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Jef Murray - Armenelos the golden.jpg
General Information
Other namesThe Golden, City of the Kings
LocationArandor, nigh Meneltarma
DescriptionMighty city, capital of Númenor
People and History
EventsDownfall of Númenor
GalleryImages of Armenelos

Armenelos the Golden, referred to as The City of Kings, was the capital and (in later years) the largest city of Númenor.

It was situated on a hill in eastern central Númenor, in the district called Arandor, the Kingsland, close to Meneltarma and the haven of Rómenna. Armenelos contained the royal palace, the King's House, reportedly built with the help of the Maiar, with Nimloth.



It was founded as far back as the end of the First Age, when the Edain first migrated to the island. Conceivably Arandor was the first district they settled after landing in a firth that later led to the haven of Rómenna.

Its finishing, together with the coronation of Elros in S.A. 32 marked the beginning of the Númenórean realm.

In the later years Armelenos became the largest city of the island as Andúnië declined. The Temple was built there by Sauron.


The name is obviously Quenya and possibly means "royal-heaven-fortress"[1] analyzed as ar- + menel + ost.

The Adûnaic name is Ar-Minalêth[2] which appears to be a direct translation of the Quenya name, analyzed as ar- + minul (Adûnaic name of menel).[3]

At early stages of writing, this city was called by other names: Númenos,[4] Númar[4] or Nûmar[5] (at first used of what became Númenor)


  1. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Armenelos"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The History of the Akallabêth", p. 145
  3. Helge Fauskanger, "Adûnaic", Ardalambion (accessed 20 October 2018)
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: The Fall of Númenor and The Lost Road", pp. 11, 14, 19, 30
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 26

See also