One major Telerin change was that where Primitive Quendian used 'KW', Telerin had evolved it into 'P'. Another significant change was the simplification of palatal 'J' into the vowel 'I'.
The language of the Teleri of Valinor was influenced by and in turn influenced Quenya, and these languages remained very closely related and mutually intelligible.
Other versions of the legendarium
The model of Common Telerin belongs to a newer part of Tolkien's writings. In his personal early unpublished writings like The Etymologies, the only languages which possess the qualities of the Telerin languages are Old Noldorin and Noldorin.
Fans who believe that those early languages are not obsolete in the later continuity, interpret them as dialects of Sindarin and/or Telerin languages in their minds. In that case those "anomalous" words that don't fit Telerin, are "updated" in Neo-Sindarin (for example *pess and *pindor)