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|Location||Bag End, Hobbiton, Rivendell|
|Birth||September 22, T.A. 2890 |
|Death||Sailed West September 29, T.A. 3021 |
|Parentage||Bungo Baggins and Belladonna Took|
|Height||Between 3' and 3'6"|
|Hair color||Brown, later White|
Bilbo Baggins was a Hobbit who lived in The Shire during the final years of the Third Age. His adventure with the dwarves Thorin and company earned him a fortune, and brought the One Ring of Sauron back into knowledge. Bilbo was noteworthy as the first ring-bearer in the history of Middle-earth to give up the One Ring voluntarily; he surrendered the ring to Frodo Baggins at Gandalf's request.
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.
During his youth Bilbo attended several parties during which he loved to listen to Gandalf's stories about Dragons, Goblins and princesses and was impressed by the Wizard's firework. After the death of his parents, respectivily in T.A. 2926 and T.A. 2934, he inherited Bag End. In the eyes of his neighbors, he originally seemed just like his father - a solid, sensible, unadventurous and respectable hobbit. But when becoming older he started to become "strange" and often left his home for many days to meet with strangers, including Dwarves. But within short time Bilbo would change and he became greedy and fat while his desire for adventures changed to a dream.
Eventually, Gandalf came to believe that Bilbo was the ideal person for an important task he was at hand: both small-sized and adventurous. He came to the Shire to visit him in T.A. 2941 but he had disapeared again because of Elven new year.
Quest of Ereborthirteen Dwarves with him, arriving in five groups. First came Dwalin, followed by Balin, next were Fíli and Kíli, then Dori, Nori, Ori, Óin and Glóin, and at last Bifur, Bofur, Bombur, Thorin and Gandalf. During the Dwarves' visit Bilbo was arguing with himself and continuously switched between his stay-at-home "Baggins side" and his more adventurous "Took side". The Dwarves remained in Bag End for supper and afterwards sang a song about the Sack of Erebor (Far over the Misty Mountains Cold) and explained the reasons for their unannounced coming: Gandalf volunteered Bilbo to be the company's burglar during their attempt to reclaim the Lonely Mountain (and its sizable hoard) from the Dragon Smaug. Even with the Dwarves' protests and Bilbo's feeble objections, Gandalf convinces Thorin that Bilbo is the right person. Thus the Hobbit became the fourteenth member of the company..
The next day, after assembling at the Green Dragon, the company's journey to the Lonely Mountain begun. Thorin and company traveled through the Lone-lands along high hill and castles. After, approximately, one month Gandalf disappears and Oín and Gloín fail to make a fire during a rainy night. Balin spotted a fire in the distance, which was rare in these regions, and sent Bilbo to investigate.
Bilbo sees three Trolls when he approaches the camp fire. He tries to steal one of the Trolls' money purses but is discover and captured by William, one of the trolls. He escaped the trolls but was helpless to prevent all the dwarves from being captured when they came looking for him. Gandalf, however, came in the nick of time and saved them all by imitating the Trolls' voices. Which led to an argument between the Trolls, who were arguing until dawn. The sun turned the Trolls to stone. Upon the discovery of the troll-cave Gandalf and Thorin took two swords from the Trolls' treasure. Bilbo discovered a small blade, which he names Sting, and bore it with him ever after.
In June they came to Rivendell. During their visit Bilbo met Elrond, and became enchanted with the Elves. On midsummer eve Elrond inspected the swords of Thorin and Gandalf and Thrór's Map. Elrond explained that the swords were forged in Gondolin and were named Orcrist and Glamdring. When inspecting the map Elrond found Moon letters, explaining about the back door of Erebor, which read:
Stand by the grey stone when the thrush knocks, and the setting sun with the last light of Durin's Day will shine upon the keyhole.
—J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "A Short Rest"
Over the Misty Mountains and found, with Elrond's advice, the right way over the Misty Mountains, the High Pass. During a stormy night the company took shelter in a dry cave. When everybody was sleeping Goblins appeared and took their ponies to Goblin-town. At this moment Bilbo woke up and - after seeing that the ponies had disapeared - yelled. Goblins swarmed the cave and captured Bilbo and the dwarves. But - thanks to Bilbo's yell - Gandalf had awoken on time and avoided capture. Bilbo and the dwarves were brought before the Great Goblin. When he saw Thorin's sword, Orcrist, he was enraged and wanted to kill Thorin and his companions. But Gandalf came in time to safe them and killed the Great Goblin. While escaping Bilbo was carried by Dori. But when a goblin attacked Dori he dropped Bilbo.
When Bilbo's consciousness returned he picked up a strange golden ring. After wandering through the dark passages he came to the lake of Gollum. Gollum, desiring to eat the hobbit but not willing to face his blade, engaged in a riddle contest. If Bilbo won, according to the predetermined rules, Gollum would lead him to safety. If Gollum won, however, Bilbo would submit to be eaten. As Bilbo saw no other way to escape he agreed with Gollum's proposal. Soon after leaving the caves Bilbo found his companions and used the Ring to slip along Balin, the look-out. Balin was very impressed that he hadn't noticed Bilbo and his reputation among the dwarves increased. Bilbo told Gandalf and the dwarves about his encounter with Gollum and his escape. But he said nothing of the ring. Thus he rejoined his fellow adventurers.
He could not get into any tree, and was scuttling about from trunk to trunk, like a rabbit that has lost its hole and has a dog after it.
—J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire"
Only with the help of Dori, Bilbo managed to climb in one of the trees. Immediately after Dori had climbed in a tree, hundreds of Wargs arrived. Gandalf kept them at bay with pyrotechnical pinecones, but eventually goblins came and set the trees to fire. Even Gandalf had begun to despair, but the Eagles of Gwaihir came to rescue them. However, the Eagles forget Bilbo and he had to grab Dori's feet. The Eagles brought them first to their eyry, where they spent the night, and then to the Carrock. Bilbo did not enjoy his experience of being carried by his rescuers, apparently suffering from a fear of heights.
From the Carrock they came to Beorn's Hall. Gandalf took only Bilbo at first, but with his story introduced the dwarves in pairs of two, convincing Beorn to invite them for dinner. Bilbo slept uneasily, fearing to be killed by Beorn, while the company spent the night in Beorn's hall. They would remain in Beorn's hall, while Beorn had disapeared, for the next two days. On the third day of their lodging Beorn returned and gave them mounts, bows and stocks. He also provided them with council for their coming journey. They travelled three days before they arrived at the edge of Mirkwood. Bilbo alone (save for perhaps Gandalf) noticed that a bear still followed them. At the edge of Mirkwood they returned the ponies and Gandalf said farewell to Bilbo and the Dwarves. Bilbo was very saddened by Gandalf's parting.Enchanted River. Bilbo noted that there was a boat at the other back. Fíli threw an iron hook on the boat and pulled the boat across the river. The company then crossed the river by pairs of two. While crossing the river, however, Bombur fell in the river. They rescued him but he had fallen in sleep and had to carry him. Eventually, they started to give up hope and the Dwarves sent Bilbo to climb in a tree midway through the wood. Bilbo declared he could see only trees, not realizing they were at the bottom of a bowl formation. Given up hope, the company noticed camp fires of the feasting Wood-elves and, against the warnings of Beorn and Gandalf, they left the road to contact them. However, whenever the company tried to contact the Elves, they extinguished the fires, leaving a complete darkness in the forest, and disapeared suddenly. Thrice they tried to contact the Elves but all their attempts failed. After their third attempt Bilbo lost his companions.
Later, a spider attacked Bilbo, who had fallen in sleep. Bilbo just woke up on time to defend himself which his litte blade. He would name his blade Sting after its first kill. Bilbo discoverd that his companions were captured by the spiders in their nest. Calling the spiders names, he lured them (with his ring) away and came back around to rescue them. When the spiders returned and the spiders and Dwarves fought a long battle. Eventually, the company won with no serious injuries, but later found out that Thorin was missing. Soon after intruding the feasts of the Wood-elves he was captured, this however was unknown to Bilbo and the Dwarves. Shortly after the fight with the spiders the remaining members of the company were also captured and brought before Thranduil, king of Mirkwood. Bilbo, with his ring, escaped notice and thus capture. He followed the elves into the Halls of Thranduil, where the dwarves refused to tell their errand to Thranduil and were locked up.Galion, Thranduil's butler, and the head of the guard were drunken and was able to steal the keys. He freed the Dwarves from their cells and packed theim in barrels. His plan worked, with the dwarves being packed away in barrels and launched into the Forest River. Poor Bilbo was forced to cling to the barrels, invisible, and grew cold and wet.
He came up again spluttering and clinging to the wood like a rat, but for all his efforts he could not scramble on top. Every time he tried, the barrel rolled round and ducked him under again. It was really empty, and floated light as a cork. Though his ears were full of water, he could hear the elves still singing in the cellar above.
—J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Barrels Out of Bond"
Upon reaching the Long Lake, Bilbo - with the aid of Thorin, Fili and Kili - searched for the barrels with Dwarves and freed them. They then went to Lake-town, where they received a warm welcome. The Master of Lake-town invited Thorin and his companions to the feast he organized. Despite the feigned hospitality of the Master of Lake-town and his people Bilbo had an awful cold and could hardly say anything during the banquet. The company stayed two weeks in Lake-town. They were given new ponies and provisions for many days, and they were brought, by boat, to the northern tip of the Long Lake.
Encounter with the Dragon
On their way again, the party came to the Lonely Mountain when long autmn waned. Thorin sent Balin, Fíli, Kíli and Bilbo to spy the Front Gate. Bilbo saw smoke coming out of the front gate, which made the party assume that Smaug was stilll alive. They returned to their camp and on Bilbo's suggestion they start to search for the Back Door at the western slopes of the Lonely Mountain. Eventually, the company discovered the back door. But none of them was able to open it and Bilbo sat days on the doorstep, thinking. Soon the dwarves began to grumble against the hobbit, but Bilbo finally solved the riddle of the thrush knocking at the last light of Durin's Day:
At the very moment he heard a sharp crack behind him. There on the grey stone in the grass was an enormous thrush, nearly coal black, its pale yellow breast freckled with dark spots. Crack! It had caught a snail and was knocking it on the stone. Crack! Crack!
Suddenly Bilbo understood. Forgetting al danger he stood on the ledge and hailed the dwarves, shouting and waving.
—J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "On the Doorstep"
The dwarves found that he was right, and with the key managed to open the passage. Bilbo was, of course, elected to enter the passage first, taking only Balin with him. Soon Balin halted, but Bilbo went on, finding Smaug's lair and stealing a single jewelled cup before returning. While the Dwarves passed the retrieved treasure to each other and praised Bilbo for his deed, they heard the mountain rumbling. Bilbo had done ill in this, Smaug had awoken and was raged when he missed his cup. Smaug ravaged the mountain and the dwarves were forced to hide in the tunnel, though they lost their ponies. Despite their grumbling, the dwarves had begun to rely on Bilbo's advice for their course of action, and agreed to wait. Bilbo soon decided, however, to return and try and find a weakness in Smaug. Slipping on his ring, he approached the dragon's hoard.
Gandalf had indeed done well in choosing Bilbo, for the old worm did not recognize Bilbo's scent, and was puzzled. Nevertheless he sensed the hobbit's presence, and challenged him. Bilbo riddled with him about his own identity and flattered the dragon:
"Well, thief! I smell you and I feel your air. I hear you breath. Come along! Hepl yourself again, there is plenty and to spare!"
But Bilbo was not quite so unlearned in dragon-lore as all that, and if Smaug hoped to get him to come nearer so easily he was disappointed. "No thank you, O Smaug the Tremendous!" he replied.
"I did not come for presents. I only wished to have a look at you and see if you were truly as great as tales say. I did not believe them."
"Do you now?" said the dragon somewhat flatered, even though he did not believe a word of it.
"Truly songs and tales fall utterly short of the reality, O Smaug the Chiefest and Greatest of Calamities," replied Bilbo.
"You have nice manners for a thief and a liar," said the dragon.
—J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Inside Information"
This confrontation did not last especially long, for Bilbo tricked Smaug into showing his underside. Bilbo then saw the gap in the dragon's hard scales, an unprotected place. Bilbo, upon seeing this, cracked a joke and hastily departed, and for this was nearly burned to death. All the same, he escaped and recovered, and told the dwarves what he had learned. This indirectly aided the company, for a thrush overheard, and this would prove beneficial in the end.
Death of Smaug
As darkness came, Bilbo urged the dwarves to close the door for fear of Smaug's vengeance. Reluctantly, and at last, they gave in. Just as the door closed, Smaug ravaged the side of the mountain, blocking up the door and destroying the doorstep. However, by mentioning the word "Barrel-rider" he had made Smaug assume that the company had been aided by the people of Laketown. Thus, Smaug went on to wreck his vengeance on Laketown. Smaug destroyed the town but one company of archers, led by Bard, resisted against the dragon. When only one arrow, the Black Arrow, remained, a Thrush - who had overheard Bilbo telling about the unprotected patch of Smaug's skin - fluttered around Bard's shoulder. The Trush passed his knowledge on to Bard who - armed with the knowledge - shot Smaug dead. Smaug fell on the town, which was devasted by the dragon's attack, but Bard survived and swum to the shores of the lake. There, Bard - a heir of Girion of Dale - was proclaimed by the people, no longer afraid, as king of restored Dale. Bard summoned Thranduil to help rebuild Laketown and Dale, in return for part of the treasure. The armies of Mirkwood and Laketown joined together and marched to the Lonely Mountain to take and share the treasure.
Meanwhile, in the Lonely Mountain, Bilbo and the dwarves decided to inspect the hoard while Smaug was away. During this time Bilbo stumbled across a gigantic and beautiful gem. Recalling an earlier conversation, Bilbo decided it was the famous Arkenstone, but felt strangely reluctant to give it up. Instead, he put it in his pocket and continued on. After a song and gathering of treasure, Thorin gave Bilbo a beautiful coat of mithril as a first reward for his services. First Thorin led the party to the front gate, and then Balin led them to the guardroom, where they sheltered.
After Bilbo and his companions awoke the next morning they found that many birds, including the aforementioned Trush, assembling at the Lonely Mountain. Although the Trush tried to say something to the company, none of them could understand him. Therefore the Trush summoned the raven Roäc, who was able to speak Westron. Roäc told Bilbo and the dwarves about the preceding events in Laketown and revealed Thorin about the approaching armies. He counseled them to make peace with Bard and Thranduil, though it cost him dearly in gold. Thorin rejected this advice and announced that he would not share the treasure with anyone. Therefore, Thorin sent Roäc as a messenger to his nephew Dáin, lord of the Iron Hills, to request aid. The next days they made preperations and blocked the gate with a wall, while they received news from the ravens.
Battle of the Five Armies and Return Journey
When Bard and Thranduil came to the Front gate, Thorin harshly responded in polite words to Bard. Bard's reasoning did little for the stubborn King under the Mountain and Thorin rejected Bard's proposal to share the treasure. Bilbo feared war, and to prevent this gave the Arkenstone into the hands of Bard for negotiation. With the praise of Bard, Thranduil, and Gandalf he returned, only to be rejected and cast away for his deed by Thorin. But Bilbo was successful in that Thorin was willing to negotiate, and war was prevented temporarily.
And yet war did come. Dáin II Ironfoot, at the summons of Thorin, came from the Iron Hills with an army of Dwarves. Bard refused to let the dwarves enter the mountain, which would mean a long and almost certainly unsuccessful siege. But just as battle was about to be joined, Gandalf called them all to be wary of the new coming danger - the alliance of Wargs and Goblins against them. Dáin, Bard, and Thranduil took council together, and decided upon a strategy of defending the slopes of the Lonely Mountain. Then the enemy came. Thus was the Battle of Five Armies fought.Ravenhill. As the battle went against the Men, Dwarves, and Elves, Bilbo reflected gloomily on the ingloriousness of war and the bitterness of the end. But then the Eagles of Gwaihir came, and Beorn too, and the battle was won. But Bilbo did not see this result, for a falling stone knocked him out. Invisible as he was, his bruised body was not discovered until the next day. Bilbo then bade farewell to the mortally wounded Thorin and his other friends. Then, taking his share of the treasure, he returned with Gandalf to the Shire. There he discovered that he was believed dead, and an auction was going on of his house and possessions. He bought back his own things, and settled once more peacefully into Bag End.
The Years Between
Bilbo lived on in health and comfort, high in the regard of those who knew him best, but considered somewhat of an oddity. He adopted his young cousin Frodo Baggins as his heir, and raised him in Bag End. Occasionally he received visitors; dwarves, Gandalf, or even elves from time to time. Most of his time was spent reading, writing his memoirs, writing poetry, and avoiding his nasty relatives the Sackville-Bagginses. His life was extended by the ring (actually the One Ring of ancient history), and yet as he lived on with no apparent sign of aging, he began to feel stretched and thin.
Bilbo's Farewell Party
At last, in September of 3001, Bilbo threw a grand party for his 111th birthday (which happened to be shared with Frodo). During this party he did a vanishing act with his ring and left with three dwarves for Rivendell, to live with Elrond and the elves there. He left all his possessions to Frodo, including, urged by Gandalf, the One Ring. He was the first ringbearer to so give up the object.
End of the Third AgeThere and Back Again, known to us as The Hobbit. He also wrote a book called Translations from the Elvish, which formed the basis of what is known to us as The Silmarillion.
When Frodo came to Rivendell twelve years later, Bilbo attended the Council of Elrond, offering to take the Ring to Mount Doom. Nevertheless this task fell to the younger Frodo, and in farewell Bilbo gave him Sting and his old mithril coat, both of which bore him well in the struggles to come.
The War of the Ring was fought far from where Bilbo dwelt, but successfully, and in the end Frodo returned home.
Two years later, however, Bilbo as a former ringbearer accompanied Frodo Baggins, Gandalf, and certain Elves to the Grey Havens, there to take ship for the West, on 29 September, T.A. 3021. He had already celebrated his 131st birthday, becoming the oldest Hobbit in the history of Middle-earth. As a a mortal, he died in the West.
The last writing of Bilbo appears in the form of the poem "Bilbo's Last Song." It is a poem Bilbo conceivably composed while sailing west, and looking back on Middle-earth in farewell. It was published after Tolkien's death.
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.
John D. Rateliff has suggested that the name Bilbo is very likely a name invented by Tolkien, a "short, simple, made-up name appropriate for a hero of a children's book or light-hearted fantasy story".
- Burglar, from a note on Bilbo's door left by Gandalf
- Thief, from Gollum after Bilbo stole the One Ring. Smaug also gave the name to Bilbo after he stole a cup.
- Clue-finder, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug
- Web-cutter, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug
- Stinging Fly, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug
- Ringwinner, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug
- Luckwearer, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug
- Barrel-rider, a name given to Bilbo by himself during his conversation with Smaug, Smaug also later addressed Bilbo by this name.
- Mr. Lucky Number, a name given to Bilbo by Smaug.
- Child of the Kindly West, a name given to Bilbo by Thorin II Oakenshield.
- Bilbo the Magnificent, a name given to Bilbo by Thranduil
- Elf-friend, a name given to Bilbo by Thranduil
- Mad Baggins, a name first given to Bilbo by Rorimac Brandybuck after Bilbo disappeared suddenly from his Birthday Party. It later became the name of a favourite character of legend who would vanish with a bang and a flash, only to reappear with bags of jewels and gold.
- Ring-bearer, for his bearing of the One Ring.
- Bilba Labingi, the original hobbit name for Bilbo.
Family Tree of the Baggins of Hobbiton
Showing the prominent members of the Baggins clan. The figures after the names are those of birth (and death where that is recorded). A dashed line indicates marriage, or when extended vertically, indicates a line of descent with one or more generations not shown. Names in italics signify those who attended Bilbo's Farewell Party on 22 September S.R. 1401. Names in parentheses represent significant hobbits related to the Baggins.
Family Tree Notes
- ↑ Of Bag End, left the Shire in S.R. 1421 and said to have passed over the sea
- ↑ Drogo and Primula went boating on the Brandywine River and drowned together.
- ↑ Murdered by Gríma Wormtongue
- ↑ Left the Shire in S.R. 1421 and said to have passed over the sea
Portrayal in adaptations
|Bilbo Baggins in adaptations|
1966: The Hobbit (1966 film):
- Many characters are omitted, and Bilbo takes over the roles of several. He causes the "Growns" (substitutes for the trolls) to quarrel, and he kills the dragon Slag with the Arkenstone. At the end, he marries the princess of Dale.
1977: The Hobbit (1977 film):
- Orson Bean was the voice of Bilbo.
- Orson Bean reprised his role as Bilbo. He lives in Rivendell, and listens to the tale of Frodo of the Nine Fingers. Some archive footage from Rankin/Bass' The Hobbit is also shown at the start of the film.
- Mikhail Danilov played Bilbo.
2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series):
2012-14: The Hobbit (film series):
- Ian Holm will reprise his role as an older Bilbo, whilst the younger Bilbo will be portrayed by Martin Freeman. A description of Bilbo in The Hobbit films was released by the studio:
Like all Hobbits, Bilbo Baggins is fond of his comfortable existence; all he needs to be happy is a full pantry and a good book. When the Wizard Gandalf and 13 Dwarves unexpectedly appear on Bilbo’s doorstep and invite him to join them on a dangerous adventure, Bilbo’s life changes forever. Initially sceptical of the invitation, Bilbo’s spirit of adventure leads him to join the Company of Thorin Oakenshield and become the “burglar” required to complete their quest to outwit a ferocious dragon and reclaim the Dwarves’ stolen treasure. To everyone’s surprise, including his own, Bilbo’s wit and courage prove that there is indeed more to this Hobbit than meets the eye.
- The voice of Bilbo is provided by Felix Felton.
- Bilbo is portrayed by Paul Daneman, and several times, when he introduces himself, he spells out his last name ("B-A-GG-I-N-S").
- The voice of Bilbo is provided by Ray Reinhardt.
- The voice of Bilbo is provided by Ray Reinhardt.
- Bilbo is portrayed by John Le Mesurier.
1982: The Hobbit (1982 video game):
- Bilbo Baggins is the main character of the game. Together with his companion, Thorin, he travels to the Lonely Mountain. There they plunder Smaug's lair.
- Bilbo Baggins first appear in the introduction of the game, in which Bilbo's Farewell Party appears.
- Bilbo makes a second appearence in Rivendell, where he can be found in the bedrooms. He asks the player about the Ring and gives him Sting and a Mithril mail.
- The first time that the game references to Bilbo is during the introduction, when Gandalf mentions that Bilbo won the Ring from Gollum. He also makes an appearance in Rivendell, after the Council of Elrond. When Frodo comes to say goodbye he gives him Sting and his Mithril shirt. He is voiced by Jim Piddock.
2003: The Hobbit (2003 video game):
- Bilbo is the main protagonist and the titular playable character of the game. The story of The Hobbit is adapted rather faithfully, but many additional side-adventures for Bilbo are present, involving him killing multiple enemies. He performs several quests in the Shire before reaching Green Dragon, saves an elf named Lianna in Troll cave, rescues a Dwarf named Balfor from Goblin-Town, uncovers a treachery among men of Lake-Town and helps Dwarves restore ancient working of Erebor, among other things. He is portrayed with red hair and is voiced by Michael Beattie.
2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Bilbo is a non-playable character, who resides at the Last Homely House in Rivendell. The player can find him at the Hall of Fire, chatting with Lindir. Among other things, he sends the players to Goblin-Town with a task to verify several directions and turns in the place, which he had forgotten, but requires for the book he is writing.
- Bilbo appears in Rivendell.
- Bilbo is present in Rivendell, where players can discuss with him various topics at different stages of the story.
- ↑ The date of Bilbo's (and Frodo's) birthdays is significant enough to be observed as Hobbit Day but its correspondence to our calendar is a matter of discrepancy: Appendix D of The Lord of the Rings says that our New Year's Day (January 1) corresponds "more or less" to the Shire's "January 9", and our September 13 and the Shire's "September 22" both fall exactly 255 days (256 in leap years) after that date. However, Appendix D also says that the Shire calendar's "Midyear's Day" is "intended to correspond as nearly as possible to the summer solstice." Using the "leap year" Shire calendar (the only time Midyear's Day is defined), "September" (Halimath) 22 is exactly 83 days after Midyear's Day. If we take the summer solstice to be our June 21, then Bilbo's and Frodo's birthday must be eighty-three days later, which is our September 12.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Quest of Erebor"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Roast Mutton"
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "A Short Rest"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Over Hill and Under Hill"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Riddles in the Dark"
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire"
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Flies and Spiders"
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Barrels Out of Bond"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "A Warm Welcome"
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "On the Doorstep"
- ↑ 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Inside Information"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Fire and Water"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Not at Home"
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Gathering of the Clouds"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit: One-volume Edition, pp. 47-8
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Long-expected Party"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Shadow of the Past"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", pp. 48-50
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix C, "Baggins of Hobbiton"
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Long-expected Party"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Scouring of the Shire"
- ↑ "The Hobbit.mp4" dated 05 January 2012, YouTube (accessed 10 January 2012)
- ↑ Peter Jackson, "One comment that..." dated 22 April 2011, Facebook (accessed 23 December 2011)
- ↑ Peter Jackson, "Production begins in New Zealand on The Hobbit" dated 20 March 2011, Facebook (accessed 23 December 2011)
- ↑ Warner Bros., "Hobbit Movies" dated 07 September 2012, Apple iPhone/iPad App (accessed 19 September 2012)
- ↑ Phil Garratt, "Software Review: The Hobbit" , WorldOfSpectrum.com (accessed 23 December 2011)
- ↑ Chris Wallner, "Lord Of The Rings: Volume 1 - Walkthrough" , thecomputershow.com (accessed 02 March 2012)
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game), Introduction
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game), Rivendell
T.A. 2941 - 22 September T.A. 3001
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