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Belegost

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{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image =[[File:Mark Fisher - Belegost.gif]]
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| image=[[File:Mark Fisher - Belegost.gif|250px]]
| name = Belegost
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| name=Belegost
| meaning = [[Sindarin|S.]] Great Fortress
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| pronun=
| type =  
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| othernames=Gabilgathol
| headofstate = King, Chieftain, or [[Lord of Belegost]]
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| location=[[Blue Mountains]], north-east of [[Dolmed|Mount Dolmed]]
| executive =
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| capital=
| legislative =  
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| towns=
| judicial =  
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| regions=
| capital = Belegost
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| population=[[Dwarves of Belegost]]
| language = Khuzdul, Sindarin
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| language=[[Khuzdul]], Sindarin
| location = Northeast of Mount Dolmed
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| govern1=[[Lord of Belegost]]
| populace= [[Dwarves of Belegost]]
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| govern2=
| currency =  
+
| govern3=
| religious =  
+
| currency=
| holiday =  
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| holiday=
| anthem =  
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| precededby=
| formed =Unknown
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| event1=Destruction of [[Beleriand]]
| established = Unknown, possibly the during Years of the Trees
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| event1date={{FA|587}}
| reorganized =
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| event2=
| fragmented =
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| event2date=
| dissolved = {{FA|587}}
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| event3=
| restored =  
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| event3date=
 +
| event4=
 +
| event4date=
 +
| event5=
 +
| event5date=
 +
| followedby=
 
}}
 
}}
 
'''Belegost''' was one of two great [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] [[Dwarf realms|cities]] in the [[Ered Luin]].
 
'''Belegost''' was one of two great [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] [[Dwarf realms|cities]] in the [[Ered Luin]].
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==Description==
 
==Description==
  
Belegost lay the north central part of the Ered Luin, north of [[Nogrod]] and northeast of [[Mount Dolmed]],<ref>{{S|Map}}</ref> guarding one of the only passes through the mountain range.<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")</ref>
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Belegost lay in the north central part of the Ered Luin, north of [[Nogrod]] and northeast of [[Dolmed|Mount Dolmed]],<ref>{{S|Map}}</ref> guarding one of the only passes through the mountain range.<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
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Belegost was probably founded sometime during the [[Years of the Trees]].<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")</ref>
 
Belegost was probably founded sometime during the [[Years of the Trees]].<ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")</ref>
  
At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the [[War of Wrath]],<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref> and apparently abandoned.  Many Dwarves from Belegost joined [[Durin's folk]] in [[Khazad-dûm]] around {{TA|40}}.<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref> However, there were always Dwarves on the Eastern side of the Blue Mountains.{{fact}}
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At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the [[War of Wrath]],<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref> and around the [[Second Age 40|fortieth year]] of the [[Second Age]] the Dwarves of the Blue Mountains began to migrate to [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]], abandoning Nogrod and Belegost.<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> However, there always remained some Dwarves on the eastern side of the Blue Mountains in days afterward.<ref>{{UT|Concerning}} p. 235</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==

Latest revision as of 11:13, 10 August 2016

Mark Fisher - Belegost.gif
Belegost
General information
Other namesGabilgathol
LocationBlue Mountains, north-east of Mount Dolmed
People
PopulationDwarves of Belegost
LanguageKhuzdul, Sindarin
GovernanceLord of Belegost
History
Destruction of BeleriandF.A. 587

Belegost was one of two great Dwarven cities in the Ered Luin.

Contents

[edit] Description

Belegost lay in the north central part of the Ered Luin, north of Nogrod and northeast of Mount Dolmed,[1] guarding one of the only passes through the mountain range.[2]

[edit] History

Belegost was home to the Dwarves of Belegost. During the mid First Age its king until Nirnaeth Arnoediad was Azaghâl.[3]

Belegost was probably founded sometime during the Years of the Trees.[4]

At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the War of Wrath,[5] and around the fortieth year of the Second Age the Dwarves of the Blue Mountains began to migrate to Khazad-dûm, abandoning Nogrod and Belegost.[6] However, there always remained some Dwarves on the eastern side of the Blue Mountains in days afterward.[7]

[edit] Etymology

Belegost (beleg + ost) was a Sindarin translation of the original Dwarvish name Gabilgathol and both mean "Great City". Unlike other names of the Silmarillion, the text also gives us an English rendering, which was possibly from Westron: Mickleburg.[8] Mickle is a root meaning "big"; see also Michel Delving.

The city's Khuzdul name Gabilgathol contains the elements gabil "great" and gathol "fortress".

Túrosto was the name in Quenya for Belegost.[9]

[edit] In adaptations

In The Atlas of Middle-earth the fortress is incorrectly called Gabilgathod.[10]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn" p. 235
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix B. Elvish names for the Dwarves", p. 389
  10. Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, Beleriand and the Lands to the North, Map