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Celeborn

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Revision as of 19:48, 20 February 2011

"I shan't call it the end, till we've cleared up the mess." — Sam
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"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
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This article is about the Lord of Lórien. For the the Tree, see Celeborn (White Tree).
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Celeborn
Falmar/Falas elf
Biographical Information
Other namesT. Teleporno; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the Galadhrim
TitlesLord of the Golden Wood
BirthMid to late Y.O.T.T
DeathDid not die; sailed West in the early Fourth Age (aged About 7,100)
Family
ParentageUncertain, see below
SpouseGaladriel
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorSilver

Celeborn (S: "silver-tall", pron. [ˈkeleborn]) was a noble of the Falmari, who wedded the famous Galadriel of the Noldor and eventually became Lord of Lórien. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the first age, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.

Contents

History

Early life

According to some accounts, Celeborn was a Teler of noble rank in Alqualondë[1][2], born Teleporno. His parentage is uncertain; due to his rank he may have been a son, grandson, or even great-grandson of Olwë, King of the Falmari.

Artanis, Olwë’s granddaughter and a Noldorin princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet Alatáriel, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"[2]. Teleporno's name gained an additional Quenya form, Telporno (pron. [telˈporno]).

Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the First Kinslaying. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of Fëanor of the open lands across the sea. She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to Endor, and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the Ban of the Valar.

Other accounts say that Celeborn was a Sindarin prince from Doriath, the grandson of Elmo (the brother of Elwe/Thingol). As a result there has been many debates about his origins and early life. See Controversy.

First Age

In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by Elu Thingol, High King of the Sindar and Lord of Doriath. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually Sindarinized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.

For the rest of the First Age Celeborn and Galadriel appear to have remained inactive, not affecting the course of events in Beleriand so much as their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin. For a time they dwelt in Nargothrond, but had moved back to Doriath by the year 300. They were not mentioned in the sacks of Nargothrond, Doriath, and the Havens, and so it may be presumed that they escaped one or more of these, or else moved down to the Isle of Balar. After the War of Wrath, the two were given the choice as to whether or not they wanted to go back to Aman. Galadriel, hurt and proud, refused the pardon. Celeborn, whether because he felt the same way or for his wife’s sake, likewise declined[3].

Second Age

Galadriel and Celeborn as drawn by Rowena Morrill.

After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn ruled the fief of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar[4], under the High King Gil-galad. He and Galadriel eventually moved to or founded Eregion. After Celebrimbor had largely taken over, they made contact with the Nandor of Lórinand, across the Hithaeglir. Not long after they went through Moria to live there, becoming great among its people.

Celeborn fought in the Sack of Eregion, and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded Rivendell[1]. After the making of the rings and the Sack of Eregion, Galadriel received one of the Three Rings, Nenya. After Amdír, King of Lórinand, died, so fell also Sauron, and the One Ring was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.

Third Age

After King Amroth died, Celeborn and Galadriel ruled jointly as the Lord and Lady over Lórinand, now known as Lothlórien. It was during this time that Galadriel bore Celeborn their first child, a daughter named Celebrían. Their daughter took as a husband Elrond, and dwelt in Imladris.

In response to the growing threat of Dol Guldur, the White Council was formed in T.A. 2463. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member6. Some time after, during the calm before the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019), Lórien received the Fellowship of the Ring, composed of various characters on the quest to destroy the One Ring. He offered advice, and boats for the Anduin, speeding them on their way.

Celeborn’s most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by orcs of Dol Guldur. Celeborn then marshall his forces to cross the Anduin and lay siege to Dol Guldur. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.

After the War of the Ring

Celeborn attended the wedding of King Elessar and his granddaughter Arwen, and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to Treebeard as well.

"I do not think we shall meet again."
"I do not know, Eldest.
"
Treebeard and Celeborn, Many Partings.

Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of Nenya was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other Ring-bearers, and Celeborn, weary, moved to Imladris to live with Elladan and Elrohir, Elrond’s sons. After Círdan’s departure Celeborn was the last of the Wise in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of Valinor and the struggles of Elvenkind. It is not recorded when he sought the Grey Havens and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth7.

Character

What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against Dol Guldur and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good[5], sometimes for ill[1].

Controversy

Up to the time when The Lord of the Rings was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. Tolkien later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf.

In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by Christopher Tolkien and Guy Kay for The Silmarillion. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother Elmo. Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.

A Sindarin origin as Elmo's Grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.

In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a Falmarin Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in Telerin (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced). The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In order to be counted as a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol, Celeborn must have been part of the family of the Telerin king Olwë, likely one of his sons or grandsons.

This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel. A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.

This account is considered by many to be of greater canonical significance than the previous one, due to its later date and is included in this article.

Etymology

Celeborn probably comes from Sindarin celeb "silver" + orna "tall". Teleporno, his original Telerin Quenya name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as Celeborn: Telerin telep ("silver") (Noldorin Quenya tyelep) was translated to Sindarin keleb or celeb.

He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in The Lord of the Rings.

Portrayal in Adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings:

Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside Galadriel for a brief shot.

1981: The Lord of the Rings

Celeborn was voiced by Simon Cadell.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn is played by Marton Csokas. The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien. Notably, he gives Aragorn a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the Anduin.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Unfinished Tales, The History of Galadriel and Celeborn
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Peoples of Middle-earth, The Shibboleth of Fëanor
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion
  4. The Peoples of Middle-earth, Of Dwarves and Men, note 65.
  5. The Lord of the Rings

See Also

External Links