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Arthedain

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{{expansion}}{{sources}}
 
 
{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image =[[Image:Arthedain.jpg|250px]]  
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| image=[[Image:Arthedain.jpg|250px]]
| name = Arthedain
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| name=Arthedain
| meaning = "Realm of the [[Edain]]"
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| meaning="Realm of the [[Edain]]"
| type = Monarchy
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| type=Monarchy
| headofstate = [[King of Arthedain]]
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| hidep=yes
| executive =  
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| headofstate=[[King of Arthedain]]
| legislative =  
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| executive=  
| judicial =  
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| legislative=  
| capital = [[Annúminas]]/[[Fornost]]
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| judicial=  
| language = Presumed to be [[Westron]] or [[Sindarin]]
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| capital=[[Fornost]]
| location = Northern [[Eriador]] west of the [[Baranduin]] and along the line of the [[Weather Hills]]
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| language=[[Westron]]
| populace= The [[Dúnedain]] in exile.
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| location=Northwestern [[Eriador]] west of the [[Baranduin]] and along the line of the [[Weather Hills]]
| currency =  
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| populace=[[Men]] and [[Hobbits]]
| religious =  
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| currency=  
| holiday =  
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| religious=Belief in [[Ilúvatar|Eru Ilúvatar]]
| anthem =  
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| holiday=  
| formed =  
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| anthem=  
| established ={{TA|861}}
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| formed=Dissolution of [[Arnor]]
| reorganized =  
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| established={{TA|861}}
| fragmented =  
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| reorganized=
| dissolved ={{TA|1974}}  
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| fragmented=  
| restored =  
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| dissolved={{TA|1974}}
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| restored=  
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{Pronounce|Arthedain.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Arthedain.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Arthedain''' was one of the three kingdoms of [[Middle-earth]] that resulted from the breakup of [[Arnor]] during the [[Third Age]].
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'''Arthedain''' was one of the three realms of the [[Dúnedain]] created from the fragmentation of the kingdom of [[Arnor]]. After the death of Arnor's King [[Eärendur (King of Arnor)|Eärendur]], his sons divided the realm into the kingdoms of Arthedain, [[Rhudaur]] and [[Cardolan]].
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==Description==
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Arthedain lay primarily between the [[Lhûn]] and the [[Brandywine]] in northwestern [[Eriador]]. However, it also claimed the land north of the [[Great East Road]] from the [[Brandywine Bridge]] to the [[Weather Hills]].<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref> Notable features within Arthedain were the [[Hills of Evendim]], [[Lake Evendim]], [[North Downs]], [[Tower Hills]], [[Far Downs]], [[White Downs]], [[the Shire]], [[Annúminas]], and [[Fornost]].<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
During the reign of [[Eärendur (King of Arnor)|Eärendur]] his sons were in open discord, which erupted into civil war after Eärendur's death in {{TA|861}}. [[Amlaith]], the true heir to the throne of Arnor, was opposed by his two brothers. Unable to resolve the situation, he was reduced to ruling the region of Arthedain, which consisted approximately of the lands west of [[Baranduin|Baranduin River]] and north of the [[Great East Road]]. His brothers created the kingdoms of [[Cardolan]] and [[Rhudaur]] to the south.
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After the tenth king of Arnor, Eärendur, died in {{TA|861}},<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> dissensions between his sons fractured the realm. Arnor was divided into Arthedain, Rhudaur and Cardolan. The line of [[Isildur]] was maintained in Arthedain, but in Rhudaur and Cardolan the line faded quickly. Arthedain retained Weatherop and its ''[[Amon Sûl-stone|Palantír]]'' as well as two others, which led to contention between the three kingdoms.<ref name="Eriador"/>
  
The kingdom's capital was at [[Fornost Erain]], and [[Bree]] was one of its important towns.  [[Annúminas]] was in the territory of Arthedain, but mostly abandoned and falling into ruin.
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When [[Malvegil]] of Arthedain became king in {{TA|1272|n}}<ref name="North">{{App|North}}</ref> [[Orcs]] began to trouble the region.<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}</ref> Around {{TA|1300}}, the [[Witch-king]] founded the kingdom of [[Angmar]] north of the [[Ettenmoors]], soon to become the foe of Arthedain.<ref name="TA"/>
  
In {{TA|1300}} the kingdom of [[Angmar]] appeared at Arthedain's north-eastern border. Its King was the chief of the [[Nazgûl|Ringwraiths]], although this was not known to the [[Dúnedain]]. When this new threat came, Cardolan placed itself under the suzerainty of Arthedain, which then began to call itself ''Arnor'' again. Cardolan repeatedly sent aid to Arthedain when needed but by {{TA|1409}} Cardolan and Rhudaur were conquered by Angmar.
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After Malvegil, his son [[Argeleb I]] reclaimed lordship over all of Arnor since Rhudaur and Cardolan had no living descendants of Isildur.  Rhudaur refused this claim and allied with Angmar.<ref name="Eriador"/>  Argeleb I fell in battle with Rhudaur in {{TA|1356|n}}.<ref name="TA"/>  His son, [[Arveleg I]], avenged his father by retaking the Weather Hills, aided by [[Lindon]] and Cardolan. However, a great host issued from Angmar in {{TA|1409}}, invading Arthedain and taking Weathertop. King Arveleg I was slain. Rhudar was occupied by Angmar and Cardolan was ravaged.<ref name="Eriador"/>
  
In {{TA|1601}}, [[Hobbits]] came to Arthedain. With permission of [[Argeleb II]], they settled in the land that would later be called "[[the Shire]]". They would be subjugated to the [[Kings of Arthedain]], and tasked with maintenance to infrastructure, especially of the vital [[Brandywine Bridge|Bridge of Stonebows]].
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In {{TA|1601|n}} two [[Fallohides|Fallohide]] brothers, [[Marcho]] and [[Blanco]], crossed the Brandywine with many [[Hobbits]] and, with the permission of King [[Argeleb II]], established [[the Shire]].<ref>{{FR|Hobbits}}</ref> The Hobbits and the remaining [[Men]] in Arthedain suffered losses in the [[Great Plague]] of {{TA|1636|n}}.<ref name="TA"/>
  
Arthedain kept up the resistance against Angmar for over 500 years but in {{TA|1974}} Arthedain was overrun and [[Fall of Fornost|Fornost fell]] into the hands of Angmar. It fell just one year too soon for help was underway from [[Gondor]] under the lead of [[Eärnur]]. This army reached Arthedain in {{TA|1975}} and destroyed Angmar at the [[Battle of Fornost]].
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In {{TA|1974|n}}<ref name="TA"/> the Witch-king invaded Arthedain, capturing Fornost and driving most of the few Dúnedain across the Lhûn. King [[Arvedui]] held out for awhile in the [[North Downs]] until he and his guard were driven north.<ref name="Eriador"/>  Although the realm of Angmar was crushed at the [[Battle of Fornost]] in {{TA|1975|n}},<ref name="TA"/> the realm of Arthedain also came to an end and its lands remained mostly empty (except for the Shire) until the reestablishment of the northern kingdom under king [[Aragorn|Elessar]] at the end of the [[Third Age]].
  
Arthedain's last King, [[Arvedui]], drowned just before the battle was fought. The son of Arvedui, [[Aranarth]] decided not to rebuild the kingdom and so became the first [[Chieftain of the Dúnedain]]. From him [[Aragorn]] is descended.
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{{references}}
 
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To replace the King as an executive power, the Hobbits elected the [[Thain]], who would hold the office until the King would return.
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[[Category:Arnor]]
 
[[Category:Arnor]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Mannish realms]]
 
[[Category:Mannish realms]]
 
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[[de:Arthedain]]
 
[[de:Arthedain]]
 
[[fi:Arthedain]]
 
[[fi:Arthedain]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/royaumes/arthedain]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/royaumes/arthedain]]

Revision as of 22:25, 11 May 2013

Arthedain.jpg
Arthedain
Etymology"Realm of the Edain"
GovernmentMonarchy
Head of StateKing of Arthedain
Societal information
CapitalFornost
LanguageWestron
LocationNorthwestern Eriador west of the Baranduin and along the line of the Weather Hills
PopulaceMen and Hobbits
ReligionBelief in Eru Ilúvatar
Historical information
Formed fromDissolution of Arnor
EstablishmentT.A. 861
DissolutionT.A. 1974

Arthedain was one of the three realms of the Dúnedain created from the fragmentation of the kingdom of Arnor. After the death of Arnor's King Eärendur, his sons divided the realm into the kingdoms of Arthedain, Rhudaur and Cardolan.

Description

Arthedain lay primarily between the Lhûn and the Brandywine in northwestern Eriador. However, it also claimed the land north of the Great East Road from the Brandywine Bridge to the Weather Hills.[1] Notable features within Arthedain were the Hills of Evendim, Lake Evendim, North Downs, Tower Hills, Far Downs, White Downs, the Shire, Annúminas, and Fornost.[2]

History

After the tenth king of Arnor, Eärendur, died in T.A. 861,[3] dissensions between his sons fractured the realm. Arnor was divided into Arthedain, Rhudaur and Cardolan. The line of Isildur was maintained in Arthedain, but in Rhudaur and Cardolan the line faded quickly. Arthedain retained Weatherop and its Palantír as well as two others, which led to contention between the three kingdoms.[1]

When Malvegil of Arthedain became king in 1272[4] Orcs began to trouble the region.[5] Around T.A. 1300, the Witch-king founded the kingdom of Angmar north of the Ettenmoors, soon to become the foe of Arthedain.[3]

After Malvegil, his son Argeleb I reclaimed lordship over all of Arnor since Rhudaur and Cardolan had no living descendants of Isildur. Rhudaur refused this claim and allied with Angmar.[1] Argeleb I fell in battle with Rhudaur in 1356.[3] His son, Arveleg I, avenged his father by retaking the Weather Hills, aided by Lindon and Cardolan. However, a great host issued from Angmar in T.A. 1409, invading Arthedain and taking Weathertop. King Arveleg I was slain. Rhudar was occupied by Angmar and Cardolan was ravaged.[1]

In 1601 two Fallohide brothers, Marcho and Blanco, crossed the Brandywine with many Hobbits and, with the permission of King Argeleb II, established the Shire.[6] The Hobbits and the remaining Men in Arthedain suffered losses in the Great Plague of 1636.[3]

In 1974[3] the Witch-king invaded Arthedain, capturing Fornost and driving most of the few Dúnedain across the Lhûn. King Arvedui held out for awhile in the North Downs until he and his guard were driven north.[1] Although the realm of Angmar was crushed at the Battle of Fornost in 1975,[3] the realm of Arthedain also came to an end and its lands remained mostly empty (except for the Shire) until the reestablishment of the northern kingdom under king Elessar at the end of the Third Age.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Concerning Hobbits"