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Belegost

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'''Belegost''' was one of two [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] cities in the [[Ered Luin]]. Its name in [[Westron]] was '''''Mickleburg'''''.
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{{kingdom
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| image =[[File:Mark Fisher - Belegost.gif]]
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| name = Belegost
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| meaning = [[Sindarin|S.]] Great Fortress
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| type =
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| headofstate = King, Chieftain, or [[Lord of Belegost]]
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| executive =
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| legislative =
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| judicial =
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| capital = Belegost
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| language =  Khuzdul, Sindarin
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| location = Northeast of Mount Dolmed
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| populace= [[Dwarves of Belegost]]
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| currency =
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| religious =
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| holiday =
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| anthem =
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| formed =Unknown
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| established = Unknown, possibly the during Years of the Trees
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| reorganized =
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| fragmented =
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| dissolved = {{FA|587}}
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| restored =
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}}
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'''Belegost''' was one of two great [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] [[Dwarf realms|cities]] in the [[Ered Luin]].
  
Belegost lay the central part of the Ered Luin, and was home to the Dwarven House known as the ''[[Broadbeams]]''. Its name in [[Khuzdul]] was ''Gabilgathol'' probably meaning "great fortess". ''Belegost'' in [[Sindarin]] translates as "Great Fortress" as well.
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==Description==
Its lord until [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]] was [[Azaghâl]].
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The [[Dwarves of Belegost]] were friends to the [[Sindar]] and later also the [[Ñoldor]] of [[Beleriand]]. They did not join the Dwarves of [[Nogrod]] in the Sack of [[Doriath]], and actually attempted to dissuade their kinsman from it.
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Belegost lay the north central part of the Ered Luin, north of [[Nogrod]] and northeast of [[Mount Dolmed]],<ref>{{S|Map}}</ref> guarding one of the only passes through the mountain range.<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")</ref>
  
Unlike [[Nogrod]] to the South, '''Belegost''' may have partly survived after the [[War of Wrath]], although it was recorded as having been 'ruined' at that time: many Dwarves of '''Belegost''' joined [[Durin's folk]] in [[Khazad-dûm]] 60 years after the war, but there were always Dwarves on the Eastern side of the mountains.
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==History==
  
[[Category:Cities]]
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Belegost was home to the [[Dwarves of Belegost]]. During the mid [[First Age]] its king until [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]] was [[Azaghâl]].<ref>{{S|Fifth}}</ref>
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Belegost was probably founded sometime during the [[Years of the Trees]].<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")</ref>
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At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the [[War of Wrath]],<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref> and apparently abandoned.  Many Dwarves from Belegost joined [[Durin's folk]] in [[Khazad-dûm]] around {{TA|40}}.<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref> However, there were always Dwarves on the Eastern side of the Blue Mountains.{{fact}}
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==Etymology==
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''Belegost'' ([[beleg]] + [[ost]]) was a [[Sindarin]] translation of the original [[Dwarvish]] name '''''Gabilgathol''''' and both mean "Great City".  Unlike other names of the ''Silmarillion'', the text also gives us an English rendering, which was possibly from [[Westron]]: '''''Mickleburg'''''.<ref name="Sindar">{{S|Sindar}}</ref> ''Mickle'' is a root meaning "big"; see also [[Michel Delving]].
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The city's [[Khuzdul]] name '''''Gabilgathol''''' contains the elements ''[[gabil]]'' "great" and ''[[gathol]]'' "fortress".
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'''''Túrosto''''' was the name in [[Quenya]] for Belegost.<ref>{{WJ|AB}}, p. 389</ref>
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==In adaptations==
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In ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'' the fortress is incorrectly called '''Gabilgathod'''.<ref>[[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'', Beleriand and the Lands to the North, Map</ref>
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
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[[Category:Eriador]]
[[Category:Dwarven Kingdoms]]
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[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
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[[de:Belegost]]
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[[fi:Belegost]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:villes_tours_et_forteresses:beleriand:belegost]]

Revision as of 22:14, 26 October 2012

Mark Fisher - Belegost.gif
Belegost
Political information
EtymologyS. Great Fortress
Head of StateKing, Chieftain, or Lord of Belegost
Societal information
CapitalBelegost
LanguageKhuzdul, Sindarin
LocationNortheast of Mount Dolmed
PopulaceDwarves of Belegost
Historical information
Formed fromUnknown
EstablishmentUnknown, possibly the during Years of the Trees
DissolutionF.A. 587

Belegost was one of two great Dwarven cities in the Ered Luin.

Contents

Description

Belegost lay the north central part of the Ered Luin, north of Nogrod and northeast of Mount Dolmed,[1] guarding one of the only passes through the mountain range.[2]

History

Belegost was home to the Dwarves of Belegost. During the mid First Age its king until Nirnaeth Arnoediad was Azaghâl.[3]

Belegost was probably founded sometime during the Years of the Trees.[4]

At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the War of Wrath,[5] and apparently abandoned. Many Dwarves from Belegost joined Durin's folk in Khazad-dûm around T.A. 40.[6] However, there were always Dwarves on the Eastern side of the Blue Mountains.[source?]

Etymology

Belegost (beleg + ost) was a Sindarin translation of the original Dwarvish name Gabilgathol and both mean "Great City". Unlike other names of the Silmarillion, the text also gives us an English rendering, which was possibly from Westron: Mickleburg.[7] Mickle is a root meaning "big"; see also Michel Delving.

The city's Khuzdul name Gabilgathol contains the elements gabil "great" and gathol "fortress".

Túrosto was the name in Quenya for Belegost.[8]

In adaptations

In The Atlas of Middle-earth the fortress is incorrectly called Gabilgathod.[9]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix B. Elvish names for the Dwarves", p. 389
  9. Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, Beleriand and the Lands to the North, Map