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Athelas

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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
  
The etymology of the [[Sindarin]] word ''athelas'' is obscure, and apparently there exists an unpublished text by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] providing such an etymology. It has been suggested that the second element likely is ''[[las]]'' "leaf".<ref name=RC183>{{HM|RC}}, p. 183</ref> The first element could be related to [[Quenya]] ''[[asea]]'' but its independent Sindarin form is unknown.<ref name=RC183/><ref>[http://groups.google.com/group/rec.arts.books.tolkien/msg/3fad9c3c879f5a2c Athelas] (message from William Cloud Hicklin, dated 26 October 1998) at [http://groups.google.com/group/rec.arts.books.tolkien Rec.arts.books.tolkien] (accessed 13 May 2011)</ref>
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''Athelas'' is a [[Sindarin]] word, consisting of ''[[athae]]'' + ''[[lass]]''.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 148</ref>
  
 
''Kingsfoil'' has the Old French element ''foil'', "leaf" as seen in [[Wikipedia:cinquefoil|cinquefoil]].<ref name="Nomen">{{HM|N}}, p. 781</ref>
 
''Kingsfoil'' has the Old French element ''foil'', "leaf" as seen in [[Wikipedia:cinquefoil|cinquefoil]].<ref name="Nomen">{{HM|N}}, p. 781</ref>

Revision as of 22:40, 13 May 2011

The name Athelas refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Athelas (disambiguation).
John Howe - Athelas.jpg
Athelas
Other namesKingsfoil, asëa aranion
LocationMiddle-earth

Athelas, also known as Kingsfoil or asëa aranion ("Leaf of Kings"), was a plant with healing powers.

Contents

History

Athelas was first brought to Middle-earth by Númenóreans, but by the end of the Third Age the knowledge of its healing properties was lost among all but the Rangers of the North. It was a sweet-smelling herb which grew sparsely in the North and only in places where the Men of Westernesse had camped or lived.

In Gondor (where the name “kingsfoil” was used) its healing virtues were unknown and its leaves were esteemed only for their refreshing scent but it was especially powerful in the hands of the king, perhaps because of the Elvish heritage of the royal house.

It was used by Aragorn, secretly entering Minas Tirith upon his return to Gondor to heal those touched by the Black Breath, an act that enhanced his reputation and strengthed his claim to the crown.

Athelas from Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring.jpg

Etymology

Athelas is a Sindarin word, consisting of athae + lass.[1]

Kingsfoil has the Old French element foil, "leaf" as seen in cinquefoil.[2]

Other versions of the legendarium

Athelas was also used by Huan and Lúthien to heal wounded Beren in the early Lay of Leithian. It contradicts the information from The Lord of the Rings of it being brought to Middle-earth by Númenóreans, so it was either changed by Tolkien in later versions of his legendarium, or athelas grew in Beleriand before it was destroyed, and then brought back to Middle-earth by Númenóreans in the Second Age.

Appearances outside the legendarium

Kingsfoil is also mentioned in Ursula K. Le Guin's A Wizard of Earthsea, as one of the herbs in the witch of Gont's hut.

Athelas is also mentioned in the game Quest for Glory.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 148
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 781