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Caras Galadhon

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{{location
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| image=[[File:The Lord of the Rings - The Motion Picture Trilogy - Caras Galadhon.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Caras Galadhon
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| othernames=City of the Trees
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| etymology= S. "city of trees"
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| type=City
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| location=The [[Naith]]
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| inhabitants=The [[Galadhrim]], including [[Celeborn]] and [[Galadriel]]
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| realms=[[Lothlórien]]
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| description=
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| events=
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| references=
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|}}
 
{{Pronounce|Caras Galadhon.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Caras Galadhon.mp3|Ardamir}}
[[Image:Peter Jackson's Caras Galadhon.jpg|thumb|300px|Caras Galadhon as envisioned in [[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]]]]
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'''Caras Galadhon''' (pronounced {{IPA|[ˈkaras ˈɡalaðon]}}) the city and fortress of the [[Galadhrim]] of [[Lothlórien]].<ref name=FR-II6>{{FR|II6}}</ref>
'''Caras Galadhon''' (pronounced {{IPA|/&#712;karas &#712;galaðon/}}) was the chief city of [[Lórien in Middle-earth|Lórien]].
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Caras Galadhon was in the [[Naith]] of Lórien, in the heart of the [[Silvan Elves]]' realm. It was built in the middle of, on top of, and out of the [[mallorn]] trees that [[Galadriel]] had brought with her from [[Valinor]]. At it heart was the residence of [[Celeborn, Lord of Lórien|Celeborn]] and Galadriel.
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==Overview==
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Caras Galadhon was in the [[Naith]] of Lórien, in the [[Angle (Lothlórien)|angle]] between the rivers [[Celebrant]] and [[Anduin]] known as [[Egladil]].<ref name=FR-II6/>
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The city was located on a green hill  surrounded by a fosse and a wall whose gates lay to the south-west. The inhabitants dwelled in large [[Telain|flets]] in the trees, reached by white ladders. On the top of the hill, in the greatest of trees, were the house of Celeborn and Galadriel.<ref name=FR-II6/> In the same tree were the highest point in the land.<ref name=UT-6>{{UT|6}}</ref>
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==History==
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The city was founded in the second millennium of the [[Third Age]] due to the growing threat of [[Dol Guldur]].<ref name=UT-6/>
  
 
During the events of the [[War of the Ring]], the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the [[Galadhrim]]. They stayed in the city for a month, recovering from their journey through [[Moria]].
 
During the events of the [[War of the Ring]], the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the [[Galadhrim]]. They stayed in the city for a month, recovering from their journey through [[Moria]].
  
In the [[Fourth Age]], after Galadriel had gone into the [[Straight Road|West]], Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river [[Anduin]]. Later Celeborn left for [[Valinor]] was well, and Caras Galadhon became an empty place.
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In the [[Fourth Age]], after Galadriel had gone into the [[Straight Road|West]], Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river [[Anduin]]. Later Celeborn left for [[Valinor]] as well, and Caras Galadhon became an empty place.
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==Etymology==
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The name ''Caras Galadhon'' is said to be [[Silvan Elvish]].<ref name=UT-6/>. However the word ''[[caras]]'' is also attested as [[Sindarin]].
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''Galadhon'' can be interpreted as genitive plural "of trees", showing a case ending not existing in Sindarin but known from [[Quenya]]. [[Tolkien]]'s earliest version of Sindarin, called [[Gnomish|Goldogrin]], also possessed this ending. In that case Caras Galadhon means "moated fortress of the trees".
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The name could also refer in some way to [[Galadhon]], whom Tolkien conceived to be the father of [[Celeborn]]. In that case the name would mean *"Galadhon's fortress".
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==Errors==
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In the first edition of ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', Caras Galadhon was misspelled "Caras Galadon".
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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[[File:Caras Galadhon.jpg|350px|thumb|Caras Galadhon from ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'']]
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]''
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:A view Caras Galadhon from [[Cerin Amroth]] is only present in the Extended Edition. The Fellowship's stay in the city is a significant portion of the film.
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'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
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:Caras Galadhon scenes are rather brief, mostly limited to the Mirror of Galadriel scene.
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'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
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:Caras Galadhon is the main inhabited area in Lothlorien, where players cannot enter until they prove their friendship to Galadhrim. The map and general layout of the city is replicated from the map in [[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]. The city hosts most major gameplay facilities and is composed of a large number of flets on different levels, connected by multiple ladders and staircases. It is rather hard to navigate and thus several quests consist solely of directing the player to various point of interest, then challenging him to find them again. The Company Pavilion, Galadriel's Garden and the House of Celeborn are also located there.  
  
In some printings of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', "Caras Galadhon" was misspelled "Caras Galadon".
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{{references}}
  
[[Category:Cities]]
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[[Category:Lothlórien]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
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[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
  
 
[[de:Caras Galadhon]]
 
[[de:Caras Galadhon]]
 
[[fi:Caras Galadhon]]
 
[[fi:Caras Galadhon]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:villes_tours_et_forteresses:rhovanion:caras_galadhon]]

Revision as of 16:49, 22 June 2014

The Lord of the Rings - The Motion Picture Trilogy - Caras Galadhon.jpg
Caras Galadhon
Physical Description
TypeCity
LocationThe Naith
RealmsLothlórien
InhabitantsThe Galadhrim, including Celeborn and Galadriel
General Information
Other namesCity of the Trees
EtymologyS. "city of trees"

Caras Galadhon (pronounced [ˈkaras ˈɡalaðon]) the city and fortress of the Galadhrim of Lothlórien.[1]

Contents

Overview

Caras Galadhon was in the Naith of Lórien, in the angle between the rivers Celebrant and Anduin known as Egladil.[1]

The city was located on a green hill surrounded by a fosse and a wall whose gates lay to the south-west. The inhabitants dwelled in large flets in the trees, reached by white ladders. On the top of the hill, in the greatest of trees, were the house of Celeborn and Galadriel.[1] In the same tree were the highest point in the land.[2]

History

The city was founded in the second millennium of the Third Age due to the growing threat of Dol Guldur.[2]

During the events of the War of the Ring, the Fellowship of the Ring was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the Galadhrim. They stayed in the city for a month, recovering from their journey through Moria.

In the Fourth Age, after Galadriel had gone into the West, Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river Anduin. Later Celeborn left for Valinor as well, and Caras Galadhon became an empty place.

Etymology

The name Caras Galadhon is said to be Silvan Elvish.[2]. However the word caras is also attested as Sindarin.

Galadhon can be interpreted as genitive plural "of trees", showing a case ending not existing in Sindarin but known from Quenya. Tolkien's earliest version of Sindarin, called Goldogrin, also possessed this ending. In that case Caras Galadhon means "moated fortress of the trees".

The name could also refer in some way to Galadhon, whom Tolkien conceived to be the father of Celeborn. In that case the name would mean *"Galadhon's fortress".

Errors

In the first edition of The Fellowship of the Ring, Caras Galadhon was misspelled "Caras Galadon".

Portrayal in adaptations

Caras Galadhon from The Lord of the Rings Online

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

A view Caras Galadhon from Cerin Amroth is only present in the Extended Edition. The Fellowship's stay in the city is a significant portion of the film.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Caras Galadhon scenes are rather brief, mostly limited to the Mirror of Galadriel scene.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Caras Galadhon is the main inhabited area in Lothlorien, where players cannot enter until they prove their friendship to Galadhrim. The map and general layout of the city is replicated from the map in The Atlas of Middle-earth. The city hosts most major gameplay facilities and is composed of a large number of flets on different levels, connected by multiple ladders and staircases. It is rather hard to navigate and thus several quests consist solely of directing the player to various point of interest, then challenging him to find them again. The Company Pavilion, Galadriel's Garden and the House of Celeborn are also located there.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Lothlórien"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"