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Blue Mountains

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{{sources}}
 
{{location
 
{{location
 
| image=[[Image:Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg|250px]]  
 
| image=[[Image:Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg|250px]]  
 
| name=Blue Mountains
 
| name=Blue Mountains
| othernames=[[Ered Luin]], [[Ered Lindon]]
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| othernames=Ered Luin, Ered Lindon
 
| etymology=
 
| etymology=
 
| type=Mountain Range
 
| type=Mountain Range
 
| location=Between [[Beleriand]] and [[Eriador]]
 
| location=Between [[Beleriand]] and [[Eriador]]
 
| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]] ([[Broadbeams]], [[Firebeards]], and [[Longbeards]])
 
| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]] ([[Broadbeams]], [[Firebeards]], and [[Longbeards]])
| realms=[[Belegost]] and [[Nogrod]] and later realms of the Dwarves
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| realms=[[Belegost]], [[Nogrod]], and later realms like [[Thorin's Halls]]
 
| description=Great western mountain range
 
| description=Great western mountain range
 
| events=[[War of Wrath]]
 
| events=[[War of Wrath]]
| references=''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', ''[[Quest of Erebor]]'', ''[[The Silmarillion]]''
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}}
|}}
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The '''Blue Mountains''' ([[Sindarin|S.]] '''''Ered Luin'''''), also known as the '''''Ered Lindon''''', was the mountain range at the far west of [[Eriador]].
The '''Blue Mountains''' ([[S.]] ''[[Ered]] [[Luin]]''), also known as the ''Ered Lindon'', was the mountain range at the far west of [[Eriador]].
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== In the Beginning ==
 
== In the Beginning ==
During the creation of [[Arda]], the Blue Mountains were meant to line up directly with the Grey Mountains of the southlands, forming the western wall of [[Arda]]. They lay parallel to the [[Red Mountains]] and [[Yellow Mountains]] that formed the eastern wall. The Blue Mountains were originally connected with the Red Mountains by the [[Iron Mountains]] which stretched across the entire north. The symmetry of Arda was broken during the wars between the [[Valar]] and [[Melkor]] in the ages before the [[Years of the Lamps]].
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During the creation of [[Arda]], the Blue Mountains were meant to line up directly with the [[Grey Mountains (ancient)|Grey Mountains of the southlands]], forming the western wall of [[Arda]]. They lay parallel to the [[Red Mountains]] and [[Yellow Mountains]] that formed the eastern wall. The Blue Mountains were originally connected with the Red Mountains by the [[Iron Mountains]] which stretched across the entire north. The symmetry of Arda was broken during the wars between the [[Valar]] and [[Morgoth|Melkor]] in the ages before the [[Years of the Lamps]].
  
 
== Before and During the First Age ==
 
== Before and During the First Age ==
In the [[First Age]], the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from [[Beleriand]]. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as [[Ossiriand]]. Later, when the [[Green Elves]] settled there, the land was called [[Lindon]], and the mountains sometimes referred to as the ''Ered Lindon''.
+
In the [[First Age]], the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from [[Beleriand]]. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as [[Ossiriand]]. Later, when the [[Green-elves]] settled there, the land was called [[Lindon]], and the mountains sometimes referred to as the ''Ered Lindon''.
  
Two [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] Houses, the [[Firebeards]] and [[Broadbeams]], awoke under [[Mount Dolmed]], and built their great kingdoms [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]], respectively.
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Sometime during the [[Years of the Trees]] two [[Seven Fathers of the Dwarves|Dwarven Fathers]] awoke under [[Mount Dolmed]] and founded the two westernmost houses of the [[Dwarves]] (the [[Firebeards]] and [[Broadbeams]]).  They subsequently built two great city-states, [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]].
  
 
== The Second Age ==
 
== The Second Age ==
  
The Blue Mountains were ruined during the [[War of Wrath]], and at the middle of the range the sea broke through. The [[Lhûn|River Lhûn]] now flowed through the mountains to the [[Gulf of Lhûn]]. On the west side of the Blue Mountains a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating [[Elves]] built the [[Kingdom of Lindon]], ruled by [[Ereinion Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]]. Its most important city was the [[Grey Havens]], from where departing Elves left Middle-earth for [[Valinor]].  Also located here were the two regions of [[Forlindon]] to the North, with it's chief port being [[Forlond]].  And [[Harlindon]] to the South, which [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] was its chief port.
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The Blue Mountains were ruined during the [[War of Wrath]] at the end of the First Age, and in the south central end of the range the sea broke through. The [[Lhûn|River Lhûn]] now flowed through the mountains to the [[Gulf of Lhûn]].  
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On the western side a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating [[Elves]] built the [[Kingdom of Lindon]], ruled by [[Gil-galad|Ereinion Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]]. Its most important city was the [[Grey Havens]], from where departing Elves left Middle-earth for [[Valinor]].  Also located here were the two regions of [[Forlindon]] to the North, with its chief port being [[Forlond]].  The other was [[Harlindon]] to the South, which [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] was its chief port.
  
The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the Blue Mountains were broken. Nogrod in the South was completely destroyed and Belegost in the North was ruined. Most of the Dwarves fled east to [[Khazad-dûm]]. Some however, remained in the '''Blue Mountains''', working the mines that survived the destruction, and rebuilding their ancestrial halls.  The Dwarves lived mainly in the Southern chain on the East side of the mountains.
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The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the mountains were broken. Causing most of the Dwarves to migrate east to [[Khazad-dûm]], leaving a remnant behind. By the Third Age however, the native Dwarves seemed to have largely moved to the Southern chain.
  
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== The [[Third Age]] ==
  
== The Third Age ==
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In the Third Age the Blue Mountains apparently saw the return of many of the Firebeards and Broadbeams due to the isolation/stagnation of Khazad Dûm, and the later awakening of [[Durin's Bane]].
  
In the [[Third Age]] the Northern '''Blue Mountains''' would become the new home for many of [[Durin's folk]] who had become exiled from their halls in [[Erebor]] by [[Smaug]] the [[Dragons|Dragon]].  After the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]], King [[Thrain II]] made his kingdom in the Northern chain and his son [[Thorin Oakenshield]], ruled after he went missing, which during his reign many of the wandering folk of Durin joined them and they became prosperous in a fashion. Until Erebor was retaken from the Dragon by Thorin and company.  Then many of the Durin's folk relocated there.{{Pronounce|Ered Luin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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In {{TA|1974}}, fleeing the fall of [[Fornost]], [[Arvedui]] briefly hid in old dwarven mines in the Blue Mountains.<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
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It also became the new home for many of [[Durin's folk]] who were exiled from their halls in [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]] by [[Smaug]] the [[Dragons|Dragon]] who had [[Sack of Erebor|driven them out]].  After the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]], King [[Thrain II]] established his throne in the Northern range beyond the Little Lune river and later his son [[Thorin]] ruled after he went missing. During Thorin's reign many of the wandering Longbeards joined him and they became prosperous in a fashion. However, Erebor was retaken from Smaug by Thorin and company in {{TA|2941}}, and it can be assumed most if not all of Durin's folk relocated there.{{Pronounce|Ered Luin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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==The [[Fourth Age]]==
 +
 
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After the [[War of the Ring]], the Dwarves continued to rule the Blue Mountains.{{fact}}
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==Etymology==
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 +
''Ered Luin'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[ered]]'' ("mountains") and ''[[luin]]'' ("blue").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 66</ref>
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 +
The ''[[Etymologies]]'' show a [[Noldorin]] alternative name, '''Lhúndirien'''<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 370</ref>.
 +
 
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In [[Aelfwine]]'s [[Old English]] translations, the Blue Mountains are named ''Hǽwengebeorg''<ref>{{HM|SM}}, p. 341</ref>
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 +
==Portrayal in Adaptations==
 +
 
 +
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
 +
:The Blue Mountains form the location of a fight between Dwarves and [[Drogoth]].
 +
 
 +
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 +
:The Blue Mountains appear as the game's westernmost region, Ered Luin. Ered Luin is the beginner's region for the game's races, Elves and Dwarves. The region's storyline is based around a conflict with a rogue clan of Dwarves called the Dourhands and a tribe of Goblins living in the winding valleys of a region called Rath Teraig. Ered Luin is home to the cities of Thorin's Hall and Duillond, but also contain smaller outposts such as Gondamon and Celondim. Ered Luin is also home to the hostile Dourhand cities of Kheledul and the excavation of a long-lost city named Sarnur.
 +
 
 +
'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
 +
:Although the Blue Mountains do not appear in the game, they are mentioned by the Dwarf [[Grof]]. He tells the player that the Blue Mountains are prosperous, but that they lately find more iron than gold.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], ''Prologue''</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[:Category:Images of the Blue Mountains|Images of the Blue Mountains]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of the Blue Mountains|Images of the Blue Mountains]]
 
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{{references}}
[[category:Mountain ranges]]
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[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
[[Category:Southeast Beleriand]]
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[[Category:Lindon]]
[[Category:Northeast Beleriand]]
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[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
[[Category:Dwarven Realms]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
 +
 
 
[[de:Ered Luin]]
 
[[de:Ered Luin]]
 
[[fi:Sinivuoret]]
 
[[fi:Sinivuoret]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/montagnes_bleues]]

Revision as of 02:44, 25 November 2012

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg
Blue Mountains
Physical Description
TypeMountain Range
LocationBetween Beleriand and Eriador
RealmsBelegost, Nogrod, and later realms like Thorin's Halls
InhabitantsDwarves (Broadbeams, Firebeards, and Longbeards)
DescriptionGreat western mountain range
General Information
Other namesEred Luin, Ered Lindon
EventsWar of Wrath

The Blue Mountains (S. Ered Luin), also known as the Ered Lindon, was the mountain range at the far west of Eriador.

Contents

In the Beginning

During the creation of Arda, the Blue Mountains were meant to line up directly with the Grey Mountains of the southlands, forming the western wall of Arda. They lay parallel to the Red Mountains and Yellow Mountains that formed the eastern wall. The Blue Mountains were originally connected with the Red Mountains by the Iron Mountains which stretched across the entire north. The symmetry of Arda was broken during the wars between the Valar and Melkor in the ages before the Years of the Lamps.

Before and During the First Age

In the First Age, the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from Beleriand. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as Ossiriand. Later, when the Green-elves settled there, the land was called Lindon, and the mountains sometimes referred to as the Ered Lindon.

Sometime during the Years of the Trees two Dwarven Fathers awoke under Mount Dolmed and founded the two westernmost houses of the Dwarves (the Firebeards and Broadbeams). They subsequently built two great city-states, Nogrod and Belegost.

The Second Age

The Blue Mountains were ruined during the War of Wrath at the end of the First Age, and in the south central end of the range the sea broke through. The River Lhûn now flowed through the mountains to the Gulf of Lhûn. On the western side a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating Elves built the Kingdom of Lindon, ruled by Ereinion Gil-galad, last High King of the Noldor. Its most important city was the Grey Havens, from where departing Elves left Middle-earth for Valinor. Also located here were the two regions of Forlindon to the North, with its chief port being Forlond. The other was Harlindon to the South, which Harlond was its chief port.

The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the mountains were broken. Causing most of the Dwarves to migrate east to Khazad-dûm, leaving a remnant behind. By the Third Age however, the native Dwarves seemed to have largely moved to the Southern chain.

The Third Age

In the Third Age the Blue Mountains apparently saw the return of many of the Firebeards and Broadbeams due to the isolation/stagnation of Khazad Dûm, and the later awakening of Durin's Bane.

In T.A. 1974, fleeing the fall of Fornost, Arvedui briefly hid in old dwarven mines in the Blue Mountains.[1]

It also became the new home for many of Durin's folk who were exiled from their halls in Erebor by Smaug the Dragon who had driven them out. After the War of the Dwarves and Orcs, King Thrain II established his throne in the Northern range beyond the Little Lune river and later his son Thorin ruled after he went missing. During Thorin's reign many of the wandering Longbeards joined him and they became prosperous in a fashion. However, Erebor was retaken from Smaug by Thorin and company in T.A. 2941, and it can be assumed most if not all of Durin's folk relocated there.

The Fourth Age

After the War of the Ring, the Dwarves continued to rule the Blue Mountains.[source?]

Etymology

Ered Luin is a Sindarin name, consisting of ered ("mountains") and luin ("blue").[2]

The Etymologies show a Noldorin alternative name, Lhúndirien[3].

In Aelfwine's Old English translations, the Blue Mountains are named Hǽwengebeorg[4]

Portrayal in Adaptations

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

The Blue Mountains form the location of a fight between Dwarves and Drogoth.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

The Blue Mountains appear as the game's westernmost region, Ered Luin. Ered Luin is the beginner's region for the game's races, Elves and Dwarves. The region's storyline is based around a conflict with a rogue clan of Dwarves called the Dourhands and a tribe of Goblins living in the winding valleys of a region called Rath Teraig. Ered Luin is home to the cities of Thorin's Hall and Duillond, but also contain smaller outposts such as Gondamon and Celondim. Ered Luin is also home to the hostile Dourhand cities of Kheledul and the excavation of a long-lost city named Sarnur.

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Although the Blue Mountains do not appear in the game, they are mentioned by the Dwarf Grof. He tells the player that the Blue Mountains are prosperous, but that they lately find more iron than gold.[5]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 66
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 370
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, p. 341
  5. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Prologue