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Baranduin

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The '''Baranduin''' ('The Brown River') was also referred to as the '''Brandywine River'''.
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{{location
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| image=[[File:Mariët Theune - The Brandywine ferry.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Baranduin
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| othernames=Brandywine, Branda-nîn, Bralda-hîm
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| etymology=Goldenbrown water
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| type=River
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| location=[[Eriador]]
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| inhabitants=
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| realms=[[Arnor]], [[Arthedain]], [[the Shire]]
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| description=long, golden-brown river
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| events=
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| references=
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|}}
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{{quote|And no wonder they're queer, ... if they live on the wrong side of the Brandywine River, and right akin the Old Forest. That's a dark bad place, if half the tales be true.|[[Daddy Twofoot]], ''[[A Long-expected Party]]''}}
  
Flowing out of [[Lake Evendim|Nenuial]] ([[Lake Evendim]]) in northern [[Eriador]], the river flows eastward for about 60 miles before turning generally southward; after about another 120 miles it flows through the easternmost reaches of the [[Shire]], forming its eastern border except for [[Buckland]] which lies between it and the [[Old Forest]]. Its only major crossings in the Shire are the [[Brandywine Bridge]] (originally ''Bridge of Stonebows'') on the [[East Road]] and the [[Bucklebury Ferry]].
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The '''Baranduin''' was a river in [[Eriador]]. To the [[Hobbits]] of [[the Shire]], the '''Brandywine''' (as they called it) was the boundary between the known and unknown, and even those who lived in [[Buckland]] on the immediate opposite shore were considered "peculiar".
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==History==
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After the realm of [[Arnor]] was broken up in {{TA|861}}, the river south of the [[Brandywine Bridge]] served as part of the border between [[Arthedain]] and [[Cardolan]].<ref>{{App|A1iii}}</ref>
  
Skirting the Old Forest to the south, the river then loops south-westward, crossing an old road at [[Sarn Ford]] and flowing to the north of the depopulated region of [[Minhiriath]] before flowing into the [[Belegaer|Sundering Sea]] to the north of the forested region of [[Eryn Vorn]].
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When the [[Shire]] was founded, the river was its eastern border. In {{TA|2340}} [[Gorhendad Oldbuck]] crossed the river and founded [[Brandy Hall]], and Baranduin now separated the [[Eastfarthing]] from [[Buckland]].
  
The name ''Baranduin'' was [[Sindarin]] for "golden-brown river". The [[Hobbits]] of the Shire originally gave it the punning name ''Branda-nîn'', meaning "border water" in original Hobbitish [[Westron]]. This was later punned again as ''Bralda-hîm'' meaning "heady ale" (referring to the colour of its water), which Tolkien renders into English as ''Brandywine''.
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[[Primula Brandybuck|Primula]] and [[Drogo Baggins]], parents of [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]], were lost along the river in a boating accident in {{TA|2980}}.
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==Course==
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Flowing out of [[Lake Evendim]] in northern [[Eriador]], the river flowed eastward for about 60 miles before turning generally southward; after about another 120 miles it flowed through the easternmost reaches of the Shire, forming that land's eastern border, except for [[Buckland]], which lies east of it. Its only major crossings in the Shire are the [[Brandywine Bridge]] (originally ''Bridge of Stonebows'') on the [[East Road]] and the [[Bucklebury Ferry]]. The [[Girdley Island]] is  just above the Brandywine Bridge.
  
To the Hobbits of the Shire, the Brandywine was the boundary between the known and unknown, and even those who lived in [[Buckland]] on the immediate opposite shore were considered "peculiar".
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Skirting the [[Old Forest]] to the south, the river then looped south-westward, crossing an old road at [[Sarn Ford]] and flowed to the north of the depopulated region of [[Minhiriath]] before flowing into the [[Belegaer|Sea]] to the north of the forested region of [[Eryn Vorn]].
  
No tributary of the Baranduin are described except those near or in the Shire:
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==Tributaries==
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No tributares of the Baranduin are described except those near or in the Shire:
 
* [[The Water]] - central Shire, from the northwest
 
* [[The Water]] - central Shire, from the northwest
 
* [[The Stock-brook]] - arises in the Woody End
 
* [[The Stock-brook]] - arises in the Woody End
 
* River [[Shirebourn]] - rises in Green-Hill country, tributary is Thistle Brook
 
* River [[Shirebourn]] - rises in Green-Hill country, tributary is Thistle Brook
 
* [[Withywindle]] - from the Old Forest
 
* [[Withywindle]] - from the Old Forest
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* River [[Norbourn]] - in the [[Farthings|Northfarthing]]
  
There is a Girdley Island in the river just above the Brandywine Bridge.
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==Etymology==
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The name ''Baranduin'' was [[Sindarin]] for "golden-brown river", from ''[[baran (Sindarin)|baran]]'' and ''[[duin]]''.<ref name="Nomen">{{HM|N}}, pp. 765-6</ref>
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The [[Hobbits]] of the Shire originally gave it the punning name ''[[Branda-nîn]]'', meaning "border water" in original [[Hobbitish]] [[Westron]]. This was later punned again as ''[[Bralda-hîm]]'' meaning "heady ale" (referring to the colour of its water), which Tolkien renders into English as ''[[Brandywine]]''.<ref name="AppF">{{App|F2}}</ref>
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The word "Brandywine" both resembles the original Elvish name "Baranduin", and provides the Hobbitish meaning adequately.
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The word [[Wiktionary:brandywine|brandywine]] was actually the archaic English word for [[Wikipedia:brandy|brandy]] as imported from the Dutch ''[[Wiktionary:brandewijn|brandewijn]]''. [[David Salo]] noted that it represents a possible [[Old English]] *''baernedwin'', meaning "burned wine", which would resemble quite closely the original Elvish Baranduin.<ref>{{webcite|author=[[David Salo]]|articleurl=http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/121|articlename=Hobbitish Place-names|dated=23 November 1998|website=[[Elfling]]}}</ref> making [[Hobbitish]] ''Brandywine'' a legitimate corruption of S. ''Baranduin''.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
* [[Brandywine]] for other uses of the name.''
 
 
* [[:Category:Images of Baranduin|Images of Baranduin]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Baranduin|Images of Baranduin]]
  
[[Category:Rivers]]
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
[[Category:Shire]]
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[[Category:Rivers]]
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[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
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[[de:Baranduin]]
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[[fi:Baranduin]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:eaux:eriador:baranduin]]

Revision as of 23:31, 29 March 2013

Mariët Theune - The Brandywine ferry.jpg
Baranduin
Physical Description
TypeRiver
LocationEriador
RealmsArnor, Arthedain, the Shire
Descriptionlong, golden-brown river
General Information
Other namesBrandywine, Branda-nîn, Bralda-hîm
EtymologyGoldenbrown water
"And no wonder they're queer, ... if they live on the wrong side of the Brandywine River, and right akin the Old Forest. That's a dark bad place, if half the tales be true."
Daddy Twofoot, A Long-expected Party

The Baranduin was a river in Eriador. To the Hobbits of the Shire, the Brandywine (as they called it) was the boundary between the known and unknown, and even those who lived in Buckland on the immediate opposite shore were considered "peculiar".

Contents

History

After the realm of Arnor was broken up in T.A. 861, the river south of the Brandywine Bridge served as part of the border between Arthedain and Cardolan.[1]

When the Shire was founded, the river was its eastern border. In T.A. 2340 Gorhendad Oldbuck crossed the river and founded Brandy Hall, and Baranduin now separated the Eastfarthing from Buckland.

Primula and Drogo Baggins, parents of Frodo, were lost along the river in a boating accident in T.A. 2980.

Course

Flowing out of Lake Evendim in northern Eriador, the river flowed eastward for about 60 miles before turning generally southward; after about another 120 miles it flowed through the easternmost reaches of the Shire, forming that land's eastern border, except for Buckland, which lies east of it. Its only major crossings in the Shire are the Brandywine Bridge (originally Bridge of Stonebows) on the East Road and the Bucklebury Ferry. The Girdley Island is just above the Brandywine Bridge.

Skirting the Old Forest to the south, the river then looped south-westward, crossing an old road at Sarn Ford and flowed to the north of the depopulated region of Minhiriath before flowing into the Sea to the north of the forested region of Eryn Vorn.

Tributaries

No tributares of the Baranduin are described except those near or in the Shire:

Etymology

The name Baranduin was Sindarin for "golden-brown river", from baran and duin.[2]

The Hobbits of the Shire originally gave it the punning name Branda-nîn, meaning "border water" in original Hobbitish Westron. This was later punned again as Bralda-hîm meaning "heady ale" (referring to the colour of its water), which Tolkien renders into English as Brandywine.[3]

The word "Brandywine" both resembles the original Elvish name "Baranduin", and provides the Hobbitish meaning adequately.

The word brandywine was actually the archaic English word for brandy as imported from the Dutch brandewijn. David Salo noted that it represents a possible Old English *baernedwin, meaning "burned wine", which would resemble quite closely the original Elvish Baranduin.[4] making Hobbitish Brandywine a legitimate corruption of S. Baranduin.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 765-6
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  4. David Salo, "Hobbitish Place-names" dated 23 November 1998, Elfling (accessed 22 October 2014)