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Battle of the Plains

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The '''Battle of the Plains''' was a battle fought in [[Third Age 1856 | 1856]], in which the armies of [[Gondor]] and their allies the [[Northmen]] faced the invading [[Wainriders]].
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{{battle
 
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| name=Battle of the Plains
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| image=[[Image:Olanda Fong-Surdenas - Easterling.jpg|300px]]
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| conflict=[[Wainrider/Balchoth War]]
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| date={{TA|1856}}
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| place=Plains south of Mirkwood
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| result=Victory for the Wainriders
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| side1=Gondor, Northmen (pre-Éothéod)
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| side2=Wainriders
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| commanders1=[[Image:ME-GondorKing.png|45px|left]] Narmacil II †
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| commanders2=[[Image:ME-Easterlings.png|45px|left]] Unknown Wainrider commander
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| forces1=
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| forces2=
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| casual1=Severe
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|casual2=Probably moderate
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|}}
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The '''Battle of the Plains''' was fought in {{TA|1856}}, in which the armies of [[Gondor]] and their allies the [[Northmen]] faced the invading [[Wainriders]].
  
 
== Prior to the Battle ==
 
== Prior to the Battle ==
 
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Prior to the battle, in the winter of {{TA|1635}},<ref name="Cirion">{{UT|Cirion}}, (i) ''The Northmen and the Wainriders''</ref> the [[Great Plague]] arrived by dark winds in the northwest of [[Middle-earth]].  The heaviest impact struck the kingdoms of [[Rhovanion (Realm)|Rhovanion]], which lost half of its people, and Gondor, where in {{TA|1636}} it killed many thousands of its people as well.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>  They were slow to recover; but fortunately, their weaknesses went untested for decades.<ref name="Cirion"/> The [[Easterlings]] had also been afflicted, so that the enemies of Gondor struck mainly from the south, or were maritime raiders.  But when the Wainriders invasions began in {{TA|1851}},<ref name="TA"/> they involved Gondor in wars that lasted for nearly a hundred years. In these conflicts, the Northmen bore the brunt of the first assaults.<ref name="Cirion"/>
Twenty one years prior to the battle, the [[Great Plague]] had killed thousands of people from east to west.  The heaviest of these being in the kingdoms of [[Rhovanion]], which lost half its people, and Gondor who lost many thousands as well.  
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They were slow to recover; but their weakness was not tested for a long timeNo doubt the  [[Easterlings]] had been equally afflicted, so that the enemies of Gondor came mainly from the south or from the sea.  But when the invasions of the Wainriders began and involved Gondor in wars that lasted for almost a hundred years, the Northmen bore the brunt of the first assaults.
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== The Battle ==
 
== The Battle ==
 
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In {{TA|1856}} King [[Narmacil II]] of Gondor took a great army north to the plains south of [[Mirkwood]], and gathered together all that he could of the scattered remnants of the Northmen.  The Wainriders descended upon this combined force from the north and northeast.  Narmacil II was defeated, and he himself was slain in the battle as well as [[Marhari]] leader of the Northmen, who died fighting in the rearguard. The remnant of Gondor's army retreated over [[Dagorlad]] into [[Ithilien]].<ref name="Cirion"/>
Though we know little of what happened we do know that King [[Narmacil II]] took a great army north to the plains south of [[Mirkwood]], and gathered all he could of the scattered remnants of the Northmen; but he was defeated, and he himself was slain in the battle as well as [[Marhari]] leader of the Northmen, who died in the rearguard. The remnant of his army retreated over [[Dagorlad]] into [[Ithilien]].
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== Aftermath and Repercussions ==
 
== Aftermath and Repercussions ==
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The battle was a disaster for [[Gondor]].  The king was slain, and the lands east of the river [[Anduin]] were abandoned, save Ithilien.  Narmacil was succeeded by his son [[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]].  However, the forces of Gondor did inflict enough damage to the Wainriders to prevent any deeper incursion into Gondor; instead they invaders completed their conquest of Rhovanion.<ref name="Cirion"/>
  
The battle was a disaster for [[Gondor]].  The king was slain, and the lands east of the river [[Anduin]] were abandoned, save Ithilien.  Narmacil was succeeded by his son [[Calimehtar]]. 
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As for the Northmen, a few fled over the river [[River Running|Celduin]] and merged with the [[Men of Dale|People of Dale]] (with whom they were akin), some took refuge in Gondor, and others were gathereed under the leadership of [[Marhwini]] son of Marhari.  Marhwini led his people north between Anduin and Mirkwood, eventually settling east of the Great River in the [[Vales of Anduin]] between the [[Carrock]] and the [[Gladden Fields]].<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, (i) ''The Northmen and the Wainriders'', note 8</ref> They were joined by many fugitives who came through Mirkwood.  This was the birth of the [[Éothéod]], though no news of this reached Gondor for many years.  Most of the Northmen were reduced to servitude, and all their former lands were occupied by the Wainriders.<ref name="Cirion"/>
As for the Northmen, a few fled over the river [[Celduin]] and merged with the [[Men of Dale | People of Dale]] (with whom they were akin), some forsook refuge in Gondor, and others were gathering under the leadership of [[Marhwini]] son of Marhari.  They headed north and eventually settled east of Anduin in the [[Vales of the Anduin]].  They were joined by many fugitives who came through Mirkwood.  This was the birth of the [[Éothéod]], though no news of this reached Gondor for many years.  Most of the Northmen were reduced to servitude, and all their former lands were occupied by the Wainriders.
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== Sources ==
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*[[The Return of the King]] [[Appendix A]]
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*[[Unfinished Tales]]
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the Third Age]]
 
[[Category:Conflicts of the Third Age]]
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[[de:Schlacht auf den Ebenen]]
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[[fr:encyclo:evenements:3a:guerres:bataille_des_plaines]]
 
[[fi:Tasankojen Taistelu]]
 
[[fi:Tasankojen Taistelu]]

Revision as of 06:14, 13 May 2012

Battle of the Plains
Olanda Fong-Surdenas - Easterling.jpg
Conflict: Wainrider/Balchoth War
Date: T.A. 1856
Place: Plains south of Mirkwood
Outcome: Victory for the Wainriders
Combatants

Gondor, Northmen (pre-Éothéod)

Wainriders

Commanders
Narmacil II † Unknown Wainrider commander
Casualties

Severe

Probably moderate

The Battle of the Plains was fought in T.A. 1856, in which the armies of Gondor and their allies the Northmen faced the invading Wainriders.

Contents

Prior to the Battle

Prior to the battle, in the winter of T.A. 1635,[1] the Great Plague arrived by dark winds in the northwest of Middle-earth. The heaviest impact struck the kingdoms of Rhovanion, which lost half of its people, and Gondor, where in T.A. 1636 it killed many thousands of its people as well.[2] They were slow to recover; but fortunately, their weaknesses went untested for decades.[1] The Easterlings had also been afflicted, so that the enemies of Gondor struck mainly from the south, or were maritime raiders. But when the Wainriders invasions began in T.A. 1851,[2] they involved Gondor in wars that lasted for nearly a hundred years. In these conflicts, the Northmen bore the brunt of the first assaults.[1]

The Battle

In T.A. 1856 King Narmacil II of Gondor took a great army north to the plains south of Mirkwood, and gathered together all that he could of the scattered remnants of the Northmen. The Wainriders descended upon this combined force from the north and northeast. Narmacil II was defeated, and he himself was slain in the battle as well as Marhari leader of the Northmen, who died fighting in the rearguard. The remnant of Gondor's army retreated over Dagorlad into Ithilien.[1]

Aftermath and Repercussions

The battle was a disaster for Gondor. The king was slain, and the lands east of the river Anduin were abandoned, save Ithilien. Narmacil was succeeded by his son Calimehtar. However, the forces of Gondor did inflict enough damage to the Wainriders to prevent any deeper incursion into Gondor; instead they invaders completed their conquest of Rhovanion.[1]

As for the Northmen, a few fled over the river Celduin and merged with the People of Dale (with whom they were akin), some took refuge in Gondor, and others were gathereed under the leadership of Marhwini son of Marhari. Marhwini led his people north between Anduin and Mirkwood, eventually settling east of the Great River in the Vales of Anduin between the Carrock and the Gladden Fields.[3] They were joined by many fugitives who came through Mirkwood. This was the birth of the Éothéod, though no news of this reached Gondor for many years. Most of the Northmen were reduced to servitude, and all their former lands were occupied by the Wainriders.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", (i) The Northmen and the Wainriders
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", (i) The Northmen and the Wainriders, note 8