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*{{WP|Celtic languages}}
*{{WP|Celtic languages}}
*''[ How much was Tolkien influenced by Irish mythology?]'' by [[Michael Martinez]]
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[[Category:languages (real-world)]]

Revision as of 01:14, 24 November 2012

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
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Celtic refers either to the Celtic languages, including Breton, Cornish, Gaelic, and Welsh, or to the Celts, an historic group of people.[1]


Celtic influences on the Legendarium


Tolkien claimed knowledge of Celtic languages and legends, however expressed a dislike in Celtic legends and denied that his legendarium is "Celtic"[2]

However, Celtic concepts are present in some views about the Elves (see Elves#Celtic influence).


While several names in Tolkien's legendarium have Germanic and Old English elements, Tolkien mentioned that the survival of traces of the older language of the Stoors and the Bree-men resembled the survival of Celtic elements in England.[3] Tolkien said to the Dutch Translator, Max Schuchart, that there were "'Celtic' elements in Buckland and East-farthing names."[4]

Celtic analogies with peoples are present mostly relating to Pre-Númenóreans, especially Dunland and the Stoor hobbits, which is evident in placenames such as Bree and the personal names of the Bucklanders. According to Paula Marmor, the Celtic elements in Stoorish names represents an earlier language, related to the languages of the Bree-landers.[5]

The majority of Celtic names is seen in the family trees of the Brandybucks. Names such as Rorimac, Dinodas, Gorbadoc, Meriadoc and Marmadoc are Celtic.[6]

Other names having (or have been suggested as having) a Celtic influence include:


  1. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: II. Reader's Guide, pp. 148-52
  2. Humphrey Carpenter J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography p. 26
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  4. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 93
  5. Jim Allan (ed.), An Introduction to Elvish, "An etymological excursion among the Shire folk"
  6. Jim Allan (ed.), An Introduction to Elvish, "Giving of names"

External links