [[Edain]] first migrated to the island. Conceivably [[Arandor]] was the first district they settled after landing in a firth that later led to the haven of [[Rómenna]].
 
It was founded as far back as the end of the [[First Age]], when the [[Edain]] first migrated to the island. Conceivably [[Arandor]] was the first district they settled after landing in a firth that later led to the haven of [[Rómenna]].
  
Armenelos contained the royal palace, the ''King's House'', reportedly built with the help of the [[Maiar]]. Its finishing, together with the coronation of [[Elros]] in 32 S.A. marked the beginning of the Númenorean realm.
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Armenelos contained the royal palace, the [[King's House]], reportedly built with the help of the [[Maiar]]. Its finishing, together with the coronation of [[Elros]] in {{SA|32}} marked the beginning of the [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] realm.
  
==References==  
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==Etymology==
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[[Helge Fauskanger]] has suggested that ''Armenelos'' is a [[Quenya]] name.<ref>[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/quenya.htm Quenya - the Ancient Tongue] at [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/ Ardalambion] (accessed 25 September 2011)</ref>
  
*''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Akallabêth]]
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At early stages of writing, this city was called by other names:
*''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[A Description of the Island of Númenor]]
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*''Ar-Minalêth'', an [[Adûnaic]] name (it is uncertain whether this name was deleted or not).
*''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife]]
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*''Númenos'' (also at first used of what became ''Númenor'')<ref name=Fall>{{LR|Fall}}, pp. 11, 14, 19, 30</ref>
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*''Númar''<ref name=Fall/> or ''Nûmar''<ref>{{VT|45a}}, p. 26</ref> (also at first used of what became ''Númenor'')
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{{references}}<small>
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* {{S|Akallabeth}}
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* {{UT|Numenor}}
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* {{UT|Wife}}
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* {{HM|SD}}, "[[The Drowning of Anadûnê]]"
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</small>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Armenelos|Images of Armenelos]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Armenelos|Images of Armenelos]]
  
[[Category:Cities in Númenor]]
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[[Category:Númenor]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
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[[Category:Quenya locations]]
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[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
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[[de:Armenelos]]
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[[fi:Armenelos]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/villes_tours_et_forteresses/numenor/armenelos]]

Latest revision as of 17:12, 14 October 2012

Jef Murray - Armenelos the golden.jpg
Armenelos
Physical Description
TypeCity
LocationArandor, nigh Meneltarma
RealmsNúmenor
InhabitantsNúmenóreans
DescriptionMighty city, capital of Númenor
General Information
Other namesThe Golden,City of the Kings
EventsDownfall of Númenor

Armenelos the Golden, referred to as The City of Kings, was the capital and (in later years) the largest city of Númenor.

Contents

[edit] History

It was situated in eastern central Númenor, in the district called Arandor, the Kingsland, close to Meneltarma and the haven of Rómenna.

It was founded as far back as the end of the First Age, when the Edain first migrated to the island. Conceivably Arandor was the first district they settled after landing in a firth that later led to the haven of Rómenna.

Armenelos contained the royal palace, the King's House, reportedly built with the help of the Maiar. Its finishing, together with the coronation of Elros in S.A. 32 marked the beginning of the Númenórean realm.

[edit] Etymology

Helge Fauskanger has suggested that Armenelos is a Quenya name.[1]

At early stages of writing, this city was called by other names:

  • Ar-Minalêth, an Adûnaic name (it is uncertain whether this name was deleted or not).
  • Númenos (also at first used of what became Númenor)[2]
  • Númar[2] or Nûmar[3] (also at first used of what became Númenor)

[edit] References

  1. Quenya - the Ancient Tongue at Ardalambion (accessed 25 September 2011)
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: The Fall of Númenor and The Lost Road", pp. 11, 14, 19, 30
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 26

[edit] See also