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Celeborn

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{{disambig-two|the Lord of Lórien|the Tree|[[Celeborn (White Tree)]]}}
 
{{disambig-two|the Lord of Lórien|the Tree|[[Celeborn (White Tree)]]}}
 
{{teleri infobox
 
{{teleri infobox
| image=[[Image:Hope_Hoover_-_Celeborn_sketch.jpg|280px]]
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| image=[[File:John Howe - Celeborn.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Celeborn
 
| name=Celeborn
 
| othernames= [[Telerin|T.]] ''[[Teleporno]]''; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the [[Galadhrim]]  
 
| othernames= [[Telerin|T.]] ''[[Teleporno]]''; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the [[Galadhrim]]  
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| parentage=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
 
| parentage=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
| hair=Silver
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| hair=Silver, long<ref name="Mirror">{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
 
}}{{Pronounce|Celeborn.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
}}{{Pronounce|Celeborn.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was a noble of the [[Falmari]], who wedded the famous [[Galadriel]] of the [[Noldor]] and eventually became [[Lord of Lórien]].  He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the first age, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.
+
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was a noble of the [[Falmari]], who wedded the famous [[Galadriel]] of the [[Noldor]] and eventually became [[Lord of Lórien]].   
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
 +
According to some accounts, Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]], born '''[[Teleporno]]''', grandson of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Falmari]].<ref name="GC">{{UT|6}}</ref><ref name="Shib">{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>
  
According to some accounts, Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]]<ref name="GC">''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', ''[[The History of Galadriel and Celeborn]]''</ref><ref name="Shib">''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', ''[[The Shibboleth of Fëanor]]''</ref>, born '''[[Teleporno]]'''.  His parentage is uncertain; due to his rank he may have been a son, grandson, or even great-grandson of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Falmari]].
+
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë's granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin.  During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".<ref name="Shib"/>  Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]''' (pron. {{IPA|[telˈporno]}}).
 
+
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë’s granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin.  During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"<ref name="Shib"/>. Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]''' (pron. {{IPA|[telˈporno]}}).
+
  
 
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[First Kinslaying]].  Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]].  She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to [[Endor]], and he gave in.  In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
 
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[First Kinslaying]].  Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]].  She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to [[Endor]], and he gave in.  In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
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In [[Beleriand]], Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Thingol|Elu Thingol]], High King of the [[Sindar]] and Lord of [[Doriath]]. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually [[Sindarin]]ized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
 
In [[Beleriand]], Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Thingol|Elu Thingol]], High King of the [[Sindar]] and Lord of [[Doriath]]. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually [[Sindarin]]ized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
  
For the rest of the [[First Age]] Celeborn and Galadriel appear to have remained inactive, not affecting the course of events in Beleriand so much as their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin. For a time they dwelt in [[Nargothrond]], but had moved back to [[Doriath]] by the year [[First Age 300|300]].  They were not mentioned in the sacks of [[Nargothrond]], Doriath, and the [[Havens of Sirion|Havens]], and so it may be presumed that they escaped one or more of these, or else moved down to the [[Isle of Balar]]. After the [[War of Wrath]], the two were given the choice as to whether or not they wanted to go back to [[Aman]]. Galadriel, hurt and proud, refused the pardon. Celeborn, whether because he felt the same way or for his wife’s sake, likewise declined<ref>''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Quenta Silmarillion]]</ref>.
+
For the rest of the [[First Age]] Celeborn and Galadriel appear to have remained inactive, not affecting the course of events in Beleriand so much as their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin. For a time they dwelt in [[Nargothrond]], but had moved back to [[Doriath]] by the year {{FA|300}}.  They were not mentioned in the sacks of [[Nargothrond]], Doriath, and the [[Havens of Sirion|Havens]], and so it may be presumed that they escaped one or more of these, or else moved down to the [[Isle of Balar]]. After the [[War of Wrath]], the two were given the choice as to whether or not they wanted to go back to [[Aman]]. Galadriel, hurt and proud, refused the pardon. Celeborn, whether because he felt the same way or for his wife's sake, likewise declined.<ref>{{S|III}}</ref>
  
 
===Second Age===
 
===Second Age===
[[Image:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|''Galadriel and Celeborn'' as drawn by Rowena Morrill.]]
+
[[File:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|''Galadriel and Celeborn'' as drawn by Rowena Morrill.]]
After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]]<ref>''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', ''[[Of Dwarves and Men]]'', note 65.</ref>, under the [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]]. He and Galadriel eventually moved to or founded [[Eregion]].  After [[Celebrimbor]] had largely taken over, they made contact with the [[Nandor]] of [[Lórinand]], across the [[Misty Mountains|Hithaeglir]]. Not long after they went through [[Moria]] to live there, becoming great among its people.
+
After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]], under the [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}, p. 328 (note 65)</ref> He and Galadriel eventually moved to or founded [[Eregion]].  After [[Celebrimbor]] had largely taken over, they made contact with the [[Nandor]] of [[Lórinand]], across the [[Misty Mountains|Hithaeglir]]. Not long after they went through [[Moria]] to live there, becoming great among its people.
  
Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]], and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]]<ref name="GC" />.
+
Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]], and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]].<ref name="GC"/>
 
After the making of the [[Rings of Power|rings]] and the Sack of Eregion,  Galadriel received one of the [[Three Rings]], [[Nenya]]. After [[Amdír]], King of Lórinand, died, so fell also [[Sauron]], and [[the One Ring]] was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.
 
After the making of the [[Rings of Power|rings]] and the Sack of Eregion,  Galadriel received one of the [[Three Rings]], [[Nenya]]. After [[Amdír]], King of Lórinand, died, so fell also [[Sauron]], and [[the One Ring]] was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.
  
 
===Third Age===
 
===Third Age===
After King [[Amroth]] died, Celeborn and Galadriel ruled jointly as the [[Lord and Lady]] over Lórinand, now known as [[Lothlórien]]. It was during this time that Galadriel bore Celeborn their first child, a daughter named [[Celebrían]]. Their daughter took as a husband [[Elrond]], and dwelt in [[Imladris]].
+
After King [[Amroth]] died, Celeborn and Galadriel ruled jointly as the [[Lord and Lady]] over Lórinand, now known as [[Lothlórien]]. It was during this time that Galadriel bore Celeborn their first child, a daughter named [[Celebrían]]. Their daughter took as a husband [[Elrond]], and dwelt in [[Rivendell|Imladris]].
  
In response to the growing threat of [[Dol Guldur]], the [[White Council]] was formed in [[Third Age 2463|T.A. 2463]]. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member<sup>[[#References|6]]</sup>. Some time after, during the calm before the [[War of the Ring]] in [[Third Age 3019|T.A. 3019]]), Lórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various characters on the quest to destroy [[the One Ring]]. He offered advice, and boats for the [[Anduin]], speeding them on their way.
+
In response to the growing threat of [[Dol Guldur]], the [[White Council]] was formed in {{TA|2463}}. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member<sup>[[#References|6]]</sup>. Some time after, during the calm before the [[War of the Ring]] in {{TA|3019}}), Lórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various characters on the quest to destroy [[the One Ring]]. He offered advice, and boats for the [[Anduin]], speeding them on their way.
  
Celeborn’s most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by [[orcs]] of [[Dol Guldur]]. Celeborn then marshall his forces to cross the [[Anduin]] and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|lay siege to Dol Guldur]]. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.
+
Celeborn's most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by [[orcs]] of [[Dol Guldur]]. Celeborn then marshall his forces to cross the [[Anduin]] and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|lay siege to Dol Guldur]]. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.
  
 
===After the War of the Ring===
 
===After the War of the Ring===
 
 
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well.
 
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well.
  
 
{{quote|I do not think we shall meet again."<br>"I do not know, Eldest.|[[Treebeard]] and Celeborn, ''[[Many Partings]]''}}.
 
{{quote|I do not think we shall meet again."<br>"I do not know, Eldest.|[[Treebeard]] and Celeborn, ''[[Many Partings]]''}}.
  
Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of [[Nenya]] was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other [[Ring-bearers]], and Celeborn, weary, moved to [[Imladris]] to live with [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]], Elrond’s sons. After [[Círdan]]’s departure Celeborn was the last of the [[Wise]] in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of [[Valinor]] and the struggles of [[Elves|Elvenkind]]. It is not recorded when he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth<sup>[[#References|7]]</sup>.
+
Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of [[Nenya]] was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other [[Ring-bearers]], and Celeborn, weary, moved to Imladris to live with [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]], Elrond’s sons. After [[Círdan]]'s departure Celeborn was the last of the [[Wise]] in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of [[Valinor]] and the struggles of [[Elves|Elvenkind]]. It is not recorded when he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth<sup>[[#References|7]]</sup>.
  
 
==Character==
 
==Character==
 
 
What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against [[Dol Guldur]] and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''</ref>, sometimes for ill<ref name="GC"/>.
 
What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against [[Dol Guldur]] and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''</ref>, sometimes for ill<ref name="GC"/>.
  
 
==Controversy==
 
==Controversy==
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium.  [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf.
+
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium.  [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.
 +
 
 +
[[Robert Foster]] mentions that although Celeborn is famed and named "the Wise", "he does not seem especially bright" in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''<ref>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', entry "Celeborn"</ref>.
  
 
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Kay]] for ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]].  Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.
 
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Kay]] for ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]].  Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.
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A Sindarin origin as Elmo's Grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.  
 
A Sindarin origin as Elmo's Grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.  
  
In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a [[Falmari]]n Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in [[Telerin]] (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced). The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In order to be counted as a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol, Celeborn must have been part of the family of the Telerin king Olwë, likely one of his sons or grandsons.
+
In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a [[Falmari]]n Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in [[Telerin]] (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced).<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}, pp. 347, 364 (note 46)</ref> The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In this account Celeborn is stated to have been a grandson of the Telerin king Olwë, so that he still was a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol.<ref name="GC"/>
  
 
This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel. A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.
 
This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel. A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.
  
This account is considered by many to be of greater canonical significance than the previous one, due to its later date and is included in this article.
+
This account is included in this article due to its later date.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Celeborn probably comes from [[Sindarin]] ''[[celeb]]'' "silver" + ''[[orna]]'' "tall". ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] [[Quenya]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''[[telpe]]'' ("silver") (Noldorin Quenya ''[[tyelpe]]'') was translated to Sindarin ''keleb'' or ''celeb''.  
+
''Celeborn'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[celeb]]'' ("silver") + a derivative of ''[[ornā]]'' ("tall"). ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''[[telepi|telpe]]'' ("silver") (Quenya ''[[telpe|tyelpe]]'') was transformed to Sindarin ''celeb''.<ref>{{UT|6e}}</ref>
  
 
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
 
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
  
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
+
==Portrayal in adaptations==
[[Image:PJ's LotR - Celeborn1.jpg|thumb|[[Marton Csokas]] plays Celeborn in [[The Lord of the Rings: The Motion Picture Trilogy]].]]
+
[[File:Celeborn.jpg|thumb|350px|Celeborn's appearance in ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]''.]]
 
+
 
'''1978: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|The Lord of the Rings]]'':'''
 
'''1978: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|The Lord of the Rings]]'':'''
 
:Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside [[Galadriel]] for a brief shot.
 
:Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside [[Galadriel]] for a brief shot.
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 
:Celeborn is played by [[Marton Csokas]].  The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of ''The Fellowship of the Ring''.  In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien.  Notably, he gives [[Aragorn]] a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the [[Anduin]].   
 
:Celeborn is played by [[Marton Csokas]].  The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of ''The Fellowship of the Ring''.  In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien.  Notably, he gives [[Aragorn]] a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the [[Anduin]].   
 +
 +
'''2002: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|Vivendi's The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 +
:Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.
  
 
'''2003: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'':'''
 
'''2003: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'':'''
 
:Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.
 
:Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.
  
{{references}}
+
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
 +
:Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.
 +
 
 +
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 +
:Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in [[Caras Galadhon]]. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against [[Dol Guldur]] in [[Mirkwood]].
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[:Category:Images of Celeborn|Images of Celeborn]].
 +
 
 +
{{References}}
 
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', [[The Lord of the Rings Appendices|Appendices]] [[Appendix A|A]] and [[Appendix B|B]].
 
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', [[The Lord of the Rings Appendices|Appendices]] [[Appendix A|A]] and [[Appendix B|B]].
 
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[Prologue]]''.
 
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[Prologue]]''.
  
== See Also ==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Celeborn|Images of Celeborn]].
 
 
==External Links==
 
* [http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/tolkien/96308 Celeborn Unplugged], an essay by [[Michael Martinez]] on the importance of Celeborn in the legendarium.
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
 
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
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[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
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[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
 +
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]

Revision as of 19:19, 14 October 2012

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This article is about the Lord of Lórien. For the the Tree, see Celeborn (White Tree).
John Howe - Celeborn.jpg
Celeborn
Falmar/Falas elf
Biographical Information
Other namesT. Teleporno; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the Galadhrim
TitlesLord of the Golden Wood
BirthMid to late Y.O.T.T
DeathDid not die; sailed West in the early Fourth Age (aged About 7,100)
Family
ParentageUncertain, see below
SpouseGaladriel
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorSilver, long[1]

Celeborn (S: "silver-tall", pron. [ˈkeleborn]) was a noble of the Falmari, who wedded the famous Galadriel of the Noldor and eventually became Lord of Lórien.

Contents

History

Early life

According to some accounts, Celeborn was a Teler of noble rank in Alqualondë, born Teleporno, grandson of Olwë, King of the Falmari.[2][3]

Artanis, Olwë's granddaughter and a Noldorin princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet Alatáriel, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".[3] Teleporno's name gained an additional Quenya form, Telporno (pron. [telˈporno]).

Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the First Kinslaying. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of Fëanor of the open lands across the sea. She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to Endor, and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the Ban of the Valar.

Other accounts say that Celeborn was a Sindarin prince from Doriath, the grandson of Elmo (the brother of Elwe/Thingol). As a result there has been many debates about his origins and early life. See Controversy.

First Age

In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by Elu Thingol, High King of the Sindar and Lord of Doriath. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually Sindarinized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.

For the rest of the First Age Celeborn and Galadriel appear to have remained inactive, not affecting the course of events in Beleriand so much as their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin. For a time they dwelt in Nargothrond, but had moved back to Doriath by the year F.A. 300. They were not mentioned in the sacks of Nargothrond, Doriath, and the Havens, and so it may be presumed that they escaped one or more of these, or else moved down to the Isle of Balar. After the War of Wrath, the two were given the choice as to whether or not they wanted to go back to Aman. Galadriel, hurt and proud, refused the pardon. Celeborn, whether because he felt the same way or for his wife's sake, likewise declined.[4]

Second Age

Galadriel and Celeborn as drawn by Rowena Morrill.

After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn ruled the fief of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar, under the High King Gil-galad.[5] He and Galadriel eventually moved to or founded Eregion. After Celebrimbor had largely taken over, they made contact with the Nandor of Lórinand, across the Hithaeglir. Not long after they went through Moria to live there, becoming great among its people.

Celeborn fought in the Sack of Eregion, and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded Rivendell.[2] After the making of the rings and the Sack of Eregion, Galadriel received one of the Three Rings, Nenya. After Amdír, King of Lórinand, died, so fell also Sauron, and the One Ring was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.

Third Age

After King Amroth died, Celeborn and Galadriel ruled jointly as the Lord and Lady over Lórinand, now known as Lothlórien. It was during this time that Galadriel bore Celeborn their first child, a daughter named Celebrían. Their daughter took as a husband Elrond, and dwelt in Imladris.

In response to the growing threat of Dol Guldur, the White Council was formed in T.A. 2463. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member6. Some time after, during the calm before the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019), Lórien received the Fellowship of the Ring, composed of various characters on the quest to destroy the One Ring. He offered advice, and boats for the Anduin, speeding them on their way.

Celeborn's most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by orcs of Dol Guldur. Celeborn then marshall his forces to cross the Anduin and lay siege to Dol Guldur. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.

After the War of the Ring

Celeborn attended the wedding of King Elessar and his granddaughter Arwen, and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to Treebeard as well.

"I do not think we shall meet again."
"I do not know, Eldest.
"
Treebeard and Celeborn, Many Partings.

Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of Nenya was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other Ring-bearers, and Celeborn, weary, moved to Imladris to live with Elladan and Elrohir, Elrond’s sons. After Círdan's departure Celeborn was the last of the Wise in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of Valinor and the struggles of Elvenkind. It is not recorded when he sought the Grey Havens and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth7.

Character

What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against Dol Guldur and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good[6], sometimes for ill[2].

Controversy

Up to the time when The Lord of the Rings was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. Tolkien later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.

Robert Foster mentions that although Celeborn is famed and named "the Wise", "he does not seem especially bright" in The Lord of the Rings[7].

In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by Christopher Tolkien and Guy Kay for The Silmarillion. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother Elmo. Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.

A Sindarin origin as Elmo's Grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.

In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a Falmarin Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in Telerin (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced).[8] The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In this account Celeborn is stated to have been a grandson of the Telerin king Olwë, so that he still was a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol.[2]

This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel. A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.

This account is included in this article due to its later date.

Etymology

Celeborn is a Sindarin name, consisting of celeb ("silver") + a derivative of ornā ("tall"). Teleporno, his original Telerin name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as Celeborn: Telerin telpe ("silver") (Quenya tyelpe) was transformed to Sindarin celeb.[9]

He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in The Lord of the Rings.

Portrayal in adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings:

Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside Galadriel for a brief shot.

1981: The Lord of the Rings

Celeborn was voiced by Simon Cadell.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn is played by Marton Csokas. The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien. Notably, he gives Aragorn a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the Anduin.

2002: Vivendi's The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in Caras Galadhon. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against Dol Guldur in Mirkwood.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: The History of the Silmarils"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 328 (note 65)
  6. The Lord of the Rings
  7. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Celeborn"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", pp. 347, 364 (note 46)
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel"