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Calben

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'''Calben''' (pl. ''Celbin'') was a term used amongst [[Sindar]] that lived in [[Beleriand]]. It was used of all [[Elves]] other than [[Avari]], and it included the [[Sindar]]. After the [[Nandor]] were recognized to be from Lindarin origin, they were included in ''Celbin''.  
 
'''Calben''' (pl. ''Celbin'') was a term used amongst [[Sindar]] that lived in [[Beleriand]]. It was used of all [[Elves]] other than [[Avari]], and it included the [[Sindar]]. After the [[Nandor]] were recognized to be from Lindarin origin, they were included in ''Celbin''.  
  
Since ''Calben'' was a term used only of Elves, the [[Three Houses of the Edain|Three Houses of Men]] were given their own name, [[Edain]] (as they could not be called [[Morben|Morbin]], cf. this).   
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Since ''Calben'' was a term used only of Elves, the [[Edain#The Three Houses|Three Houses of Men]] were given their own name, [[Edain]] (as they could not be called [[Morben|Morbin]], cf. this).   
  
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
''Calben'', 'a light person' derives from [[Sindarin]] ''[[cal]]'' "light" and ''[[pen]]'' "someone, somebody". It is a cognate of [[Quenya]] ''[[Calaquendi]]'' but used in a different context.
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''Calben'', 'a light person' derives from [[Old Sindarin]] *''kalapende''.
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It is composed from [[Sindarin]] words ''[[calad|cal]]'' "light" and ''[[pen]]'' "someone, somebody".
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==Cognates==
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*[[Telerin]] ''[[Calapendi]]''
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*[[Quenya]] ''[[Calaquendi]]'' but used in a different context.
  
 
== Source ==
 
== Source ==
* [[The War of the Jewels], 362; 376-377; 380; 408-409.
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* [[The War of the Jewels]], 362; 376-377; 380; 408-409.
  
 
[[Category:Elves]]
 
[[Category:Elves]]
[[category:sindarin words]]
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[[Category:Sindarin demonyms]]
 
[[fi:Calben]]
 
[[fi:Calben]]

Latest revision as of 19:13, 9 November 2012

Calben (pl. Celbin) was a term used amongst Sindar that lived in Beleriand. It was used of all Elves other than Avari, and it included the Sindar. After the Nandor were recognized to be from Lindarin origin, they were included in Celbin.

Since Calben was a term used only of Elves, the Three Houses of Men were given their own name, Edain (as they could not be called Morbin, cf. this).

[edit] Etymology

Calben, 'a light person' derives from Old Sindarin *kalapende.

It is composed from Sindarin words cal "light" and pen "someone, somebody".

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Source