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Barahir

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{{disambig-more|Barahir|[[Barahir (disambiguation)]]}}
 
{{disambig-more|Barahir|[[Barahir (disambiguation)]]}}
{{cleanup}}
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{{Edain infobox
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| image=[[File:Antti Autio - The Oath of Felagund.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Barahir
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| othernames=
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| titles=4th [[Lord of Ladros]]
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| position=7th Head of the [[House of Bëor]]
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| location=[[Ladros]]
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| affiliation=
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| language=
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| birth={{FA|400}}
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| birthlocation=
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| rule={{FA|455}}-{{FA|460|n}}
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| death={{FA|460}}
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| deathlocation=[[Tarn Aeluin]]
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| age=60
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| house=[[House of Bëor]]
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| parentage=[[Bregor]]
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| siblings=[[Bregil]], [[Hirwen]], [[Bregolas]], [[Gilwen]]
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| spouse=[[Emeldir]]
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| children=[[Beren]]
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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'''Barahir''' ({{FA|400}} – {{FA|460|n}}) was a [[Men|Man]] of [[Middle-earth]], heir to the [[House of Bëor]] in the [[First Age]] and most famous as the father of [[Beren|Beren Erchamion]].
 
{{Pronounce|Barahir.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Barahir.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Barahir''' ([[First Age]] 402 – 460, aged 58 years) was a [[Men|Man]] of [[Middle-earth]], heir to the [[House of Bëor]] in the [[First Age]] and most famous as the father of [[Beren|Beren Erchamion]].
 
  
Barahir lived with twelve companions on the highland of [[Dorthonion]].  They were betrayed to [[Sauron]] by [[Gorlim]] the Unhappy, tricked by a devised phantom of his wife whom he loved, and slaughtered in the [[Massacre of Tarn Aeluin]]. The rest of Barahir's companions were [[Gildor of Dorthonion|Gildor]], [[Belegund]], [[Baragund]], [[Urthel]], [[Dagnir]], [[Ragnor]], [[Radhruin]], [[Dairuin]], [[Arthad]] and [[Hathaldir]]. Barahir's son Beren escaped the slaughter and lived to a great destiny.
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==History==
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Barahir, son of [[Bregor]], married [[Emeldir|Emeldir the Man-Hearted]]. They had one son, [[Beren]].<ref name="WJwest">{{WJ|14}}, ''(i) The House of Bëor'', p. 231</ref>
  
Earlier, Barahir had fought at the [[Dagor Bragollach]] ("Battle of Sudden Flame"), saving [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]]'s life. For this, he received the '''[[Ring of Barahir]]''', which was then handed down the family line.
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In {{FA|455}}, Barahir fought in the [[Dagor Bragollach]] at the [[Pass of Sirion]]. Near the [[Fen of Serech]], he hastened to [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]]'s rescue with a small retinue of his bravest men. They formed a wall of spears around the Elven King, and cut their way out of the battle at great loss. Finrod was safe, and in gratitude, swore an oath, promising help to Barahir and his kin should they need it. To reinforce this oath, he gave Barahir his [[Ring of Barahir|ring]], which would become an heirloom in his house.<ref name="Ruin">{{S|Fingolfin}}</ref>
{{quote|But still there lived in hiding cold<br>undaunted, Barahir the bold<br>of [[Ladros|land bereaved]], of lordship shorn<br>who once a prince of Men was born<br>and now an outlaw lurked and lay<br>in the [[Taur-nu-Fuin (Dorthonion)|hard heath and woodland gray]]<br>and with him clung his faithful men<br>but [[Beren]] his son and other ten.<br>Yet small as was their hunted band<br>still fell and fearless was each hand<br>and strong deed they wrought yet oft<br>and loved the woods, whose ways more soft<br>them seemed than thralls of that [[Dark Throne|black throne]]<br>to live and languish in [[Angband|halls of stone]].|''[[Lay of Leithian]]'', [[Lay of Leithian Canto II|Canto II]], lines 127-140}}
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==Etymology==
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After [[Morgoth]] conquered the lands, Barahir contested his dominion. Gradually all of the people of that region fled until Barahir had but twelve companions left: Beren, [[Baragund]] and [[Belegund]] (his nephews), and nine close and loyal kinsmen, [[Radhruin]], [[Dairuin]], [[Dagnir]], [[Ragnor]], [[Gildor (outlaw)|Gildor]], [[Gorlim]], [[Arthad]], [[Urthel]], and [[Hathaldir]].  As Dorthonion fell under dark enchantment and was called [[Taur-nu-Fuin]] the desperate band retreated to the rocky moors above the forest.<ref name="Ruin"/>
  
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In {{FA|460}} they were betrayed to [[Sauron]] by [[Gorlim]], tricked by [[Sauron]] into giving up the location.  Barahir and the others were [[Massacre of Tarn Aeluin|slaughtered]] near [[Tarn Aeluin]]. Barahir's son Beren alone escaped, since he was away on am errand when the outlaws' hideout was discovered. Returning to the camp Beren buried his father and pursued the Orcs who slew him. The captain of the Orcs had Barahir's hand with the [[Ring of Barahir|ring of Felagund]] on it when Beren found them; Beren killed the captain and retrieved the hand.<ref>{{S|Beren}}</ref>
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==Genealogy==
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | BOR | | | | | | | | | | | | |BOR=[[Boromir (Lord of Ladros)|Boromir]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | BRE | | AND | | BRL | | | | | | | | |BRE=[[Bregor]]|AND=[[Andreth]]|BRL=[[Beril]]}}
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{{familytree | |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | BRG | | HIR | | BGL | | GIL | | BAR |y| EME |BRG=[[Bregil]]|HIR=[[Hirwen]]|BGL=[[Bregolas]]|GIL=[[Gilwen]]|BAR='''BARAHIR'''|EME=[[Emeldir]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| | | | | | | |!| | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | BAR | | BLG | | LUT |y| BER | | |BAR=[[Baragund]]|BLG=[[Belegund]]|BER=[[Beren]]<br/>Erchamion|LUT=[[Lúthien]]<br/>Tinúviel}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | |}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | DIO | | | | |DIO=[[Dior]]<br/>Eluchil}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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==Etymology==
 
''Barahir'' is a [[Sindarin]] word and consists of ''[[bara]]'' ("fiery; eager") + ''[[hîr]]'' ("master, lord").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 351, 364</ref>
 
''Barahir'' is a [[Sindarin]] word and consists of ''[[bara]]'' ("fiery; eager") + ''[[hîr]]'' ("master, lord").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 351, 364</ref>
  
{{references}}
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==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
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In such early manuscripts as ''[[The Tale of Tinúviel]]'' and ''[[The Lay of Leithian]]'', the father of Beren was a [[Gnomes|Gnome]] named '''[[Egnor (disambiguation)|Egnor]]''', and was called [[Rog the Fleet]] by the [[Orcs]] of [[Morgoth|Melko]].<ref>{{LT1|X}}, pp. 241-1</ref><ref>{{LT2|I}}, ''passim'' (cf. Index)</ref><ref>{{HM|LB}}, ''passim'' (cf. Index)</ref>
  
{{sequence
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In the ''Grey Annals'' (written in the 1930s<ref>{{WJ|P1}}, p, 3</ref>) Barahir was born in {{FA|402}}, two years after his brother Bregolas, and they were both the sons of Bëor the Old.<ref>{{GA|125}}</ref> After ''The Lord of the Rings'' was written J.R.R. Tolkien overhauled the genealogy of the House of Bëor.<ref>{{WJ|14}}, ''The new genealogies of the Edain'', p. 229</ref>  Four generations were inserted after Bëor with Bregor made the father of Bregolas and Barahir (whose birth was now set in {{FA|400}}).<ref name="WJwest"/>
  |prev=[[Bregolas]]
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|next=[[Beren]]
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{{references}}
|list=4th [[Lord of Ladros]]<br><code>I</code> 455 – 460
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{{seq-start}}
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{{seq-head
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| race=edain
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| house=[[House of Bëor]]
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| born={{FA|400}}
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| died={{FA|460}}
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}}
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{{seq
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| prev=[[Bregolas]]
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| prow=2
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| list=7th Head of the [[House of Bëor]]
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| dates={{FA|455}} – {{FA|460|n}}
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| next=[[Beren]]
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}}
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{{seq
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| list=4th [[Lord of Ladros]]
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| dates={{FA|455}} {{FA|456|n}}
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| nvac=None
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| next=Lands abandoned
 
}}
 
}}
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{{seq-end}}
 
{{Outlaws}}
 
{{Outlaws}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Edain]]
 
[[Category:Edain]]
 
[[Category:House of Bëor]]
 
[[Category:House of Bëor]]

Revision as of 06:55, 11 December 2012

The name Barahir refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Barahir (disambiguation).
Antti Autio - The Oath of Felagund.jpg
Barahir
Adan
Biographical Information
Titles4th Lord of Ladros
Position7th Head of the House of Bëor
LocationLadros
BirthF.A. 400
RuleF.A. 455-460
DeathF.A. 460 (aged 60)
Tarn Aeluin
Family
HouseHouse of Bëor
ParentageBregor
SiblingsBregil, Hirwen, Bregolas, Gilwen
SpouseEmeldir
ChildrenBeren
Physical Description
GenderMale

Barahir (F.A. 400460) was a Man of Middle-earth, heir to the House of Bëor in the First Age and most famous as the father of Beren Erchamion.

History

Barahir, son of Bregor, married Emeldir the Man-Hearted. They had one son, Beren.[1]

In F.A. 455, Barahir fought in the Dagor Bragollach at the Pass of Sirion. Near the Fen of Serech, he hastened to Finrod Felagund's rescue with a small retinue of his bravest men. They formed a wall of spears around the Elven King, and cut their way out of the battle at great loss. Finrod was safe, and in gratitude, swore an oath, promising help to Barahir and his kin should they need it. To reinforce this oath, he gave Barahir his ring, which would become an heirloom in his house.[2]

After Morgoth conquered the lands, Barahir contested his dominion. Gradually all of the people of that region fled until Barahir had but twelve companions left: Beren, Baragund and Belegund (his nephews), and nine close and loyal kinsmen, Radhruin, Dairuin, Dagnir, Ragnor, Gildor, Gorlim, Arthad, Urthel, and Hathaldir. As Dorthonion fell under dark enchantment and was called Taur-nu-Fuin the desperate band retreated to the rocky moors above the forest.[2]

In F.A. 460 they were betrayed to Sauron by Gorlim, tricked by Sauron into giving up the location. Barahir and the others were slaughtered near Tarn Aeluin. Barahir's son Beren alone escaped, since he was away on am errand when the outlaws' hideout was discovered. Returning to the camp Beren buried his father and pursued the Orcs who slew him. The captain of the Orcs had Barahir's hand with the ring of Felagund on it when Beren found them; Beren killed the captain and retrieved the hand.[3]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boromir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bregor
 
Andreth
 
Beril
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bregil
 
Hirwen
 
Bregolas
 
Gilwen
 
BARAHIR
 
Emeldir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Baragund
 
Belegund
 
Lúthien
Tinúviel
 
Beren
Erchamion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dior
Eluchil
 
 
 
 


Etymology

Barahir is a Sindarin word and consists of bara ("fiery; eager") + hîr ("master, lord").[4]

Other Versions of the Legendarium

In such early manuscripts as The Tale of Tinúviel and The Lay of Leithian, the father of Beren was a Gnome named Egnor, and was called Rog the Fleet by the Orcs of Melko.[5][6][7]

In the Grey Annals (written in the 1930s[8]) Barahir was born in F.A. 402, two years after his brother Bregolas, and they were both the sons of Bëor the Old.[9] After The Lord of the Rings was written J.R.R. Tolkien overhauled the genealogy of the House of Bëor.[10] Four generations were inserted after Bëor with Bregor made the father of Bregolas and Barahir (whose birth was now set in F.A. 400).[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West (Chapter 14)", (i) The House of Bëor, p. 231
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beren and Lúthien"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 351, 364
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind", pp. 241-1
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Tale of Tinúviel" , passim (cf. Index)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, passim (cf. Index)
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part One. The Grey Annals", p, 3
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §125
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West (Chapter 14)", The new genealogies of the Edain, p. 229
Barahir
House of Bëor
Born: F.A. 400 Died: F.A. 460
Preceded by:
Bregolas
7th Head of the House of Bëor
F.A. 455460
Followed by:
Beren
4th Lord of Ladros
F.A. 455456
None
Lands abandoned


Barahir's Outlaw Band
Barahir · Beren · Gildor · Belegund · Baragund · Gorlim · Urthel · Dagnir · Ragnor · Radhruin · Dairuin · Arthad · Hathaldir