calma is a noun meaning "lamp" in Quenya.
is also the name in Quenya of the third letter of the Tengwar
It is the third letter of the first grade or Tyellë
, which contains "voiceless stops" and it is the first letter in the third series of consonants. For written Quenya or Sindarin
, the third series is used for the k
-series, the Calmatéma
or "hard" C
. In Westron
the third series is used for a variety of consonantal sounds and this letter represents CH
as in "church".
The Westron name for this letter is Ché
The word derives from the Primitive Quendian root KAL.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters", Note, The names of the letters
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Fëanorian Letters"
- ↑ See Westron Tengwar
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", KAL-