Tolkien Gateway

Celeborn

(Difference between revisions)
m (Portrayal in adaptations)
(44 intermediate revisions by 15 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{disambig-two|the Lord of Lórien|the Tree|[[Celeborn (White Tree)]]}}
 
 
{{cleanup}}{{sources}}
 
{{cleanup}}{{sources}}
{{teleri infobox
+
{{disambig-two|the Lord of Lórien|the Tree|[[Celeborn (White Tree)]]}}
| image=[[Image:Hope_Hoover_-_Celeborn_sketch.jpg|280px]]
+
{{sindar infobox
 +
| image=[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Celeborn.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Celeborn
 
| name=Celeborn
 
| othernames= [[Telerin|T.]] ''[[Teleporno]]''; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the [[Galadhrim]]  
 
| othernames= [[Telerin|T.]] ''[[Teleporno]]''; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the [[Galadhrim]]  
 
| titles=Lord of the [[Lothlórien|Golden Wood]]
 
| titles=Lord of the [[Lothlórien|Golden Wood]]
| birth=Mid to late [[Years of the Trees|Y.O.T.T]]
+
| birth=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
| realm=[[Alqualondë]], [[Lindon]], [[Eregion]], [[Lothlórien]]
+
| realm=[[Doriath]], [[Lindon]], [[Eregion]], [[Lothlórien]]
 
| death=Did not die; sailed [[Valinor|West]] in the early [[Fourth Age]]
 
| death=Did not die; sailed [[Valinor|West]] in the early [[Fourth Age]]
| age=About 7,100
 
 
| spouse=[[Galadriel]]
 
| spouse=[[Galadriel]]
 
| children=[[Celebrían]]
 
| children=[[Celebrían]]
 
| parentage=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
 
| parentage=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
| hair=Silver
+
| hair=Silver, long<ref name="Mirror">{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
|}}{{Pronounce|Celeborn.mp3|Ardamir}}
+
}}{{Pronounce|Celeborn.mp3|Ardamir}}
'''Celeborn the Wise''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was a noble of the [[Falmari]], who wedded the famous [[Galadriel]] of the [[Noldor]] and eventually became [[Lord of Lórien]].  He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the first age, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.
+
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was a noble of the [[Sindar]], who wedded the famous [[Galadriel]] of the [[Noldor]] and eventually became [[Lord of Lórien]].   
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
 
+
Celeborn was a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince from [[Doriath]], the grandson of [[Elmo]] (the brother of [[Thingol|Elwe/Thingol]])<ref name="Sil-13">{{S|13}}</ref> There has been many debates about his origins and early life. See ''[[#Controversy|Controversy]]''.
According to some accounts, Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]]<ref name="GC">''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', ''[[The History of Galadriel and Celeborn]]''</ref><ref name="Shib">''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', ''[[The Shibboleth of Fëanor]]''</ref>, born '''[[Teleporno]]'''.  His parentage is uncertain; due to his rank he may have been a son, grandson, or even great-grandson of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Falmari]].
+
 
+
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë’s granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin.  During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland"<ref name="Shib"/>.  Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]'''.
+
 
+
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[First Kinslaying]].  Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]].  She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to [[Endor]], and he gave in.  In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
+
 
+
Other accounts say that Celeborn was a Sindarin prince from Doriath, the grandson of [[Elmo]] (the brother of Elwe/Thingol). As a result there has been many debates about his origins and early life. See ''[[#Controversy|Controversy]]''.
+
  
 
===First Age===
 
===First Age===
In [[Beleriand]], Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Elu Thingol]], High King of the [[Sindar]] and Lord of [[Doriath]]. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually [[Sindarin]]ized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
+
[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Love at First Sight.jpg|left|thumb|''Love at First Sight'' by Līga Kļaviņa]]
 +
In the early [[Years of the Sun]] Finrod and [[Galadriel]] came to Doriath as guests of [[Elu Thingol]], the King of Doriath. There Celeborn and Galadriel  met, fell in love and were wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after [[Finrod]] went to the [[Caverns of Narog]] to establish the stronghold of [[Nargothrond]]. <ref name="Sil-13"/>
  
For the rest of the [[First Age]] Celeborn and Galadriel appear to have remained inactive, not affecting the course of events in Beleriand so much as their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin. For a time they dwelt in [[Nargothrond]], but had moved back to [[Doriath]] by the year [[First Age 300|300]]. They were not mentioned in the sacks of [[Nargothrond]], Doriath, and the [[Havens of Sirion|Havens]], and so it may be presumed that they escaped one or more of these, or else moved down to the [[Isle of Balar]]. After the [[War of Wrath]], the two were given the choice as to whether or not they wanted to go back to [[Aman]]. Galadriel, hurt and proud, refused the pardon. Celeborn, whether because he felt the same way or for his wife’s sake, likewise declined<ref>''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Quenta Silmarillion]]</ref>.
+
For the rest of the [[First Age]] Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin did. The only thing that can be said for sure, is that the couple survived the [[Wars of Beleriand]], including the [[Sack of Doriath]] by the [[Sons of Feanor]]<ref>{{S|24}}</ref>. They may have escaped to the [[Havens of Sirion|Havens]] or the [[Isle of Balar]].
  
 
===Second Age===
 
===Second Age===
[[Image:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|''Galadriel and Celeborn'' as drawn by Rowena Morrill.]]
+
After the [[War of wrath|fall of Beleriand]], Celeborn and Galadriel came to [[Lindon]] the coastal region west of the Blue Mountains. Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of Sindar, under the [[Gil-galad|High King Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}</ref> They eventually came to [[Eregion]] where they dwelt for a time with [[Celebrimbor]] and the jewelsmiths of [[Gwaith-i-Mírdain]]. After Celebrimbor had largely taken over, they made contact with the [[Nandor]] of [[Lórinand]], across the [[Hithaeglir]]. Not long after they went through [[Khazad-dûm]] to live there, becoming great among its people.  
After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]]<ref>''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', ''[[Of Dwarves and Men]]'', note 65.</ref>, under the [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]]. He and Galadriel eventually moved to or founded [[Eregion]]. After [[Celebrimbor]] had largely taken over, they made contact with the [[Nandor]] of [[Lórinand]], across the [[Hithaeglir]]. Not long after they went through [[Moria]] to live there, becoming great among its people.
+
 
+
Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]], and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]]<ref name="GC" />.
+
After the making of the [[Rings of Power|rings]] and the Sack of Eregion,  Galadriel received one of the [[Three Rings]], [[Nenya]]. After [[Amdír]], King of Lórinand, died, so fell also [[Sauron]], and the [[One Ring]] was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.
+
  
 
===Third Age===
 
===Third Age===
After King [[Amroth]] died, Celeborn and Galadriel ruled jointly as the [[Lord and Lady]] over Lórinand, now known as [[Lothlórien]]. It was during this time that Galadriel bore Celeborn their first child, a daughter named [[Celebrían]]. Their daughter took as a husband [[Elrond]], and dwelt in [[Imladris]].
+
After the [[Sack of Eregion]], Celeborn and Galadriel came to Lórinand, the land of [[Silvan Elves]] on the eastern side of the Misty Mountains which was ruled by King [[Amdir]]. When Amdir died in the [[Battle of Dagorlad]], his son [[Amroth]] succeeded him. In early Third Age Amroth was weary of Middle-earth and wished to sail to the [[Valinor|West]]. He departed to [[Edhellond]] and by the year {{TA|1981}}. King Amroth drowned in the Bay of Belfalas. Celeborn and Galadriel took the title [[Lord and Lady]] of Lothlórien, the [[Sindarin]] name for Lórinand and together they built [[Caras Galadhon]].
  
In response to the growing threat of [[Dol Guldur]], the [[White Council]] was formed in [[Third Age 2463|T.A. 2463]]. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member<sup>[[#References|6]]</sup>. Some time after, during the calm before the [[War of the Ring]] in [[Third Age 3019|T.A. 3019]]), Lórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various characters on the quest to destroy the [[One Ring]]. He offered advice, and boats for the [[Anduin]], speeding them on their way.
+
Celeborn and Galadriel produced a daughter named [[Celebrían]], who later married [[Elrond]] Half-elven of [[Rivendell]], thus making Celeborn and her wife Galadriel the grandparents of the twins [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]] and their younger sister [[Arwen Undómiel]]. Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.
 +
[[File:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|''Galadriel and Celeborn'' as drawn by Rowena Morrill.]]
 +
In response to the growing threat of [[Dol Guldur]], the [[White Council]] was formed in {{TA|2463}}. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member. Some time after, during the [[War of the Ring]] in {{TA|3019}}, Lórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various travelers on the quest to destroy the [[One Ring]]. He offered advice, and boats for the [[Anduin]], speeding them on their way.  
  
Celeborn’s most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by [[orcs]] of [[Dol Guldur]]. Celeborn then marshall his forces to cross the [[Anduin]] and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|lay siege to Dol Guldur]]. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.
+
Celeborn's most significant recorded actions came in the [[Third Age 3020|year following]], when he repulsed three attacks by [[orcs]] of [[Dol Guldur]]. Celeborn then marshalled his forces to cross the Anduin and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|lay siege to Dol Guldur]]. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.
  
 
===After the War of the Ring===
 
===After the War of the Ring===
 
+
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well.
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn II|King Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well.
+
  
 
{{quote|I do not think we shall meet again."<br>"I do not know, Eldest.|[[Treebeard]] and Celeborn, ''[[Many Partings]]''}}.
 
{{quote|I do not think we shall meet again."<br>"I do not know, Eldest.|[[Treebeard]] and Celeborn, ''[[Many Partings]]''}}.
  
Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of [[Nenya]] was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other [[Ring-bearers]], and Celeborn, weary, moved to [[Imladris]] to live with [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]], Elrond’s sons. After [[Círdan]]’s departure Celeborn was the last of the [[Wise]] in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of [[Valinor]] and the struggles of [[Elves|Elvenkind]]. It is not recorded when he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth<sup>[[#References|7]]</sup>.
+
Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of [[Nenya]] was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other [[Ring-bearers]], and Celeborn, weary, moved to Imladris to live with [[Elladan]] and [[Elrohir]], Elrond’s sons. After [[Círdan]]'s departure Celeborn was the last of the [[Wise]] in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of [[Valinor]] and the struggles of [[Elves|Elvenkind]]. It is not recorded when he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth<sup>[[#References|7]]</sup>.
  
 
==Character==
 
==Character==
 
 
What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against [[Dol Guldur]] and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''</ref>, sometimes for ill<ref name="GC"/>.
 
What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against [[Dol Guldur]] and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''</ref>, sometimes for ill<ref name="GC"/>.
 +
 +
==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
 +
According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in [[Unfinished Tales]], Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]], born '''[[Teleporno]]''', grandson of [[Olwë]], King of the [[Falmari]].<ref name="GC">{{UT|6}}</ref><ref name="Shib">{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>
 +
 +
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë's granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".<ref name="Shib"/> Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]''' (pron. {{IPA|[telˈporno]}}).
 +
 +
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[First Kinslaying]]. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]]. She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to [[Endor]], and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
 +
 +
In [[Beleriand]], Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Thingol|Elu Thingol]], High King of the [[Sindar]] and Lord of [[Doriath]]. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, [[Olwë]] and [[Finwë]], but they said nothing about the [[kinslaying]]. Teleporno eventually [[Sindarin]]ized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
 +
 +
Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]], and he and [[Elrond]] narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]]. After the making of [[Three Rings|the rings]] and the Sack of Eregion, Galadriel received one of the Three Rings, [[Nenya]]. After Amdír, King of Lórinand, died, so fell also [[Sauron]], and the One Ring was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.
  
 
==Controversy==
 
==Controversy==
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium.  [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf.
+
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium.  [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.
 +
 
 +
[[Robert Foster]] mentions that although Celeborn is famed and named "the Wise", "he does not seem especially bright" in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''<ref>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', entry "Celeborn"</ref>.
  
 
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Kay]] for ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]].  Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.
 
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Kay]] for ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]].  Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.
  
A Sindarin origin as Elmo's Grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.  
+
A Sindarin origin as Elmo's grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.  
  
In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a [[Falmari]]n Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in [[Telerin]] (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced). The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In order to be counted as a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol, Celeborn must have been part of the family of the Telerin king Olwë, likely one of his sons or grandsons.
+
In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a [[Falmari]]n Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in [[Telerin]] (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced).<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}, pp. 347, 364 (note 46)</ref> The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In this account Celeborn is stated to have been a grandson of the Telerin king Olwë, so that he still was a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol.<ref name="GC"/>
  
This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel. A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.
+
This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.  
  
This account is considered by many to be of greater canonical significance than the previous one, due to its later date and is included in this article.
+
''“On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings”'' <sub>- [[Christopher Tolkien]], [[Unfinished Tales]]</sub>
 +
 
 +
A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Celeborn probably comes from [[Sindarin]] ''[[celeb]]'' "silver" + ''[[orna]]'' "tall". ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] [[Quenya]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''telep'' ("silver") (Noldorin Quenya ''tyelep'') was translated to Sindarin ''keleb'' or ''celeb''.  
+
''Celeborn'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[celeb]]'' ("silver") + a derivative of ''[[ornā]]'' ("tall"). ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''[[telepi|telpe]]'' ("silver") (Quenya ''[[telpe|tyelpe]]'') was transformed to Sindarin ''celeb''.<ref>{{UT|6e}}</ref>
  
 
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
 
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
  
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
+
==Portrayal in adaptations==
[[Image:PJ's LotR - Celeborn1.jpg|thumb|[[Marton Csokas]] plays Celeborn in [[Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]].]]
+
[[File:Celeborn.jpg|thumb|250px|Celeborn's appearance in ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]''.]]
 +
'''1978: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)|The Lord of the Rings]]'':'''
 +
:Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside [[Galadriel]] for a brief shot.
  
In [[Ralph Bakshi's The Lord of the Rings]], he did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside [[Galadriel]] for a brief shot.
+
'''1981: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|The Lord of the Rings]]'''''
 +
:Celeborn was voiced by [[Simon Cadell]].
  
In the [[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|1981 radio play]], he was voiced by [[Simon Cadell]].
+
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 +
:Celeborn is played by [[Marton Csokas]].  The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of ''The Fellowship of the Ring''.  In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien.  Notably, he gives [[Aragorn]] a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the [[Anduin]].
  
In [[Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]], Celeborn is played by [[Marton Csokas]].  The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring.  In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien.  Notably, he gives [[Aragorn II|Aragorn]] a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the [[Anduin]].  In [[Peter Jackson's The Return of the King|The Return of the King]], Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.
+
'''2002: [[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game)|''The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' (video game)]]:'''
 +
:Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.
  
==References==
+
'''2003: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King]]'':'''
<references/>
+
:Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.
==Sources==
+
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', [[Appendices]] [[Appendix A|A]] and [[Appendix B|B]].
+
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[Prologue]]''.
+
  
== See Also ==
+
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
* [[:Category:Images of Celeborn|Images of Celeborn]].
+
:Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.
  
==External Links==
+
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
* [http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/tolkien/96308 Celeborn Unplugged], an essay by [[Michael Martinez]] on the importance of Celeborn in the legendarium.
+
:Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in [[Caras Galadhon]]. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against [[Dol Guldur]] in [[Mirkwood]].
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[:Category:Images of Celeborn|Images of Celeborn]].
 +
 
 +
{{References}}
 +
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', [[The Lord of the Rings Appendices|Appendices]] [[Appendix A|A]] and [[Appendix B|B]].
 +
* ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[Prologue]]''.
  
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Lord of the Rings]]
 +
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
 
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Third Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Third Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 +
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 +
[[Category:Years of the Trees characters]]
  
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]

Revision as of 16:50, 15 February 2013

"I shan't call it the end, till we've cleared up the mess." — Sam
This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.
"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
This article is about the Lord of Lórien. For the the Tree, see Celeborn (White Tree).
Līga Kļaviņa - Celeborn.jpg
Celeborn
Sinda
Biographical Information
Other namesT. Teleporno; Lord of the Wood, Lord of Lórien, Lord of the Galadhrim
TitlesLord of the Golden Wood
BirthUncertain, see below
DeathDid not die; sailed West in the early Fourth Age
Family
ParentageUncertain, see below
SpouseGaladriel
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorSilver, long[1]

Celeborn (S: "silver-tall", pron. [ˈkeleborn]) was a noble of the Sindar, who wedded the famous Galadriel of the Noldor and eventually became Lord of Lórien.

Contents

History

Early life

Celeborn was a Sindarin prince from Doriath, the grandson of Elmo (the brother of Elwe/Thingol)[2] There has been many debates about his origins and early life. See Controversy.

First Age

Love at First Sight by Līga Kļaviņa

In the early Years of the Sun Finrod and Galadriel came to Doriath as guests of Elu Thingol, the King of Doriath. There Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love and were wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after Finrod went to the Caverns of Narog to establish the stronghold of Nargothrond. [2]

For the rest of the First Age Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin did. The only thing that can be said for sure, is that the couple survived the Wars of Beleriand, including the Sack of Doriath by the Sons of Feanor[3]. They may have escaped to the Havens or the Isle of Balar.

Second Age

After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn and Galadriel came to Lindon the coastal region west of the Blue Mountains. Celeborn ruled the fief of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar, under the High King Gil-galad.[4] They eventually came to Eregion where they dwelt for a time with Celebrimbor and the jewelsmiths of Gwaith-i-Mírdain. After Celebrimbor had largely taken over, they made contact with the Nandor of Lórinand, across the Hithaeglir. Not long after they went through Khazad-dûm to live there, becoming great among its people.

Third Age

After the Sack of Eregion, Celeborn and Galadriel came to Lórinand, the land of Silvan Elves on the eastern side of the Misty Mountains which was ruled by King Amdir. When Amdir died in the Battle of Dagorlad, his son Amroth succeeded him. In early Third Age Amroth was weary of Middle-earth and wished to sail to the West. He departed to Edhellond and by the year T.A. 1981. King Amroth drowned in the Bay of Belfalas. Celeborn and Galadriel took the title Lord and Lady of Lothlórien, the Sindarin name for Lórinand and together they built Caras Galadhon.

Celeborn and Galadriel produced a daughter named Celebrían, who later married Elrond Half-elven of Rivendell, thus making Celeborn and her wife Galadriel the grandparents of the twins Elladan and Elrohir and their younger sister Arwen Undómiel. Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.

Galadriel and Celeborn as drawn by Rowena Morrill.

In response to the growing threat of Dol Guldur, the White Council was formed in T.A. 2463. Galadriel was on it; it is likely that Celeborn was also a member. Some time after, during the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019, Lórien received the Fellowship of the Ring, composed of various travelers on the quest to destroy the One Ring. He offered advice, and boats for the Anduin, speeding them on their way.

Celeborn's most significant recorded actions came in the year following, when he repulsed three attacks by orcs of Dol Guldur. Celeborn then marshalled his forces to cross the Anduin and lay siege to Dol Guldur. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified it.

After the War of the Ring

Celeborn attended the wedding of King Elessar and his granddaughter Arwen, and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to Treebeard as well.

"I do not think we shall meet again."
"I do not know, Eldest.
"
Treebeard and Celeborn, Many Partings.

Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of Nenya was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. Galadriel shortly after passed West with the other Ring-bearers, and Celeborn, weary, moved to Imladris to live with Elladan and Elrohir, Elrond’s sons. After Círdan's departure Celeborn was the last of the Wise in Middle-earth, they that had seen the glory of Valinor and the struggles of Elvenkind. It is not recorded when he sought the Grey Havens and sailed west, but when he did so he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth7.

Character

What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against Dol Guldur and other menaces. He is constantly shown deferring to his wife; sometimes for good[5], sometimes for ill[6].

Other Versions of the Legendarium

According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn was a Teler of noble rank in Alqualondë, born Teleporno, grandson of Olwë, King of the Falmari.[6][7]

Artanis, Olwë's granddaughter and a Noldorin princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet Alatáriel, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".[7] Teleporno's name gained an additional Quenya form, Telporno (pron. [telˈporno]).

Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the First Kinslaying. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of Fëanor of the open lands across the sea. She urged Teleporno to take a ship westward to Endor, and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the Ban of the Valar.

In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by Elu Thingol, High King of the Sindar and Lord of Doriath. The two gave him news of his old brothers and friends, Olwë and Finwë, but they said nothing about the kinslaying. Teleporno eventually Sindarinized his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.

Celeborn fought in the Sack of Eregion, and he and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded Rivendell. After the making of the rings and the Sack of Eregion, Galadriel received one of the Three Rings, Nenya. After Amdír, King of Lórinand, died, so fell also Sauron, and the One Ring was lost. So Galadriel was able to put her ring to use, and made Lórinand even more beautiful and powerful.

Controversy

Up to the time when The Lord of the Rings was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. Tolkien later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person, mostly overshadowed by his wife.

Robert Foster mentions that although Celeborn is famed and named "the Wise", "he does not seem especially bright" in The Lord of the Rings[8].

In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn), the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol, and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. This was the approach chosen by Christopher Tolkien and Guy Kay for The Silmarillion. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn is made Thingol’s grandnephew, by the King’s brother Elmo. Elmo, also linked to Círdan, appears nowhere else in the legendarium.

A Sindarin origin as Elmo's grandson has been the most widely accepted one of all but Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development, and there is some dispute as to which is the more canonical.

In Tolkien's last writings Celeborn is a Falmarin Elf from Valinor, then named Teleporno in Telerin (this brings him closer to being a peer and equal to Galadriel and makes their partnership seem more balanced).[9] The name Teleporno was then "Sindarized" as Celeborn. In this account Celeborn is stated to have been a grandson of the Telerin king Olwë, so that he still was a kinsman of the Sindarin king Thingol.[6]

This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it would have necessitated a major rewrite of the earlier parts to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.

“On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings” - Christopher Tolkien, Unfinished Tales

A further problem was that this descent would have made the couple first or second cousin (assuming that he was still to be considered closely related to Thingol), and Elves never married close kin.

Etymology

Celeborn is a Sindarin name, consisting of celeb ("silver") + a derivative of ornā ("tall"). Teleporno, his original Telerin name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as Celeborn: Telerin telpe ("silver") (Quenya tyelpe) was transformed to Sindarin celeb.[10]

He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in The Lord of the Rings.

Portrayal in adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings:

Celeborn did not have a speaking role. He only appeared beside Galadriel for a brief shot.

1981: The Lord of the Rings

Celeborn was voiced by Simon Cadell.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn is played by Marton Csokas. The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien. Notably, he gives Aragorn a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the Anduin.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in Caras Galadhon. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against Dol Guldur in Mirkwood.

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  5. The Lord of the Rings
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  8. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Celeborn"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", pp. 347, 364 (note 46)
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel"