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Beorn

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'''Beorn''' was a skin-changer, a man who could assume the appearance of a bear. He lived with his tame horses in a wooden house between the [[Misty Mountains]] and [[Mirkwood]], to the east of the [[Anduin|Great River]] of [[Wilderland]]. His origins lay in the distant past, and [[Gandalf]] suspected he and his people had originally come from the mountains.
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{{men infobox
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|image=[[File:Nicholas Bayrachny - Beorn.jpg|250px]]
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|name=Beorn
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|othernames=
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|birth=Unknown
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|death=Sometime between {{TA|2941}} and {{TA|3018}}
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|gender=Male
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|height=
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|hair=Black
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|eyes=
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}}
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'''Beorn''' was a [[skin-changer]], a man who could assume the appearance of a [[bears|bear]].  
  
Beorn named the [[Carrock]] and created the steps that led from its base to the flat top.
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==History==
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[[File:Jef Murray - At the Carrock.jpg|''At the Carrock'' by [[Jef Murray]]|thumb|left]]
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His origins lay in the distant past, and [[Gandalf]] suspected he and his people had originally come from the mountains, until the [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains]] drove them away. He lived with his tame [[horses]] in a wooden house ([[Beorn's Hall]]) between the [[Misty Mountains]] and [[Mirkwood]], to the east of the [[Anduin|Great River]] of [[Wilderland]].  
  
During the [[The Quest of Erebor|Quest of Erebor]], Beorn received Gandalf, [[Bilbo Baggins]], and the thirteen [[Dwarves]] and gave the Dwarves and Bilbo help in their quest. In the [[Battle of Five Armies]], Beorn rescued [[Thorin Oakenshield]] from the [[Goblins]] and killed their leader [[Bolg]].
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Beorn named the [[Carrock]] and created the steps that led from its base to the flat top. Once Gandalf saw him as a bear sitting all alone on the top of the Carrock watching the moon sinking towards the Misty Mountains, and heard him growl in the tongue of bears "''The day will come when [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains|they]] will perish and I shall go back!''". While Gandalf knew him, Beorn did not, although he knew his cousin, [[Radagast]].<ref name=Queer/>
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During the [[The Quest of Erebor|Quest of Erebor]], Beorn received Gandalf, [[Bilbo Baggins]], and the thirteen [[Dwarves]] and gave the Dwarves and Bilbo help in their quest.<ref name=Queer>{{H|Queer}}</ref>
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In the [[Battle of Five Armies]], Beorn appeared transformed into a giant bear, and rescued [[Thorin]] from the [[Orcs|Goblins]] and killed their leader [[Bolg]].<ref name=H18>{{H|18}}</ref>
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After Thorin's burial, Beorn followed Bilbo, Gandalf and [[Thranduil]] on their way back to the west. Beorn once more hosted Bilbo and Gandalf and other [[Woodmen]] who came to celebrate [[Yule]].<ref name=H18/>
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Eventually became a "''great chief''" in the [[Vales of Anduin]], and it is said that his descendants also were skin-changers, able to take the shape of a bear.<ref name=H18/> His people became known as the [[Beornings]],<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''passim''</ref> and they helped defend [[Thranduil]]'s kingdom of northern Mirkwood.<ref>{{App|B3}}</ref>
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Beorn died some time before the [[War of the Ring]] began,<ref>{{L|144}}</ref> and was succeeded by his son [[Grimbeorn|Grimbeorn the Old]].<ref>{{FR|II1}}</ref>
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==Character==
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Beorn was generally benevolent and hated goblins and wargs; but he was also a loner and distrustful of travelers and beggars. He was never polite, and became easily angry and appalling. He never invited people into his house and his very few friends who lived a good way away, came no more than a couple to his house at a time. Added to this, Beorn was not fond of [[Dwarves]].
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Although fierce to his enemies, once convinced of the others' goodwill, he was welcoming, generous and helpful.
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 +
He did not eat any meat, as he could talk with his animals, who helped him. His grove was occupied by huge [[bees]]. Beorn's diet was mainly honey and cream
  
By the time of the [[War of the Ring]], Beorn had become a leader of [[Men]] which included other skin-changers, and woodmen. His people were known as the [[Beornings]], and they helped defend [[Thranduil|Thranduil's]] kingdom of northern Mirkwood.  He died some time before the War of the Ring itself began, and was succeeded by his son [[Grimbeorn the Old]].
 
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
''Beorn'' is the Old English word for a bear, and sometimes was indeed used as a name. It is related to the Norse name ''Bjorn'' which, in turn, may suggest a connection to berserkers.
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''[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/beorn Beorn]'' is an [[Old English]] word meaning "a warrior, a hero, a man of valour" (also, poetic "man"), cognate to [[North Germanic languages|Old Norse]] ''[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bj%C7%ABrn björn]'' ("bear").<ref name=AH164>{{HM|AH}}, pp. 164-5</ref><ref name=RW>{{HM|RW}}, pp. 95-6</ref><ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 207</ref> In the Scandinavian-speaking countries ''Björn''/''Bjørn'' is a personal name, attested since the 11th century.<ref>[http://www.historiska.se/misc/gemensam/Nomina/nomina/ Historiska Museet Nomina ] at [http://www.historiska.se/ Historiska Museet (The National Historical Museum of Sweden)] (accessed 2 January 2010)</ref>
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
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In early manuscripts of ''[[The Hobbit]]'', the name of the character that would become Beorn is ''Medwed''. Medwed's ability to change shape to a bear was due to an enchantment, perhaps of his own.<ref>{{HH|Medwed}}</ref> The similarity between ''Medwed'' and ''[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/medved Medved]'', the Russian word for "bear", is striking, but it is ultimately unknown if Tolkien had this in mind.
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In the [[The Etymologies|''Etymologies'']], [[Ilkorin]] ''[[ber]]'' ("valiant man, warrior") and [[Danian]] ''[[Beorn (Nandorin)|beorn]]'' ("man") derive from the [[Elvish]] [[Sundocarme|root]] [[BER]].<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 352 (root BER-; cf. root [[BES|BES-]])</ref>
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==Inspiration==
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It has been suggested that the character Beorn was influenced by the Norse ''[[wikipedia:Hrólfs saga kraka|Saga of Hrólfr Kraki]]''.<ref name=RME73>[[Tom Shippey]], ''[[The Road to Middle-earth]]'' (second edition), pp. 73-4</ref> In the saga appears a great bear defending [[wikipedia:Hrólfr Kraki|Hrólfr Kraki]], and also a man cursed to being transformed into a bear during nighttime. The work was well-known to [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], as one of his students and friend, Stella Miller, made a translation of the saga dedicated to Tolkien, [[E.V. Gordon]] and C.T. Onions;<ref name=AH164/> but even more importantly as Tolkien himself wrote an unpublished short story of the tale, entitled ''[[Sellic Spell]]''.<ref>{{HM|MB}}, pp. 256-60</ref>
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Another suggested inspiration is the character of [[Beowulf]], "''whose name is commonly explained as Beowulf = 'bees' wolf' = honey-eater = bear, and one who breaks swords, rips off arms and cracks ribs with ursine power and clumsiness.''"<ref name=RME73/>
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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[[File:Stefano Baldo - Beorn.jpg|thumb|''Beorn'' in ''[[Middle-earth Collectible Card Game|MECCG]]'']]
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'''1982-97: ''[[Middle-earth Role Playing]]'':'''
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: Beorn is one of the Lords of the Beijabar (Beornings). His manor is called Muidwe Beorn.<ref>{{ICE|8003}}, p. 19</ref><ref>{{ICE|2019}}, pp. 105-6</ref>
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'''1995-8: ''[[Middle-earth Collectible Card Game]]'':'''
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: Beorn is a Character, with the Home Site Beorn's House.
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'''2003: [[The Hobbit (2003 video game)|''The Hobbit'' (2003 video game)]]:'''
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: Beorn appears only in the shape of a black bear.<ref>[[The Hobbit (2003 video game)|''The Hobbit'' (2003 video game)]], "The Clouds Burst"</ref>
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'''2012-14: [[The Hobbit (film series)|''The Hobbit'' (film series)]]
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: [[Mikael Persbrandt]] will portray Beorn.<ref name="AFTONBLADETCasting">{{webcite|articleurl=http://www.aftonbladet.se/nojesbladet/film/article13349150.ab|articlename=Persbrandt den bäste för jobbet|dated=30-April-2011|website=[http://www.aftonbladet.se/ AFTONBLADET]|accessed=23-Dec-2011}}</ref>
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Beorn|Images of Beorn]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Beorn|Images of Beorn]]
  
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Beornings]]
 
[[Category:Beornings]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Hobbit]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Hobbit]]
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[[Category:Masculine names]]
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[[Category:Old English names]]
 
[[de:Beorn]]
 
[[de:Beorn]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:hommes_du_nord:beornides:beorn]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:hommes:3a:hommes_du_nord:beornides:beorn]]
 
[[fi:Beorn]]
 
[[fi:Beorn]]

Revision as of 00:24, 22 December 2012

Nicholas Bayrachny - Beorn.jpg
Beorn
Man
Biographical Information
BirthUnknown
DeathSometime between T.A. 2941 and T.A. 3018
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorBlack

Beorn was a skin-changer, a man who could assume the appearance of a bear.

Contents

History

At the Carrock by Jef Murray

His origins lay in the distant past, and Gandalf suspected he and his people had originally come from the mountains, until the Orcs of the Misty Mountains drove them away. He lived with his tame horses in a wooden house (Beorn's Hall) between the Misty Mountains and Mirkwood, to the east of the Great River of Wilderland.

Beorn named the Carrock and created the steps that led from its base to the flat top. Once Gandalf saw him as a bear sitting all alone on the top of the Carrock watching the moon sinking towards the Misty Mountains, and heard him growl in the tongue of bears "The day will come when they will perish and I shall go back!". While Gandalf knew him, Beorn did not, although he knew his cousin, Radagast.[1]

During the Quest of Erebor, Beorn received Gandalf, Bilbo Baggins, and the thirteen Dwarves and gave the Dwarves and Bilbo help in their quest.[1]

In the Battle of Five Armies, Beorn appeared transformed into a giant bear, and rescued Thorin from the Goblins and killed their leader Bolg.[2]

After Thorin's burial, Beorn followed Bilbo, Gandalf and Thranduil on their way back to the west. Beorn once more hosted Bilbo and Gandalf and other Woodmen who came to celebrate Yule.[2]

Eventually became a "great chief" in the Vales of Anduin, and it is said that his descendants also were skin-changers, able to take the shape of a bear.[2] His people became known as the Beornings,[3] and they helped defend Thranduil's kingdom of northern Mirkwood.[4]

Beorn died some time before the War of the Ring began,[5] and was succeeded by his son Grimbeorn the Old.[6]

Character

Beorn was generally benevolent and hated goblins and wargs; but he was also a loner and distrustful of travelers and beggars. He was never polite, and became easily angry and appalling. He never invited people into his house and his very few friends who lived a good way away, came no more than a couple to his house at a time. Added to this, Beorn was not fond of Dwarves.

Although fierce to his enemies, once convinced of the others' goodwill, he was welcoming, generous and helpful.

He did not eat any meat, as he could talk with his animals, who helped him. His grove was occupied by huge bees. Beorn's diet was mainly honey and cream

Etymology

Beorn is an Old English word meaning "a warrior, a hero, a man of valour" (also, poetic "man"), cognate to Old Norse björn ("bear").[7][8][9] In the Scandinavian-speaking countries Björn/Bjørn is a personal name, attested since the 11th century.[10]

Other versions of the Legendarium

In early manuscripts of The Hobbit, the name of the character that would become Beorn is Medwed. Medwed's ability to change shape to a bear was due to an enchantment, perhaps of his own.[11] The similarity between Medwed and Medved, the Russian word for "bear", is striking, but it is ultimately unknown if Tolkien had this in mind.

In the Etymologies, Ilkorin ber ("valiant man, warrior") and Danian beorn ("man") derive from the Elvish root BER.[12]

Inspiration

It has been suggested that the character Beorn was influenced by the Norse Saga of Hrólfr Kraki.[13] In the saga appears a great bear defending Hrólfr Kraki, and also a man cursed to being transformed into a bear during nighttime. The work was well-known to J.R.R. Tolkien, as one of his students and friend, Stella Miller, made a translation of the saga dedicated to Tolkien, E.V. Gordon and C.T. Onions;[7] but even more importantly as Tolkien himself wrote an unpublished short story of the tale, entitled Sellic Spell.[14]

Another suggested inspiration is the character of Beowulf, "whose name is commonly explained as Beowulf = 'bees' wolf' = honey-eater = bear, and one who breaks swords, rips off arms and cracks ribs with ursine power and clumsiness."[13]

Portrayal in Adaptations

Beorn in MECCG

1982-97: Middle-earth Role Playing:

Beorn is one of the Lords of the Beijabar (Beornings). His manor is called Muidwe Beorn.[15][16]

1995-8: Middle-earth Collectible Card Game:

Beorn is a Character, with the Home Site Beorn's House.

2003: The Hobbit (2003 video game):

Beorn appears only in the shape of a black bear.[17]

2012-14: The Hobbit (film series)

Mikael Persbrandt will portray Beorn.[18]

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, passim
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 144, (dated 25 April 1954)
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien; Douglas A. Anderson, (ed.), (2002) The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition, pp. 164-5
  8. Peter Gilliver, Edmund Weiner and Jeremy Marshall, The Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary, pp. 95-6
  9. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 207
  10. Historiska Museet Nomina at Historiska Museet (The National Historical Museum of Sweden) (accessed 2 January 2010)
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, The Second Phase, "Medwed"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 352 (root BER-; cf. root BES-)
  13. 13.0 13.1 Tom Shippey, The Road to Middle-earth (second edition), pp. 73-4
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, pp. 256-60
  15. Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. et al. (1987), Lords of Middle-earth Vol II: The Mannish Races (#8003), p. 19
  16. John David Ruemmler, Susan Tyler Hitchcock, Peter C. Fenlon (1995), Mirkwood (2nd edition) (#2019), pp. 105-6
  17. The Hobbit (2003 video game), "The Clouds Burst"
  18. "Persbrandt den bäste för jobbet" dated 30 April 2011, AFTONBLADET (accessed 23 December 2011)