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Arwen

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{{sources}}
 
{{sources}}
 
{{half-elf infobox
 
{{half-elf infobox
| image=[[Image:John_Howe_-_Arwen.jpg]]
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| image=[[File:John Howe - Arwen.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Arwen
 
| name=Arwen
 
| othernames=''Undómiel'' ([[Quenya|Q]], "Evenstar")
 
| othernames=''Undómiel'' ([[Quenya|Q]], "Evenstar")
 
| titles=Queen of Gondor
 
| titles=Queen of Gondor
| realm=[[Rivendell]], [[Lothlórien]], [[Reunited Kingdom]]
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| location=[[Rivendell]], [[Lothlórien]], [[Reunited Kingdom]]
 
| position=
 
| position=
 
| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
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| gender=Female
 
| gender=Female
 
| height=
 
| height=
| hair=Dark<ref name="Many Meetings">{{FR|Meetings}}</ref>
+
| hair=Dark<ref name="Many">{{FR|Meetings}}</ref>
| eyes=Grey<ref name="Many Meetings" />
+
| eyes=Grey<ref name="Many"/>
| clothing=Grey raiment with girdle of silver leaves;<ref name="Many Meetings" /> silver and blue mantle<ref name="Aragorn and Arwen">{{App|A1v}}</ref>
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| clothing=Grey raiment with girdle of silver leaves;<ref name="Many"/> silver and blue mantle<ref name="Tale">{{App|A1v}}</ref>
 
| weapons=
 
| weapons=
 
| steed=
 
| steed=
 
}}{{Pronounce|Arwen Undomiel.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
}}{{Pronounce|Arwen Undomiel.mp3|Ardamir}}
{{quote|[[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] saw her whom few [[mortals]] had yet seen; '''Arwen''', daughter of [[Elrond]], in whom it was said that the likeness of [[Lúthien]] had come on earth again; and she was called [[Undómiel]], for she was the [[Evenstar]] of her people.|''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', [[Many Meetings]]}}
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{{quote|[[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] saw her whom few [[mortals]] had yet seen; '''Arwen''', daughter of [[Elrond]], in whom it was said that the likeness of [[Lúthien]] had come on earth again; and she was called [[Undómiel]], for she was the Evenstar of her people.|''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', [[Many Meetings]]<ref name="Many">{{FR|II1}}</ref>}}
 
'''Arwen Undómiel''' (''Arwen'' is [[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈarwen]}}; ''Undómiel'' is [[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[unˈdoːmi.el]}}), often called '''Arwen Evenstar''', was the betrothed of [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]]. She is the daughter of [[Elrond]] and [[Celebrían]] (and therefore grand-daughter of [[Galadriel]]). She rejects her [[Elves|Elven]] immortality (which she had the ability to do, since she was a [[half-elven|half-elf]], thus having the choice to be counted as an elf or a man) to marry Aragorn and die with him.
 
'''Arwen Undómiel''' (''Arwen'' is [[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈarwen]}}; ''Undómiel'' is [[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[unˈdoːmi.el]}}), often called '''Arwen Evenstar''', was the betrothed of [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]]. She is the daughter of [[Elrond]] and [[Celebrían]] (and therefore grand-daughter of [[Galadriel]]). She rejects her [[Elves|Elven]] immortality (which she had the ability to do, since she was a [[half-elven|half-elf]], thus having the choice to be counted as an elf or a man) to marry Aragorn and die with him.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
The romance between Aragorn and Arwen is reminiscent of that between the Man [[Beren]] and the Elf [[Lúthien]].  Few other marriages between Man and Elf are recorded in the annals.  
+
The romance between Aragorn and Arwen is reminiscent of that between the Man [[Beren]] and the Elf [[Lúthien]].  Few other marriages between Man and Elf were recorded in the annals.  
  
A very young Aragorn encountered Arwen for the first time at [[Rivendell]], where he had been living; she had been staying with her grandmother in [[Lothlórien|Lórien]]. He fell in love with her when he first saw her, but it was not until they met many years later in Lórien that she fell in love with him.
+
A very young Aragorn encountered Arwen for the first time at [[Rivendell]], where he had been living; she had been staying with her grandmother in [[Lothlórien|Lórien]]. He fell in love with her when he first saw her, but it was not until they met many years later in Lórien that she fell in love with him.<ref name="Tale"/>
  
When the [[Hobbits]] arrived at [[Rivendell]], [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] saw Aragorn with her at one point—the first hint of their relationship. Later, when the [[Fellowship of the Ring|Fellowship]] came to [[Lothlórien]], he remembered their earlier meeting.
+
When the [[Hobbits]] arrived at [[Rivendell]], [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] saw Aragorn with her at one point—the first hint of their relationship.<ref name="Many"/> Later, when the [[Fellowship of the Ring|Fellowship]] came to [[Lothlórien]], he remembered their earlier meeting.
  
When [[Éowyn]] fell in love with Aragorn it was his fidelity to Arwen that forbade him from reciprocating, thereby motivating Éowyn's subsequent actions during the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]] which had major repercussions for the defense of Middle-earth. Arwen continually served as inspiration and motivation for Aragorn, who must become King before he may wed her;not an insignificant task, considering the many long years he devoted to this cause.  
+
When [[Éowyn]] fell in love with Aragorn it was his fidelity to Arwen that forbade him from reciprocating, thereby motivating Éowyn's subsequent actions during the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]] which had major repercussions for the defense of Middle-earth. Arwen continually served as inspiration and motivation for Aragorn, who had to become King before he could wed her; not an insignificant task, considering the many long years he devoted to this cause.<ref name="Tale"/>
  
Before taking to the [[Paths of the Dead]], Aragorn was met by a group consisting of [[Dúnedain]], his people, from the North, and Arwen's brothers, [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]]. They brought to him a banner on black cloth: a gift made by the hands of Arwen, and a sign that encourages him to take the difficult path. When it is unfurled at the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]] to reveal the emblem of [[Elendil]] in ''[[mithril]]'', gems, and gold, it was the first triumphant announcement of the King's return.
+
Before taking to the [[Paths of the Dead]], Aragorn was met by a group consisting of [[Dúnedain]], his people, from the North, and Arwen's brothers, [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]].<ref>{{RK|V2}}</ref> They brought to him a banner on black cloth: a gift made by the hands of Arwen, and a sign that encouraged him to take the difficult path. When it was unfurled at the [[Battle of the Pelennor Fields]] to reveal the emblem of [[Elendil]] in ''[[mithril]]'', gems, and gold, it was the first triumphant announcement of the King's return.<ref>{{RK|V6}}</ref>
  
 
Arwen was actually a very distant relative of Aragorn, being his first cousin sixty-three times removed. By their marriage, the long-sundered lines of the [[Half-elven]] were joined. Their union also served to unite and preserve the bloodlines of the Three Kings of the High Elves ([[Ingwë]], [[Finwë]], and brothers [[Olwë]] and [[Elwë]]) as well as the only line with [[Maiar]]in blood through Arwen's great-great-great grandmother, [[Melian]].
 
Arwen was actually a very distant relative of Aragorn, being his first cousin sixty-three times removed. By their marriage, the long-sundered lines of the [[Half-elven]] were joined. Their union also served to unite and preserve the bloodlines of the Three Kings of the High Elves ([[Ingwë]], [[Finwë]], and brothers [[Olwë]] and [[Elwë]]) as well as the only line with [[Maiar]]in blood through Arwen's great-great-great grandmother, [[Melian]].
  
Arwen gave up her life in [[Fourth Age 121]], at [[Cerin Amroth]] in Lórien, after the death of Aragorn.
+
Arwen gave up her life in {{FoA|121}}, at [[Cerin Amroth]] in Lórien, after the death of Aragorn.
  
 
== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
      [[Eärendil]] = [[Elwing]]
+
{{familytree/start}}
              |
+
{{familytree |EAR|y|ELW| |CEL|y|GAL|EAR=[[Eärendil]]|ELW=[[Elwing]]|CEL=[[Celeborn]]|GAL=[[Galadriel]]}}
              |      [[Celeborn]] = [[Galadriel]]
+
{{familytree | |,|-|^|-|.| | | | | |!| | | |}}
          ____|____            |
+
{{familytree |ELS| |ELD|~|y|~|CLB| | |ELS=[[Elros]]|ELD=[[Elrond]]|CLB=[[Celebrían]]}}
          |         |           |
+
{{familytree | |:| | | |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
          |         |           |
+
{{familytree |ARG|~|ARW| |ELR| |ELL|ARG=[[Aragorn|Aragorn II]]|ARW='''ARWEN'''|ELR=[[Elrohir]]|ELL=[[Elladan]]}}
        [[Elros]]     [[Elrond]] = [[Celebrían]]
+
{{familytree/end}}
                        |
+
                ________|________
+
                |       |       |
+
                |       |       |
+
[[Aragorn|Aragorn II]] = [[Arwen]]  [[Elrohir]]   [[Elladan]]
+
 
+
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
 
'''''Arwen''''' means "Noble Maiden" in [[Sindarin]] (from ''[[ara]]-'' = "noble" and ''[[gwenn]]'' = "maiden").<ref>[[Wayne G. Hammond]] and [[Christina Scull]] (HarperCollins''Publishers'' 2008), ''[[The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion]]'', p. 205</ref> The [[Quenya]] form of her name is not entirely certain, but as just a name, it is grammatically possible to calque ''Arwen'' to Quenya as '''Aranwen''' (pron. {{IPA|[aˈranwen]}} using ''[[aran]]-'' and ''[[wendë]]'', stem ''Aranwend-''; compare masculine ''[[Aranwë]]''), but '''Arwen''' itself is also coincidentally a valid Quenya synthesis (using ''[[ar]]-'', stem ''Arwend-''), meaning the possibility that Arwen's name is the same in Sindarin and Quenya.  Her [[epessë]], '''[[Undómiel]]''', means "Evenstar", from ''[[Undómë]]'' "evening twilight" and ''[[elen|el]]'' "star".
 
'''''Arwen''''' means "Noble Maiden" in [[Sindarin]] (from ''[[ara]]-'' = "noble" and ''[[gwenn]]'' = "maiden").<ref>[[Wayne G. Hammond]] and [[Christina Scull]] (HarperCollins''Publishers'' 2008), ''[[The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion]]'', p. 205</ref> The [[Quenya]] form of her name is not entirely certain, but as just a name, it is grammatically possible to calque ''Arwen'' to Quenya as '''Aranwen''' (pron. {{IPA|[aˈranwen]}} using ''[[aran]]-'' and ''[[wendë]]'', stem ''Aranwend-''; compare masculine ''[[Aranwë]]''), but '''Arwen''' itself is also coincidentally a valid Quenya synthesis (using ''[[ar]]-'', stem ''Arwend-''), meaning the possibility that Arwen's name is the same in Sindarin and Quenya.  Her [[epessë]], '''[[Undómiel]]''', means "Evenstar", from ''[[Undómë]]'' "evening twilight" and ''[[elen|el]]'' "star".
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== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
 
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
 
<center><gallery>
 
<center><gallery>
Image:Arwen viv lotr.JPG|<small><center>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)]]''</small></center>
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File:Arwen viv lotr.JPG|<small><center>[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]</small></center>
Image:Arwen from Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings.jpg|<small><center>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Motion Picture Trilogy]]''</small></center>
+
File:The Lord of the Rings - The Motion Picture Trilogy - Arwen 2.jpg|<small><center>[[The Lord of the Rings (film series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (film series)]]</small></center>
 +
File:Arwen-LOTRO.jpg|<small><center>[[Arwen]] in ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]''.</small></center>
 
</gallery></center>
 
</gallery></center>
'''1978: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)]]'':'''
+
'''1978: [[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (1978 film)]]:'''
 
:Arwen does not appear.
 
:Arwen does not appear.
  
'''1981: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|BBC Radio's The Lord of the Rings]]'':'''
+
'''1981: [[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (1981 radio series)]]:'''
 
:Arwen is voiced by [[Sonia Fraser]].
 
:Arwen is voiced by [[Sonia Fraser]].
  
'''2002: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|Vivendi's The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
+
'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
 
:Arwen appears in Rivendell after the [[Council of Elrond]]. She has a brief dialogue with Aragorn, and recites several lines from the [[The Riddle of Strider|Riddle of Strider]]. No voice actress is specified, but it is likely [[Kath Soucie]].  
 
:Arwen appears in Rivendell after the [[Council of Elrond]]. She has a brief dialogue with Aragorn, and recites several lines from the [[The Riddle of Strider|Riddle of Strider]]. No voice actress is specified, but it is likely [[Kath Soucie]].  
  
'''2001-3: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Motion Picture Trilogy]]'':'''
+
'''2001-03: [[The Lord of the Rings (film series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (film series)]]:'''
 
{{cleanup}}
 
{{cleanup}}
 
:Arwen is played by [[Liv Tyler]]. Various additional scenes pertaining to Arwen are inserted, some of which deviate from the books and some of which seem inspired by ''[[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen]]''.
 
:Arwen is played by [[Liv Tyler]]. Various additional scenes pertaining to Arwen are inserted, some of which deviate from the books and some of which seem inspired by ''[[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen]]''.
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'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
:Arwen is a non-playable character and can be found in a gazebo overlooking the path from Rivendell into the Misty Mountains.  
+
:Arwen is a non-playable character and can be found in a gazebo overlooking the path from Rivendell into the Misty Mountains. She was not involved in the main storyline - or any side-quests for that matter - until 2010, when she passed Halbarad the banner she had made for Aragorn during the Epic Book [[Oath of the Rangers]].
 +
 
 +
'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
 +
:Arwen resides in Rivendell, where players can discuss with her both historical and present subjects. While spotting appearance of [[Liv Tyler]], her role is closer to the book that in the movie: for example, she provides Halbarad and the Grey Company the banner she had made for Aragorn, an event omitted from movie adaptation.
  
 
==Reaction to Jackson's portrayal==
 
==Reaction to Jackson's portrayal==
 
{{sources}}
 
{{sources}}
 
{{cleanup}}
 
{{cleanup}}
[[Image:Arwen.jpg|thumb|Arwen Evenstar]]
+
[[File:Gregor Roffalski - Arwen.jpg|thumb|Arwen Evenstar]]
 
Arwen had a very small visible role in the books outside of the [[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen|Appendix]] (due to Tolkien conceiving the character late in the writing; Aragorn was originally supposed to marry Éowyn, as related in ''[[The History of Middle-earth]]''). In addition to making Arwen a more visible character, the change employs the principle of "economy of characters". Characters like [[Glorfindel]] (the Elf who helps Frodo by lending him his horse and later aiding his companions in driving the Ringwraiths into the water in the book), who appear once and perform only a few tasks, are often excised from film interpretations.
 
Arwen had a very small visible role in the books outside of the [[The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen|Appendix]] (due to Tolkien conceiving the character late in the writing; Aragorn was originally supposed to marry Éowyn, as related in ''[[The History of Middle-earth]]''). In addition to making Arwen a more visible character, the change employs the principle of "economy of characters". Characters like [[Glorfindel]] (the Elf who helps Frodo by lending him his horse and later aiding his companions in driving the Ringwraiths into the water in the book), who appear once and perform only a few tasks, are often excised from film interpretations.
  
 
In earlier copies of the script (when the movies were supposed to be filmed in two parts under a different production company), Arwen actually fought in the [[Battle of the Hornburg|Battle of Helm's Deep]] and brought the sword [[Andúril]] to Aragorn. Some attribute the elimination of her character from the sequence to an early script leak. Another story is that [[Liv Tyler]] herself felt that the character's involvement in Helm's Deep was inappropriate, and convinced Jackson and his team to leave her out of the sequence, although the team did film at least part of her planned appearance at Helm's Deep.
 
In earlier copies of the script (when the movies were supposed to be filmed in two parts under a different production company), Arwen actually fought in the [[Battle of the Hornburg|Battle of Helm's Deep]] and brought the sword [[Andúril]] to Aragorn. Some attribute the elimination of her character from the sequence to an early script leak. Another story is that [[Liv Tyler]] herself felt that the character's involvement in Helm's Deep was inappropriate, and convinced Jackson and his team to leave her out of the sequence, although the team did film at least part of her planned appearance at Helm's Deep.
  
These changes have met with mixed reactions. Many fans were upset because they seemed to pander to the lowest common denominator — that in order to make Arwen a "worthwhile" or "strong" character, she had to be a warrior — while in the books, her strength stems from her brave choice to forsake immortality and live a mortal life with Aragorn, which did not involve martial skill. Furthermore, there is already a skilled female warrior present in the story — namely Éowyn, but she first appears in the second part of the film trilogy.  Some fans felt it odd to make it a point to insert a female warrior into a story which already had a prominent one, because this detracts from Éowyn's bravery in riding to battle. Also, he dominance at the Ford scene detracts from Frodo's bravery in the book (though admittedly the film Frodo is barely conscious - a case of Jackson "upping the ante").  However, in the second and third films in which Éowyn appears, Arwen's martial abilities are not shown at all.
+
These changes have met with mixed reactions. Many fans were upset because they seemed to pander to the lowest common denominator — that in order to make Arwen a "worthwhile" or "strong" character, she had to be a warrior — while in the books, her strength stemed from her brave choice to forsake immortality and live a mortal life with Aragorn, which did not involve martial skill. Furthermore, there was already a skilled female warrior present in the story — namely Éowyn, but she first appears in the second part of the film trilogy.  Some fans felt it odd to make it a point to insert a female warrior into a story which already had a prominent one, because this detracted from Éowyn's bravery in riding to battle. Also, her dominance at the Ford scene detracted from Frodo's bravery in the book (though admittedly the film Frodo was barely conscious - a case of Jackson "upping the ante").  However, in the second and third films in which Éowyn appears, Arwen's martial abilities were not shown at all.
  
Some criticize ''The Lord of the Rings'' for including few named female characters (though of course unnamed women are present, along with unnamed men) and thus accuse Tolkien of sexism. However, in the essay ''Laws and Customs among the Eldar'', which appears in ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', Tolkien writes that male and female Elves are in fact viewed in Elven society as equals, save for the fact that only the females are capable of childbearing and are thus viewed as literally holding the future of their people in their hands. It is for this reason that they traditionally refrain from going to war (although they are still trained in all the aspects of combat taught to male Elves), usually occupying themselves during wartime as healers. As the text itself states:
+
Some criticize ''The Lord of the Rings'' for including few named female characters (though of course unnamed women were present, along with unnamed men) and thus accuse Tolkien of sexism. However, in the essay ''Laws and Customs among the Eldar'', which appears in ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', Tolkien wrote that male and female Elves were in fact viewed in Elven society as equals, save for the fact that only the females were capable of childbearing and were thus viewed as literally holding the future of their people in their hands. It was for this reason that they traditionally refrained from going to war (although they were still trained in all the aspects of combat taught to male Elves), usually occupying themselves during wartime as healers. As the text itself stated:
  
 
:''In all such things, not concerned with the bringing forth of children, the ''neri'' and ''nissi'' (that is, the men and women) of the Eldar are equal – unless it be in this (as they themselves say) that for the ''nissi'' the making of things new is for the most part shown in the forming of their children, so that invention and change is otherwise mostly brought about by the ''neri''. There are, however, no matters which among the Eldar only a ''nér'' can think or do, or others with which only a ''nís'' is concerned. There are indeed some differences between the natural inclinations of ''neri'' and ''nissi'', and other differences that have been established by custom (varying in place and in time, and in the several races of the Eldar). For instance, the arts of healing, and all that touches on the care of the body, are among the Eldar most practised by the ''nissi''; whereas it was the elven-men who bore arms at need. And the Eldar deemed that the dealing of death, even when lawful or under necessity, diminished the power of healing, and that the virtue of the ''nissi'' in this matter was due rather to their abstaining from hunting or war than to any special power that went with their womanhood. Indeed in dire straits or desperate defence, the ''nissi'' fought valiantly, and there was less difference in strength in speed between elven-men and elven-women that had not borne child that is seen among mortals. On the other hand many elven-men were great healers and skilled in the lore of living bodies, though such men abstained from hunting, and went not to war until the last need.'' '''''(Morgoth's Ring, The Second Phase, Laws and Customs Among the Eldar)'''''
 
:''In all such things, not concerned with the bringing forth of children, the ''neri'' and ''nissi'' (that is, the men and women) of the Eldar are equal – unless it be in this (as they themselves say) that for the ''nissi'' the making of things new is for the most part shown in the forming of their children, so that invention and change is otherwise mostly brought about by the ''neri''. There are, however, no matters which among the Eldar only a ''nér'' can think or do, or others with which only a ''nís'' is concerned. There are indeed some differences between the natural inclinations of ''neri'' and ''nissi'', and other differences that have been established by custom (varying in place and in time, and in the several races of the Eldar). For instance, the arts of healing, and all that touches on the care of the body, are among the Eldar most practised by the ''nissi''; whereas it was the elven-men who bore arms at need. And the Eldar deemed that the dealing of death, even when lawful or under necessity, diminished the power of healing, and that the virtue of the ''nissi'' in this matter was due rather to their abstaining from hunting or war than to any special power that went with their womanhood. Indeed in dire straits or desperate defence, the ''nissi'' fought valiantly, and there was less difference in strength in speed between elven-men and elven-women that had not borne child that is seen among mortals. On the other hand many elven-men were great healers and skilled in the lore of living bodies, though such men abstained from hunting, and went not to war until the last need.'' '''''(Morgoth's Ring, The Second Phase, Laws and Customs Among the Eldar)'''''

Revision as of 19:01, 26 December 2012

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
John Howe - Arwen.jpg
Arwen
Half-elf
Biographical Information
Other namesUndómiel (Q, "Evenstar")
TitlesQueen of Gondor
LocationRivendell, Lothlórien, Reunited Kingdom
LanguagePrimarily Sindarin[1]
BirthT.A. 241
Rivendell[source?]
RuleT.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 120
DeathFo.A. 121 (aged 2,901)
Cerin Amroth, Lothlórien
Family
HouseHouse of Elrond
HeritageHalf-elven father, Elf mother
ParentageElrond and Celebrían
SiblingsElladan and Elrohir
SpouseAragorn
ChildrenEldarion and several daughters
Physical Description
GenderFemale
Hair colorDark[2]
Eye colorGrey[2]
ClothingGrey raiment with girdle of silver leaves;[2] silver and blue mantle[3]
"Frodo saw her whom few mortals had yet seen; Arwen, daughter of Elrond, in whom it was said that the likeness of Lúthien had come on earth again; and she was called Undómiel, for she was the Evenstar of her people."
The Fellowship of the Ring, Many Meetings[2]

Arwen Undómiel (Arwen is S, pron. [ˈarwen]; Undómiel is Q, pron. [unˈdoːmi.el]), often called Arwen Evenstar, was the betrothed of Aragorn II. She is the daughter of Elrond and Celebrían (and therefore grand-daughter of Galadriel). She rejects her Elven immortality (which she had the ability to do, since she was a half-elf, thus having the choice to be counted as an elf or a man) to marry Aragorn and die with him.

Contents

History

The romance between Aragorn and Arwen is reminiscent of that between the Man Beren and the Elf Lúthien. Few other marriages between Man and Elf were recorded in the annals.

A very young Aragorn encountered Arwen for the first time at Rivendell, where he had been living; she had been staying with her grandmother in Lórien. He fell in love with her when he first saw her, but it was not until they met many years later in Lórien that she fell in love with him.[3]

When the Hobbits arrived at Rivendell, Frodo saw Aragorn with her at one point—the first hint of their relationship.[2] Later, when the Fellowship came to Lothlórien, he remembered their earlier meeting.

When Éowyn fell in love with Aragorn it was his fidelity to Arwen that forbade him from reciprocating, thereby motivating Éowyn's subsequent actions during the Battle of the Pelennor Fields which had major repercussions for the defense of Middle-earth. Arwen continually served as inspiration and motivation for Aragorn, who had to become King before he could wed her; not an insignificant task, considering the many long years he devoted to this cause.[3]

Before taking to the Paths of the Dead, Aragorn was met by a group consisting of Dúnedain, his people, from the North, and Arwen's brothers, Elladan and Elrohir.[4] They brought to him a banner on black cloth: a gift made by the hands of Arwen, and a sign that encouraged him to take the difficult path. When it was unfurled at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields to reveal the emblem of Elendil in mithril, gems, and gold, it was the first triumphant announcement of the King's return.[5]

Arwen was actually a very distant relative of Aragorn, being his first cousin sixty-three times removed. By their marriage, the long-sundered lines of the Half-elven were joined. Their union also served to unite and preserve the bloodlines of the Three Kings of the High Elves (Ingwë, Finwë, and brothers Olwë and Elwë) as well as the only line with Maiarin blood through Arwen's great-great-great grandmother, Melian.

Arwen gave up her life in Fo.A. 121, at Cerin Amroth in Lórien, after the death of Aragorn.

Genealogy

Eärendil
 
Elwing
 
Celeborn
 
Galadriel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elros
 
Elrond
 
 
 
Celebrían
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aragorn II
 
ARWEN
 
Elrohir
 
Elladan
 

Etymology

Arwen means "Noble Maiden" in Sindarin (from ara- = "noble" and gwenn = "maiden").[6] The Quenya form of her name is not entirely certain, but as just a name, it is grammatically possible to calque Arwen to Quenya as Aranwen (pron. [aˈranwen] using aran- and wendë, stem Aranwend-; compare masculine Aranwë), but Arwen itself is also coincidentally a valid Quenya synthesis (using ar-, stem Arwend-), meaning the possibility that Arwen's name is the same in Sindarin and Quenya. Her epessë, Undómiel, means "Evenstar", from Undómë "evening twilight" and el "star".

Portrayal in Adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings (1978 film):

Arwen does not appear.

1981: The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series):

Arwen is voiced by Sonia Fraser.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Arwen appears in Rivendell after the Council of Elrond. She has a brief dialogue with Aragorn, and recites several lines from the Riddle of Strider. No voice actress is specified, but it is likely Kath Soucie.

2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series):

"I shan't call it the end, till we've cleared up the mess." — Sam
This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.
Arwen is played by Liv Tyler. Various additional scenes pertaining to Arwen are inserted, some of which deviate from the books and some of which seem inspired by The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen.
In the first film, she sneaks up to find Aragorn and single-handedly rescues Frodo Baggins from the Black Riders at Bruinen, thwarting them with a sudden flood, summoned by an incantation. In the book, it was Glorfindel who put Frodo on horseback and sent him alone to flee the Black Riders, and Elrond and Gandalf who arranged the flood. Also, in the book, Frodo makes his own stand against the Black Riders; in the movie Arwen defends him. During this flight, Arwen wields the sword Hadhafang, stated to have once been wielded by her father in film merchandise. This sword, however, does not appear in the books at all; in fact, in the books, Arwen is never mentioned as armed but she could have armed and defended herself as needed; see below.
Following the aforementioned scenes, the deviations include a scene in which Aragorn has a dream about Arwen in which they kiss, a scene where Arwen has an argument with her father about leaving for Valinor, and a scene where she actually departs for Valinor and then suddenly returns when she sees an image of her future son, Eldarion. In the books, it can hardly have been surprising to Arwen that she and Aragorn might have children together, since she herself is the descendant of two similar unions.
Also, and perhaps most importantly, she apparently becomes sick with grief in the film version of The Return of the King — possibly over Aragorn's seemingly hopeless cause and his impending death — soon after she rides back from the road to the Grey Havens. Elrond takes the reforged Narsil, now Andúril, to Aragorn at Dunharrow, and tells him that her fate has become bound with the One Ring, and that she is dying. However, no explanation is ever given for these statements, not even in the Extended Editions. Later, after the Ring is destroyed, Arwen shows up at Aragorn's coronation without any signs of illness.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Arwen is a non-playable character and can be found in a gazebo overlooking the path from Rivendell into the Misty Mountains. She was not involved in the main storyline - or any side-quests for that matter - until 2010, when she passed Halbarad the banner she had made for Aragorn during the Epic Book Oath of the Rangers.

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Arwen resides in Rivendell, where players can discuss with her both historical and present subjects. While spotting appearance of Liv Tyler, her role is closer to the book that in the movie: for example, she provides Halbarad and the Grey Company the banner she had made for Aragorn, an event omitted from movie adaptation.

Reaction to Jackson's portrayal

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
"I shan't call it the end, till we've cleared up the mess." — Sam
This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.
Arwen Evenstar

Arwen had a very small visible role in the books outside of the Appendix (due to Tolkien conceiving the character late in the writing; Aragorn was originally supposed to marry Éowyn, as related in The History of Middle-earth). In addition to making Arwen a more visible character, the change employs the principle of "economy of characters". Characters like Glorfindel (the Elf who helps Frodo by lending him his horse and later aiding his companions in driving the Ringwraiths into the water in the book), who appear once and perform only a few tasks, are often excised from film interpretations.

In earlier copies of the script (when the movies were supposed to be filmed in two parts under a different production company), Arwen actually fought in the Battle of Helm's Deep and brought the sword Andúril to Aragorn. Some attribute the elimination of her character from the sequence to an early script leak. Another story is that Liv Tyler herself felt that the character's involvement in Helm's Deep was inappropriate, and convinced Jackson and his team to leave her out of the sequence, although the team did film at least part of her planned appearance at Helm's Deep.

These changes have met with mixed reactions. Many fans were upset because they seemed to pander to the lowest common denominator — that in order to make Arwen a "worthwhile" or "strong" character, she had to be a warrior — while in the books, her strength stemed from her brave choice to forsake immortality and live a mortal life with Aragorn, which did not involve martial skill. Furthermore, there was already a skilled female warrior present in the story — namely Éowyn, but she first appears in the second part of the film trilogy. Some fans felt it odd to make it a point to insert a female warrior into a story which already had a prominent one, because this detracted from Éowyn's bravery in riding to battle. Also, her dominance at the Ford scene detracted from Frodo's bravery in the book (though admittedly the film Frodo was barely conscious - a case of Jackson "upping the ante"). However, in the second and third films in which Éowyn appears, Arwen's martial abilities were not shown at all.

Some criticize The Lord of the Rings for including few named female characters (though of course unnamed women were present, along with unnamed men) and thus accuse Tolkien of sexism. However, in the essay Laws and Customs among the Eldar, which appears in Morgoth's Ring, Tolkien wrote that male and female Elves were in fact viewed in Elven society as equals, save for the fact that only the females were capable of childbearing and were thus viewed as literally holding the future of their people in their hands. It was for this reason that they traditionally refrained from going to war (although they were still trained in all the aspects of combat taught to male Elves), usually occupying themselves during wartime as healers. As the text itself stated:

In all such things, not concerned with the bringing forth of children, the neri and nissi (that is, the men and women) of the Eldar are equal – unless it be in this (as they themselves say) that for the nissi the making of things new is for the most part shown in the forming of their children, so that invention and change is otherwise mostly brought about by the neri. There are, however, no matters which among the Eldar only a nér can think or do, or others with which only a nís is concerned. There are indeed some differences between the natural inclinations of neri and nissi, and other differences that have been established by custom (varying in place and in time, and in the several races of the Eldar). For instance, the arts of healing, and all that touches on the care of the body, are among the Eldar most practised by the nissi; whereas it was the elven-men who bore arms at need. And the Eldar deemed that the dealing of death, even when lawful or under necessity, diminished the power of healing, and that the virtue of the nissi in this matter was due rather to their abstaining from hunting or war than to any special power that went with their womanhood. Indeed in dire straits or desperate defence, the nissi fought valiantly, and there was less difference in strength in speed between elven-men and elven-women that had not borne child that is seen among mortals. On the other hand many elven-men were great healers and skilled in the lore of living bodies, though such men abstained from hunting, and went not to war until the last need. (Morgoth's Ring, The Second Phase, Laws and Customs Among the Eldar)

See Also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of the Elves"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Passing of the Grey Company"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
  6. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (HarperCollinsPublishers 2008), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 205