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Balin's Tomb

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[[Image:Balinstomb.jpg|200px|thumb|Balin's Tomb in [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]].]]
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[[Image:Balinstomb.jpg|200px|thumb|Balin's Tomb in [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]].]]
  
The site of [[Balin]] the [[Dwarves|Dwarf]]’s burial in [[Moria]].
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'''Balin's Tomb''' was the tomb of [[Balin]], [[Lord of Moria]], after his death in {{TA|2994}}.
  
==The Books==
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==History and Geography==
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Balin was killed at the hands of Moria [[orcs]] in {{TA|2994}}. He was promptly buried in a tomb in the center of the [[Chamber of Mazarbul]]. The [[Fellowship of the Ring]], journeying through Moria in {{TA|3019|n}}, found his tomb. The tomb was the site of a [[Battle of the Chamber of Mazarbul|battle]] between the Fellowship and a group of attacking orcs. The tomb was located inside the Mazarbul chamber, Balin's former seat, which itself was located off the north end of the [[Twenty-first Hall]]. A shaft of light from outside of the mountain fell directly onto Balin’s Tomb, though it is not known what the shaft originally lit, if it was even in existence prior to Balin's fall.
  
===History and Geography===
+
==Appearance==
Balin was killed at the hands of Moria [[orcs]] in [[Third Age|T.A.]] 2994. He was promptly buried in a tomb in the center of the [[Chamber of Mazarbul]]. The [[Fellowship of the Ring]], journeying through Moria in T.A. 3019, found his tomb. The tomb was the site of a [[Battle of the Chamber of Mazarbul|battle]] between the Fellowship and a group of attacking orcs. The tomb was located inside the Mazarbul chamber, Balin’s former seat, which itself was located off the north end of the [[Twenty-first Hall]]. A shaft of light from outside of the mountain fell directly onto Balin’s Tomb, though it is not known what the shaft originally lit, if it was even in existence prior to Balin’s fall.
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[[File:J.R.R. Tolkien - Balin's Tomb.jpg|200px|thumb|Balin's Tomb, by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]]]
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The tomb was made of a single oblong block, about two feet high, underneath a large slab of white stone. Runes were cut deeply into the slab. Included in [[The Fellowship of the Ring]] are these runes, which read:
  
===Appearance===
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<center>BALIN<br>FUNDINUL<br>UZBADKHAZADDUMU<br>BALINSONOVFUNDINLORDOVMORIA</center>
The tomb was made of a single oblong block, about two feet high, underneath a large slab of white stone. Runes were deeply into the slab. Included in [[The Fellowship of the  Ring]]: Book II: Chapter 4: [[A Journey in the Dark]] are these runes, which read:
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* “BALIN FUNDINUL UZBADKHAZADDUMU BALINSONOVFUNDINLORDOVMORIA”, or:
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“Balin Fundinul Uzbad Khazaddumu, Balin Son of Fundin Lord of Moria” (''ov''=''of'' phonetically).
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[[Image:Balins-tomb cd jrrt.jpg|200px|thumb|The runic inscription found on Balin's Tomb.]]
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Paraphrased, it says "Balin Fundinul Uzbad Khazaddumu, Balin Son of Fundin Lord of Moria”
  
===The Runes===
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===Rune inscription===
  
The runes carved into Balin’s Tomb were [[Daeron’s Runes]]. These runic values were older than those of [[Angerthas Erebor]] and were used in Moria before the flight of the Dwarves, appearing on such inscriptions. Balin’s Dwarves would have followed this example in such a circumstance. The top, larger runes (the first three lines) are written in [[Khuzdul]], while the smaller ones below (the final line) were in the [[Common Speech]].
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The runes carved into Balin’s Tomb were [[Angerthas Daeron]]. These runic values were [[Angerthas Moria]], used before the flight of the Dwarves, appearing on such inscriptions. Balin’s Dwarves would have followed this example in such a circumstance. The top, larger runes (the first three lines) are written in [[Khuzdul]], while the smaller ones below (the final line) were in the [[Westron|Common Speech]], written with [[Angerthas Erebor]].
  
The Dwarves never used their “true” Khuzdul names, not even in inscriptions, but rather their names in the Common Speech. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]], having translated all uses of the Common Speech into modern English, rendered these names as “Balin” and “Fundin”, as he did the other words in the last line of the inscription (see note on English below). The name “Moria” was used, for by the time of the inscription, it had become the accepted name for Khazad-dûm in the Common Speech.
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The Dwarves never used their "true" Khuzdul names, not even in inscriptions, but rather their names in a [[Mannish]] dialect of the [[Northmen]]. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]], having translated all uses of Mannish into modern English and Norse, rendered these names as "Balin" and "Fundin", as he did the other words in the last line of the inscription (see note on English below). The name "Moria" was used, for by the time of the inscription, it had become the accepted name for Khazad-dûm in the Common Speech.
  
The use of English to represent the Common Speech in primary sources such as the inscription on Balin's Tomb was a result of Tolkien's vision of completely translating all [[Westron]] into modern English, even in authentic documentation, although upon reflection Tolkien said that this translation was "an erroneous extension of the general linguistic treatment" (''[[The_Peoples_of_Middle-earth]]'', pp. 298-9: "Of Dwarves and Men").
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The use of English to represent the Common Speech in primary sources such as the inscription on Balin's Tomb was a result of Tolkien's vision of completely translating all [[Westron]] into modern English, even in authentic documentation, although upon reflection Tolkien said that this translation was "an erroneous extension of the general linguistic treatment" (''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', pp. 298-9: "Of Dwarves and Men").
  
===References===
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
* [[The Lord of the Rings]]: [[The Fellowship of the Ring]] Book II: Chapter 4: [[A Journey in the Dark]] and Chapter 5: [[The Bridge of Khazad-dûm]].
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[[Image:fotr1080.jpg|250px|thumb|Balin's Tomb in [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]].]]
* [[The Lord of the Rings]]: [[Appendix E]]
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
* [[The Treason of Isengard]]: Appendix on Runes
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:Balin's Tomb is portrayed on film exactly as described in the book. The runes on the tomb are copied verbatim. [[Grant Major]] specifically tried to retain the evocative image of the shaft of light landing directly on Balin's Tomb in the film sequence. In the film, Balin's Tomb is destroyed by the [[Cave-trolls|Cave-troll]] during the [[Battle of the Chamber of Mazarbul]].
* [[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]: "Of Dwarves and Men"
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==The Films==
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'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
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:The Tomb of Balin is not a straight box, but rather an elevated tomb, held up by four small Dwarf-like statues in the corners.
  
[[Image:fotr1080.jpg|300px|thumb|Balin's Tomb in [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]].]]
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{{references}}
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<small>
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', "[[A Journey in the Dark]]"
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', "[[The Bridge of Khazad-dûm]]"
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[Appendix E]]''
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Treason of Isengard]]'', "Appendix on Runes"
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', "[[Of Dwarves and Men]]"
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* [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (extended edition)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (extended edition)]], "[[Balin's Tomb (scene)|Balin's Tomb]]"
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* [[Grant Major]], [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (extended edition)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (extended edition)]], "[[Balin's Tomb (scene)|Balin's Tomb]]", Artist commentary
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* [[Alan Lee]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings Sketchbook]]'', "Moria"
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</small>
  
===Appearances===
 
* [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]], [[Scene 35: Balin's Tomb]]
 
  
===Portrayal & Behind the Scenes===
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[[Category:Moria]]
Balin's Tomb is portrayed on film exactly as described in the book. The runes on the tomb are copied verbatim. [[Alan Lee]] was likely the conceptualizer of the tomb, maintaining the rigid, blocky style characteristic of the Dwarves (see [[Dwarven design]]), and fitting Tolkien's original description. [[Grant Major]] specifically tried to retain the evocative image of the shaft of light landing directly on Balin's Tomb in the film sequence. In the film, Balin's Tomb is destroyed by the [[Cave-trolls|Cave-troll]] during the [[Battle of the Chamber of Mazarbul]].
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[[Category:Graves and tombs]]
 
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===References===
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* [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]] [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring Extended Edition DVD|Extended Edition DVD]] Audio Commentaries (Scene 35)
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* Alan Lee's [[The Lord of the Rings Sketchbook]]: "Moria"
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==Related Links==
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Location: [[Khazad-dûm]] | [[North End]] | [[Seventh Level]] | [[Twenty-first Hall]] | [[Chamber of Mazarbul]]
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* [[Balin]]
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Revision as of 15:19, 19 December 2012

"The wise will stay here and hope to rebuild our town..." — Master of Lake-town
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Balin's Tomb was the tomb of Balin, Lord of Moria, after his death in T.A. 2994.

Contents

History and Geography

Balin was killed at the hands of Moria orcs in T.A. 2994. He was promptly buried in a tomb in the center of the Chamber of Mazarbul. The Fellowship of the Ring, journeying through Moria in 3019, found his tomb. The tomb was the site of a battle between the Fellowship and a group of attacking orcs. The tomb was located inside the Mazarbul chamber, Balin's former seat, which itself was located off the north end of the Twenty-first Hall. A shaft of light from outside of the mountain fell directly onto Balin’s Tomb, though it is not known what the shaft originally lit, if it was even in existence prior to Balin's fall.

Appearance

Balin's Tomb, by J.R.R. Tolkien

The tomb was made of a single oblong block, about two feet high, underneath a large slab of white stone. Runes were cut deeply into the slab. Included in The Fellowship of the Ring are these runes, which read:

BALIN
FUNDINUL
UZBADKHAZADDUMU
BALINSONOVFUNDINLORDOVMORIA

Paraphrased, it says "Balin Fundinul Uzbad Khazaddumu, Balin Son of Fundin Lord of Moria”

Rune inscription

The runes carved into Balin’s Tomb were Angerthas Daeron. These runic values were Angerthas Moria, used before the flight of the Dwarves, appearing on such inscriptions. Balin’s Dwarves would have followed this example in such a circumstance. The top, larger runes (the first three lines) are written in Khuzdul, while the smaller ones below (the final line) were in the Common Speech, written with Angerthas Erebor.

The Dwarves never used their "true" Khuzdul names, not even in inscriptions, but rather their names in a Mannish dialect of the Northmen. Tolkien, having translated all uses of Mannish into modern English and Norse, rendered these names as "Balin" and "Fundin", as he did the other words in the last line of the inscription (see note on English below). The name "Moria" was used, for by the time of the inscription, it had become the accepted name for Khazad-dûm in the Common Speech.

The use of English to represent the Common Speech in primary sources such as the inscription on Balin's Tomb was a result of Tolkien's vision of completely translating all Westron into modern English, even in authentic documentation, although upon reflection Tolkien said that this translation was "an erroneous extension of the general linguistic treatment" (The Peoples of Middle-earth, pp. 298-9: "Of Dwarves and Men").

Portrayal in Adaptations

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Balin's Tomb is portrayed on film exactly as described in the book. The runes on the tomb are copied verbatim. Grant Major specifically tried to retain the evocative image of the shaft of light landing directly on Balin's Tomb in the film sequence. In the film, Balin's Tomb is destroyed by the Cave-troll during the Battle of the Chamber of Mazarbul.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

The Tomb of Balin is not a straight box, but rather an elevated tomb, held up by four small Dwarf-like statues in the corners.

References