Tolkien Gateway

Bears

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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Early [[Noldorin]] had two words for ''bear'': ''[[brôg]]''<ref name="morok">{{HM|LR}}, "[[The Etymologies]]", entry [[MOROK]]</ref> and ''[[megli]]'' (with the variation ''[[meglivorn]]'' "Black bear")<ref>{{HM|LR}}, "[[The Etymologies]]", entry [[LIS]]-</ref> In Sindarin, only the word ''[[graw]]'' is attested,<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Patrick H. Wynne]] (ed.), "''Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals'' and Related Writings", published in ''[[Vinyar Tengwar]]'' [[Vinyar Tengwar 47|#47]] (February [[2005]]), pages 3-42, esp. 14</ref> though [[Didier Willis]] also suggested the "updated" word ''Medli''.<ref>[[Didier Willis]], ''[[Elfling]]'', [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/4007 message 4007]</ref> Only one Quenya word for "bear" is given, sharing a [[root]] with ''brôg'': ''[[morco]]''.<ref name="morok"/>
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Early [[Noldorin]] had two words for ''bear'': ''[[brôg]]''<ref name="morok">{{HM|LR}}, "[[The Etymologies]]", entry [[MOROK]]</ref> and ''[[megli]]'' (with the variation ''[[meglivorn]]'' "Black bear")<ref>{{HM|LR}}, "[[The Etymologies]]", entry [[LIS]]-</ref> In [[Sindarin]], only the word ''[[graw]]'' is attested,<ref>{{VT|47a}}, p. 12 (note 3)</ref> though [[Didier Willis]] also suggested the "updated" word ''Medli''.<ref>[[Didier Willis]], ''[[Elfling]]'', [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/4007 message 4007]</ref> Only one [[Quenya]] word for "bear" is given, sharing a [[Sundocarmë|Root]] with ''brôg'': ''[[morco]]''.<ref name="morok"/>
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
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Bears play a significantly bigger role in other stories, most notably ''[[Mr. Bliss]]'' and ''[[The Father Christmas Letters]]''.  
 
Bears play a significantly bigger role in other stories, most notably ''[[Mr. Bliss]]'' and ''[[The Father Christmas Letters]]''.  
 
* The former included three mischievous bears [[Archie]], [[Teddy]] and [[Bruno]], who more resemble teddybears in Tolkien's drawings.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[Mr. Bliss]]'', page 13</ref>  
 
* The former included three mischievous bears [[Archie]], [[Teddy]] and [[Bruno]], who more resemble teddybears in Tolkien's drawings.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[Mr. Bliss]]'', page 13</ref>  
* [[Karhu]], the Great Polar Bear, helped [[Father Christmas]] writing his letters by making side comments. Other polar bears were [[Paksu]] and [[Valktukka]].<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Baillie Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[Letters from Father Christmas]]''</ref>
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* [[Karhu]], the Great Polar Bear, helped [[Father Christmas]] writing his letters by making side comments. Other polar bears were [[Paksu]] and [[Valkotukka]].<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Baillie Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[Letters from Father Christmas]]''</ref>
  
 
==Portrayal in adaptations==
 
==Portrayal in adaptations==
 
'''2003: ''[[The Hobbit (2003 video game)|Sierra's The Hobbit]]'':'''
 
'''2003: ''[[The Hobbit (2003 video game)|Sierra's The Hobbit]]'':'''
 
:[[Beorn]] appears only in the shape of a black bear.<ref>''[[The Hobbit (2003 video game)]]'', "The Clouds Burst"</ref>
 
:[[Beorn]] appears only in the shape of a black bear.<ref>''[[The Hobbit (2003 video game)]]'', "The Clouds Burst"</ref>
 +
 
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth]]'':'''
 
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth]]'':'''
:Bears appear as wildlife in the map "Mirkwood".<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth]]'', "Mirkwood"  
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:Bears appear as wildlife in the map "Mirkwood".<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth]]'', "Mirkwood"</ref>
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 +
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
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:Bears are found in many places of Middle-earth and range in size of large dog to the size of a small elephant. They are typically not agressive, but will fight if the player threatens them. Players that are lore-masters are able to use a bear as a combat pet.
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{{references}}
 
{{references}}
[[Category:Mammals]]
+
 
 +
[[Category:Animals]]
 
[[de:Bären]]
 
[[de:Bären]]
 
[[fi:Karhut]]
 
[[fi:Karhut]]

Revision as of 19:18, 14 November 2011

"I should say there were little bears, large bears, ordinary bears, and gigantic big bears, all dancing outside from dark to nearly dawn."
Gandalf[1]

Bears were large and ferocious animals, notorious for their love of honey.[2]

Contents

History

Bears lived in the Misty Mountains for some time, though by the late Third Age, their number had diminished. Gandalf told Bilbo that giants had taken up their homes in that mountain range. One of the alleged origins of Beorn, the skin changer, was that he had descended from them.[1]

Etymology

Early Noldorin had two words for bear: brôg[3] and megli (with the variation meglivorn "Black bear")[4] In Sindarin, only the word graw is attested,[5] though Didier Willis also suggested the "updated" word Medli.[6] Only one Quenya word for "bear" is given, sharing a Root with brôg: morco.[3]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the earliest outlines of The Fall of Gondolin, Tuor was clad in the skins of bears.[7] The sinews of bears were also used to make bowstring[8] and harp strings.[7]

Other fiction

Bears play a significantly bigger role in other stories, most notably Mr. Bliss and The Father Christmas Letters.

Portrayal in adaptations

2003: Sierra's The Hobbit:

Beorn appears only in the shape of a black bear.[11]

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth:

Bears appear as wildlife in the map "Mirkwood".[12]

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Bears are found in many places of Middle-earth and range in size of large dog to the size of a small elephant. They are typically not agressive, but will fight if the player threatens them. Players that are lore-masters are able to use a bear as a combat pet.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "The Etymologies", entry MOROK
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "The Etymologies", entry LIS-
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, p. 12 (note 3)
  6. Didier Willis, Elfling, message 4007
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "The Lay of the Children of Húrin", line 1073 (page 47)
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Mr. Bliss, page 13
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Baillie Tolkien (ed.), Letters from Father Christmas
  11. The Hobbit (2003 video game), "The Clouds Burst"
  12. The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth, "Mirkwood"