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Battle of Sarn Athrad

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{{sources}}
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{{battle
{{battle|
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| image=
image=|
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| name=Battle of Sarn Athrad
name=Battle of Sarn Athrad|
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| conflict=
conflict=[[Sack of Menegroth]]|
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| date={{FA|503}}
date=[[First Age 503 | 503]]|
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| place=The crossing at [[Sarn Athrad]] and the slopes of the [[Blue Mountains]]
place=The crossing at [[Sarn Athrad]], and the slopes of the [[Blue Mountains]]|
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| result=Complete destruction of the Dwarven host, recovery of the [[Nauglamír]]
result=Complete destruction of the Dwarven host|
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| side1=[[Elves]], [[Ents]]
side1=Elves|
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| side2=[[Dwarves]]
side2=Dwarves|
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| commanders1=*[[Beren|Beren Erchamion]]
commanders1=*[[Beren Erchamion]]|
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| commanders2=* King [[Naugladur]]
commanders2=Lord of the Naugrim|
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| forces1=
forces1=Unknown, Est. several thousand [[Wood-elves]], and several hundred [[Ents]]|
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| forces2=
forces2=Unknown, Est. 10-15,000 Dwarves from [[Nogrod]]|
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| casual1=  
casual1=
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| casual2=  
light, several hundred|
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casual2=
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obliterated, none survived|
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}}
 
}}
 
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The '''Battle of Sarn Athrad''' was a fight between the [[Dwarves]] of [[Nogrod]] and [[Elves]] of [[Ossiriand]] after the [[Battle of the Thousand Caves]] and the sack of [[Menegroth]].
The '''Battle of Sarn Athrad''' took place at [[Sarn Athrad]], the ford of the river [[Gelion]].   
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==History==
 
==History==
The [[Dwarves]] were returning from the [[sack of Doriath]], and were weighted down with the spoils of [[Menegroth]].  At this ford [[Beren Erchamion]] ambushed them with his son [[Dior Eluchíl|Dior]] and the [[Laiquendi]] of [[Ossiriand]]. Beren slew the Lord of the Naugrim  
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===Prelude===
 
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In {{FA|502}}<ref name="Tale">{{WJ|Years}}, p. 346</ref> King [[Thingol]] of [[Doriath]] had asked Dwarves from [[Nogrod]] to remake the [[Nauglamír]] and set in it the [[Silmaril]] he had received from [[Beren]].  Dwarven craftsmen from Nogrod performed this task but in secret they were determined to possess the finished work and carry it off to their mountain home. When Thingol was ready to place the completed necklace about his neck the Dwarves challenged his right to own it. He rebuked them and they slew the king. The Dwarves took the necklace and fled eastward.  All but two were killed, the Nauglamír was retaken, and was brought back to Queen [[Melian]].  However, the two Dwarves who escaped went to Nogrod and spread a false tale that Thingol had had the Dwarves killed in Doriath to cheat them of their reward for fashioning the necklace.
Many of the Dwarves were killed, and those who were not fled right into the hands of the [[Ents]], who drove them in turn into the forest, from which none escaped.   
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The wrath of the Dwarves was kindled by the false report and long they plotted vengeance.  Aid was sought from the Dwarves of [[Belegost]] but they denied it and tried to dissuade the Dwarves of Nogord from their purpose.<ref name="Ruin">{{S|Doriath}}</ref> Their attempt did not avail; in {{FA|503}}<ref name="Tale"/> Nogrod issued a great host that marched on Doriath.  In the meantime the grieving Melian left [[Middle-earth]], which withdrew the [[Girdle of Melian]] that had long protected the realm.  There was thus no hindrance when the Dwarves swept into Menegroth, fought and killed many Elves, and took the Nauglamír and other plunder.<ref name="Ruin"/>
This was Beren's last battle and took the [[Nauglamír]] that was among the booty back to [[Tol Galen]] for his wife, [[Lúthien]].
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===The Battle===
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Word of the host of Dwarves in war gear heading west had come to Beren and [[Lúthien]], then dwelling on [[Tol Galen]].  Soon a messenger from Doriath came and revealed what had befallen.  Beren, his son [[Dior]], and a host of [[Green-elves]] of [[Ossiriand]] journeyed swiftly north to the river [[Ascar]], which emptied into the [[Gelion]] near the Dwarf-road crossing at [[Sarn Athrad]].<ref name="Ruin"/>
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Unaware of any peril, the reduced host of Dwarves burdened with the spoils of Doriath entered the ford. As they climbed up Gelion's banks the air filled with the sound of elven-horns and the shafts of arrows.  Beren slew King [[Naugladur]], the Lord of Nogrod,<ref>{{LT2|IV}}, p.225</ref> and took from him the Nauglamír. Although most of the Dwarves were killed in the ford, some escaped and fled towards the mountains.  However, as they climbed the slopes of [[Mount Dolmed]], [[Ents]] came forth and drove the Dwarves into the forest, from which none escaped.<ref name="Ruin"/>
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===Aftermath===
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This was Beren's last battle. As the Lord of Nogrod was dying he cursed all of the treasure taken from Doriath.  Beren took the [[Nauglamír]], washed it of blood, and took it back to Tol Galen for [[Lúthien]].  The rest of the treasure though was cast into the [[Ascar]], which from then on carried the named [[Rathlóriel]], the Goldenbed. Dior left his parents and took up the kingship in Doriath.  After his parents died the recovered Nauglamír came to Dior.  Eventually news of the necklace and its Silmaril came to the sons of [[Fëanor]] who assaulted and destroyed Doriath.<ref name="Ruin"/>
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{{references}}
 
{{references}}
*{{S|22}}
 
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the First Age]]
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the First Age]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:evenements:1a:guerres:bataille_de_sarn_athrad]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:evenements:1a:guerres:bataille_de_sarn_athrad]]

Latest revision as of 01:53, 25 February 2013

Battle of Sarn Athrad
Date: F.A. 503
Place: The crossing at Sarn Athrad and the slopes of the Blue Mountains
Outcome: Complete destruction of the Dwarven host, recovery of the Nauglamír
Combatants

Elves, Ents

Dwarves

Commanders

The Battle of Sarn Athrad was a fight between the Dwarves of Nogrod and Elves of Ossiriand after the Battle of the Thousand Caves and the sack of Menegroth.

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Prelude

In F.A. 502[1] King Thingol of Doriath had asked Dwarves from Nogrod to remake the Nauglamír and set in it the Silmaril he had received from Beren. Dwarven craftsmen from Nogrod performed this task but in secret they were determined to possess the finished work and carry it off to their mountain home. When Thingol was ready to place the completed necklace about his neck the Dwarves challenged his right to own it. He rebuked them and they slew the king. The Dwarves took the necklace and fled eastward. All but two were killed, the Nauglamír was retaken, and was brought back to Queen Melian. However, the two Dwarves who escaped went to Nogrod and spread a false tale that Thingol had had the Dwarves killed in Doriath to cheat them of their reward for fashioning the necklace.

The wrath of the Dwarves was kindled by the false report and long they plotted vengeance. Aid was sought from the Dwarves of Belegost but they denied it and tried to dissuade the Dwarves of Nogord from their purpose.[2] Their attempt did not avail; in F.A. 503[1] Nogrod issued a great host that marched on Doriath. In the meantime the grieving Melian left Middle-earth, which withdrew the Girdle of Melian that had long protected the realm. There was thus no hindrance when the Dwarves swept into Menegroth, fought and killed many Elves, and took the Nauglamír and other plunder.[2]

[edit] The Battle

Word of the host of Dwarves in war gear heading west had come to Beren and Lúthien, then dwelling on Tol Galen. Soon a messenger from Doriath came and revealed what had befallen. Beren, his son Dior, and a host of Green-elves of Ossiriand journeyed swiftly north to the river Ascar, which emptied into the Gelion near the Dwarf-road crossing at Sarn Athrad.[2]

Unaware of any peril, the reduced host of Dwarves burdened with the spoils of Doriath entered the ford. As they climbed up Gelion's banks the air filled with the sound of elven-horns and the shafts of arrows. Beren slew King Naugladur, the Lord of Nogrod,[3] and took from him the Nauglamír. Although most of the Dwarves were killed in the ford, some escaped and fled towards the mountains. However, as they climbed the slopes of Mount Dolmed, Ents came forth and drove the Dwarves into the forest, from which none escaped.[2]

[edit] Aftermath

This was Beren's last battle. As the Lord of Nogrod was dying he cursed all of the treasure taken from Doriath. Beren took the Nauglamír, washed it of blood, and took it back to Tol Galen for Lúthien. The rest of the treasure though was cast into the Ascar, which from then on carried the named Rathlóriel, the Goldenbed. Dior left his parents and took up the kingship in Doriath. After his parents died the recovered Nauglamír came to Dior. Eventually news of the necklace and its Silmaril came to the sons of Fëanor who assaulted and destroyed Doriath.[2]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: V. The Tale of Years", p. 346
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Nauglafring" , p.225