Belegost lay in the southern part of the mountain range, and was home to the Dwarven House known as the Broadbeams. Its name in Khuzdul was Gabilgathol of unknown meaning. Belegost in Sindarin translates as "Great Fortress". Its king until Nirnaeth Arnoediad was Azaghâl.
The Dwarves of Belegost were friends to the Sindar and later also the Ñoldor of Beleriand. They did not join the Dwarves of Nogrod in the Sack of Doriath, and actually attempted to dissuade their friends from it.
Unlike Nogrod to the north, Belegost partly survived after the War of Wrath, although it was recorded as having been 'ruined' at that time: many Dwarves of Belegost joined Durin's folk in Khazad-dûm 60 years after the war, but the Ered Luin remained home to Dwarves until at least the early Fourth Age, including some of Durin's folk.