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Revision as of 11:05, 26 March 2014
|Affiliation||Thorin and Company, Beornings|
|Death||between T.A. 2941 and 3018 |
His origins lay in the distant past, and Gandalf suspected he and his people had originally come from the mountains, until the Orcs of the Misty Mountains drove them away. He lived with his tame horses in a wooden house (Beorn's Hall) between the Misty Mountains and Mirkwood, to the east of the Great River of Wilderland.
Beorn named the Carrock and created the steps that led from its base to the flat top. Once Gandalf saw him as a bear sitting all alone on the top of the Carrock watching the moon sinking towards the Misty Mountains, and heard him growl in the tongue of bears "The day will come when they will perish and I shall go back!". While Gandalf knew him, Beorn did not know Gandalf; but he knew his cousin, Radagast.
Eventually became a "great chief" in the Vales of Anduin, and it is said that his descendants also were skin-changers, able to take the shape of a bear. His people became known as the Beornings, and they helped defend Thranduil's kingdom of northern Mirkwood.
Beorn was generally benevolent and hated goblins and wargs; but he was also a loner and distrustful of travelers and beggars. He was never polite, and became easily angry and appalling. He never invited people into his house and his very few friends who lived a good way away, came no more than a couple to his house at a time. Added to this, Beorn was not fond of Dwarves.
Although fierce to his enemies, once convinced of the others' goodwill, he was welcoming, generous and helpful.
He did not eat any meat, as he could talk with his animals, who helped him. His grove was occupied by huge bees. Beorn's diet was mainly honey and cream
Beorn is an Old English word meaning "a warrior, a hero, a man of valour" (also, poetic "man"), cognate to Old Norse björn ("bear"). In the Scandinavian-speaking countries Björn/Bjørn is a personal name, attested since the 11th century.
Other versions of the Legendarium
In early manuscripts of The Hobbit, the name of the character that would become Beorn is Medwed. Medwed's ability to change shape to a bear was due to an enchantment, perhaps of his own. The similarity between Medwed and Medved, the Russian word for "bear", is striking, but it is ultimately unknown if Tolkien had this in mind.
It has been suggested that the character Beorn was influenced by the Norse Saga of Hrólfr Kraki. In the saga appears a great bear defending Hrólfr Kraki, and also a man cursed to being transformed into a bear during nighttime. The work was well-known to J.R.R. Tolkien, as one of his students and friend, Stella Miller, made a translation of the saga dedicated to Tolkien, E.V. Gordon and C.T. Onions; but even more importantly as Tolkien himself wrote an unpublished short story of the tale, entitled Sellic Spell.
Another suggested inspiration is the character of Beowulf, "whose name is commonly explained as Beowulf = 'bees' wolf' = honey-eater = bear, and one who breaks swords, rips off arms and cracks ribs with ursine power and clumsiness."
Portrayal in adaptations
|Beorn in adaptations|
1982-97: Middle-earth Role Playing:
1995-8: Middle-earth Collectible Card Game:
- Beorn is a Character, with the Home Site Beorn's House.
2003: The Hobbit (2003 video game):
- Beorn appears only in the shape of a black bear.
2012-14: The Hobbit (film series)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, passim
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 144, (dated 25 April 1954)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien; Douglas A. Anderson, (ed.), (2002) The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition, pp. 164-5
- ↑ Peter Gilliver, Edmund Weiner and Jeremy Marshall, The Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary, pp. 95-6
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 207
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, The Second Phase, "Medwed"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 352 (root BER-; cf. root BES-)
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Tom Shippey, The Road to Middle-earth (second edition), pp. 73-4
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, pp. 256-60
- ↑ Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. et al. (1987), Lords of Middle-earth Vol II: The Mannish Races (#8003), p. 19
- ↑ John David Ruemmler, Susan Tyler Hitchcock, Peter C. Fenlon (1995), Mirkwood (2nd edition) (#2019), pp. 105-6
- ↑ The Hobbit (2003 video game), "The Clouds Burst"
- ↑ "Persbrandt den bäste för jobbet" dated 30 April 2011, AFTONBLADET (accessed 23 December 2011)