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Caradhras

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{{mountain
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| image=[[Image:Ted Nasmith - The Anger of the Mountain.jpg|250px|The Fellowship of the Ring at the Redhorn Gate as depicted by Ted Nasmith.]]
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| name=Caradhras
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| location=above [[Khazad-dûm]], between [[Celebdil]] and [[Fanuidhol]], on the border between [[Eriador]] and [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]]
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| belongs=the [[Misty Mountains]]
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| description=
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| othernames=''Redhorn'' ([[Westron]]), ''Baraz(inbar)'' ([[Khuzdul]])
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| etymology=Caradhras: ''[[caran]]'' - red, ''[[ras]]'' - horn<br />Barazinbar: ''[[baraz]]'' - red, ''[[inbar]]'' - horn
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| events=capture of [[Celebrían]], wife of [[Elrond]]; attempt of [[Fellowship of the Ring]] to cross Misty Mountains
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| references=
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}}
 
{{Pronounce|Caradhras.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Caradhras.mp3|Ardamir}}
{{qtlisten|Lasto Caradhras, sedho, hodo, nuitho i 'ruith!|Sleep Caradhras, be still, lie still, hold your wrath!|[[Gandalf]]|Gandalf - Lasto Caradhras, sedho, hodo, nuitho i 'ruith.ogg}}
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<center>{{quote|Caradhras was called the Cruel, and had an ill name long years ago, when rumour of Sauron had not been heard in these lands.|[[Gimli]]<ref name="South">{{FR|II3}}</ref>}}</center>
'''Caradhras''', also called the '''Redhorn''' (the literal English translation of the [[Sindarin]] name), is one of the mightiest peaks in the [[Misty Mountains]].
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'''Caradhras''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[kaˈraðras]}}) was one of the mightiest peaks in the [[Misty Mountains]].
  
The [[Redhorn Pass]] attempted by the [[Nine Walkers]] on their quest for [[Mount Doom]] lay beneath its slopes, linking the former [[Noldor|Noldorin]] realm of [[Eregion]] in the west to the [[Dimrill Dale]] and hence the Vale of [[Anduin]] in the east.
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==The Mountain==
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[[File:Tom Cross - Caradhras.jpg|thumb|left|''Caradhras'' by [[Tom Cross]]]]
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Caradhras was the tallest and northernmost of the [[Mountains of Moria]], the three mountains which the great [[Dwarves|Dwarf]] city of [[Khazad-dûm]] was built under. The other two were [[Celebdil]] (''Silvertine'') and [[Fanuidhol]] (''Cloudyhead''). Caradhras was described as "mighty peak, tipped with snow like silver, but with sheer naked sides". In the light of the rising or setting sun it appeared "dull red as if stained with blood".
  
After the fall of [[Khazad-dûm]], this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lorien and Eriador.  
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Caradhras was called ''the Cruel'' by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation.<ref name="South"/> It was the site in Middle-earth where [[Mithril]] was found and where [[Durin's folk|dwarves]] woke [[Durin's Bane]], the [[Balrogs|Balrog]] of [[Moria]].<ref>{{App|Durin}}</ref>
  
Caradhras (in [[Khuzdul]], the language of the [[Dwarves]], '''''Baranzibar''''') was one of the [[Mountains of Moria]], the three mountains which the great [[Dwarves|Dwarf]] palace of [[Khazad-dûm]] was built under. Caradhras was also the site on Middle-earth where [[Mithril]] was found. It was here, though, that [[Durin's folk|miners]] found [[Durin's Bane]], the [[Balrogs|Balrog]] of [[Moria]].
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==The Redhorn Gate==
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<!--"Redhorn Pass" in "Eriador#Foundation of the Shire" links here-->
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The '''Redhorn Gate''' (also called the ''Redhorn Pass'') was a narrow and dangerous pass through the [[Misty Mountains]] that led from the wilds of [[Eriador]] through to [[Rhovanion (region)|Rhovanion]] beyond. Sheer and steep, it climbed across the southern slopes of [[Caradhras]] and led down into the [[Dimrill Dale]] and hence the Vale of [[Anduin]] beyond the [[Mountains]].<ref name="South"/>
  
[[Image:John Howe - The Company Approaches Caradhras.jpg|thumb|left|250px|''The Company Approaches Caradhras'' by [[John Howe]].]]
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The Redhorn Gate was known to be treacherous. It was on this pass in {{TA|2509}} that [[Celebrían]], the wife of [[Elrond]], was captured by orcs. This was also the pass used by the hobbits migrating from [[Gladden Fields]] into [[Eriador]].<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref>
Caradhras was called ''the Cruel'' by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation. The Redhorn Pass (also called the ''Redhorn Gate'') was known to be treacherous. It was on this pass that [[Celebrían]], the wife of [[Elrond]], was captured by orcs. This was also the pass used by the hobbits migrating from [[Gladden Fields]] into [[Eriador]].
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In [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]] movie, when the Fellowship is trying to cross Caradhras, [[Saruman]] conjures a spell that causes violent snowstorms on the mountain. In the book, the Company generally blames the mountain itself.  
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After the fall of [[Khazad-dûm]], this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lorien and Eriador.  On [[11 January]] - [[12 January|12]], {{TA|3019}}, the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] attempted to cross the Misty Mountains by the Redhorn Gate.<ref>{{App|Great}}</ref> They came into a fierce blizzard and could not go any further due to the deep snow. So they were defeated by the ill will of the mountain and were forced to cross under the Misty Mountains through the Mines of Moria.<ref name="South"/>
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==Etymology==
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The name is [[Sindarin]] and means '''Redhorn'''. It is composed of ''[[caran]]'' "red" and ''[[ras]]'' "horn". As a compound, the contact of ''n'' next to ''r'' presents a phenomenon similar to ''[[prestanneth]]'': ''Cara'''n-r'''as'' is assimilated to ''Cara'''dhr'''as''.
  
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'''[[Barazinbar]]''' (or also '''Baraz''') is the literal [[Khuzdul]] translation of "Redhorn".
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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In ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'' by [[Peter Jackson]] the violent snowstorms on the mountain are caused by [[Saruman]] and not the mountain itself. In his [[magic|spell]], Saruman mentions the [[Neo-Elvish|neo-Quenya]] name of Caradhras as ''Carnirasse''.
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Mountains]]
 
[[Category:Mountains]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
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[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
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[[de:Caradhras]]
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[[fi:Caradhras]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:reliefs:monts_brumeux:caradhras]]

Revision as of 17:40, 19 September 2012

The Fellowship of the Ring at the Redhorn Gate as depicted by Ted Nasmith.
Caradhras
Physical Description
Locationabove Khazad-dûm, between Celebdil and Fanuidhol, on the border between Eriador and Rhovanion
belongs to...the Misty Mountains
General Information
Other namesRedhorn (Westron), Baraz(inbar) (Khuzdul)
EtymologyCaradhras: caran - red, ras - horn
Barazinbar: baraz - red, inbar - horn
Eventscapture of Celebrían, wife of Elrond; attempt of Fellowship of the Ring to cross Misty Mountains
"Caradhras was called the Cruel, and had an ill name long years ago, when rumour of Sauron had not been heard in these lands."
Gimli[1]

Caradhras (S, pron. [kaˈraðras]) was one of the mightiest peaks in the Misty Mountains.

Contents

The Mountain

Caradhras by Tom Cross

Caradhras was the tallest and northernmost of the Mountains of Moria, the three mountains which the great Dwarf city of Khazad-dûm was built under. The other two were Celebdil (Silvertine) and Fanuidhol (Cloudyhead). Caradhras was described as "mighty peak, tipped with snow like silver, but with sheer naked sides". In the light of the rising or setting sun it appeared "dull red as if stained with blood".

Caradhras was called the Cruel by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation.[1] It was the site in Middle-earth where Mithril was found and where dwarves woke Durin's Bane, the Balrog of Moria.[2]

The Redhorn Gate

The Redhorn Gate (also called the Redhorn Pass) was a narrow and dangerous pass through the Misty Mountains that led from the wilds of Eriador through to Rhovanion beyond. Sheer and steep, it climbed across the southern slopes of Caradhras and led down into the Dimrill Dale and hence the Vale of Anduin beyond the Mountains.[1]

The Redhorn Gate was known to be treacherous. It was on this pass in T.A. 2509 that Celebrían, the wife of Elrond, was captured by orcs. This was also the pass used by the hobbits migrating from Gladden Fields into Eriador.[3]

After the fall of Khazad-dûm, this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lorien and Eriador. On 11 January - 12, T.A. 3019, the Fellowship of the Ring attempted to cross the Misty Mountains by the Redhorn Gate.[4] They came into a fierce blizzard and could not go any further due to the deep snow. So they were defeated by the ill will of the mountain and were forced to cross under the Misty Mountains through the Mines of Moria.[1]

Etymology

The name is Sindarin and means Redhorn. It is composed of caran "red" and ras "horn". As a compound, the contact of n next to r presents a phenomenon similar to prestanneth: Caran-ras is assimilated to Caradhras.

Barazinbar (or also Baraz) is the literal Khuzdul translation of "Redhorn".

Portrayal in Adaptations

In The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring by Peter Jackson the violent snowstorms on the mountain are caused by Saruman and not the mountain itself. In his spell, Saruman mentions the neo-Quenya name of Caradhras as Carnirasse.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Ring Goes South"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"