Tolkien Gateway

Calenardhon

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The hypothetical [[Old Sindarin]] would likely be *''Kalinardondo''.<ref>[http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/archive.html 2000 "Cabor" edition of the Sindarin Dictionary] (accessible through [http://www.jrrvf.com/cgi-bin/hisweloke/register.cgi?license=show here]); entries "calen" and "ardhon"</ref>
 
The hypothetical [[Old Sindarin]] would likely be *''Kalinardondo''.<ref>[http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/archive.html 2000 "Cabor" edition of the Sindarin Dictionary] (accessible through [http://www.jrrvf.com/cgi-bin/hisweloke/register.cgi?license=show here]); entries "calen" and "ardhon"</ref>
  
Earlier names used by Tolkien for this region were ''[[Elenarda]]'' > ''Kalen(arda)'' > ''Kalinarda'' > ''Calenardan'' >  ''Calenardon''.<ref>{{WR|2|V}}</ref><ref>{{PM|VII}}</ref>
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Earlier names used by Tolkien for this region were ''Elenarda'' > ''Kalen(arda)'' > ''Kalinarda'' > ''Calenardan'' >  ''Calenardon''.<ref>{{WR|2|V}}</ref><ref>{{PM|VII}}</ref>
  
 
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Revision as of 19:31, 8 September 2011

The Riders of Rohan by Ted Nasmith.

Calenardhon was a wide green landscape in the north of Gondor, but it became depopulated during the Third Age. It was devastated by the Great Plague of Third Age 1636 but some Dunlendings settled some of its lands.

During the rule of the Steward Cirion, Gondor faced a series of attacks by the Balchoth, and Calenardhon was overrun by these evil people. Cirion sent messages for help to Gondor's old allies, including the Éothéod, to help defend Gondor.

Eorl the Young answered the call, and helped Gondor defeat the Balchoth at the Field of Celebrant. In gratitude, Cirion granted all Calenardhon, except for Anórien, to the Éothéod.

After the Éothéod settled in Calenardhon, the land became known as Rohan or the Riddermark.

Etymology

Calenardhon is Sindarin, meaning "Green Province"[1] or "the (great) green region"[2] (calen "green" + ardhon "province, great region").

The hypothetical Old Sindarin would likely be *Kalinardondo.[3]

Earlier names used by Tolkien for this region were Elenarda > Kalen(arda) > Kalinarda > Calenardan > Calenardon.[4][5]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Nancy Smith, "Index questions". Cf. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (HarperCollinsPublishers 2008), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 477
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 297, (dated August 1967)
  3. 2000 "Cabor" edition of the Sindarin Dictionary (accessible through here); entries "calen" and "ardhon"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Ring, "Part Two: The Ring Goes East", "Faramir"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"