Tolkien Gateway

Cows

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{{quote|Back to pasture, back to mead,<br>Where the kine and oxen feed!|''[[Barrels Out of Bond]]''<ref name="BooB">{{HM|H}}, "[[Barrels Out of Bond]]"</ref>}}
'''Cows''' were domestic beasts kept throughout [[Middle-earth]]. The most famous were the eastern variety known as the [[Kine of Araw]].  
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'''Cows''', also known by the archaic plural '''Kine''' and occasionally as '''Oxen''', were pasture animals in [[Middle-earth]].
  
[[Category:Animals]]
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==History==
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Cows were domesticated for farm use in most of [[Middle-earth]]. They produced milk, which was used as a beverage in [[Gondor]],<ref>{{HM|RK}}, "[[The Siege of Gondor]]"</ref> and [[the Shire]].<ref>{{HM|H}}, "[[An Unexpected Party]]"</ref> Being generally stronger than [[horses]], cows also pulled the heavier wagons and wains in Middle-earth.<ref name="MT">{{HM|RK}}, "[[Minas Tirith (chapter)|Minas Tirith]]"</ref>
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Yet still, there were undomesticated oxen. The wild-oxen of the East were, according to legend, descended from the [[Kine of Araw]], the herd of [[Oromë]].<ref name="AA">{{HM|AA}}, "The Realms in Exile"</ref> [[Vorondil the Hunter]] hunted them in the far fields of [[Rhûn]], and of their horns he made the great [[Horn of Gondor]], which served as an heirloom to the House of Stewards until its destruction.<ref name="MT"/>
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==Inspiration==
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Cows are a major source of food even in todays world. Their use as farm animals seems little more than logical. [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] spent most of his life in [[Oxford|'''Ox'''ford]], and cows would also play a role in other stories, such as ''[[Farmer Giles of Ham]]'', where [[the Giant]] steps on [[Farmer Giles]]' favourite cow, [[Galathea]].<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[Tales from the Perilous Realm]]'' (2008 edition), "[[Farmer Giles of Ham]]"</ref>
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==Etymology==
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An "elvish" word for "bull" is ''[[mundo]]''.<ref>[[J.R.R. Tolkien]], [[Humphrey Carpenter]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] (eds.), ''[[The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien]]'', [[Letter 342]] (dated [[November 9]], [[1972]])</ref> This is likely related to the [[root]] ''[[MBUD]]'', which lists among its derivatives a [[Quenya]] word ''mundo'' meaning "snout, nose, cape".<ref>{{HM|LR}}, "[[The Etymologies]]", root [[MBUD]]</ref>
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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'''[[2001]]: ''[[Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
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:A cow can be seen being milked by a Hobbit.<ref>''[[The Fellowship of the Ring Extended Edition|The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring: Special Extended DVD Edition]]'', "[[Concerning Hobbits (scene)|Concerning Hobbits]]"</ref>
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{{references}}

Revision as of 11:20, 31 March 2009

"Back to pasture, back to mead,
Where the kine and oxen feed!
"
Barrels Out of Bond[1]

Cows, also known by the archaic plural Kine and occasionally as Oxen, were pasture animals in Middle-earth.

Contents

History

Cows were domesticated for farm use in most of Middle-earth. They produced milk, which was used as a beverage in Gondor,[2] and the Shire.[3] Being generally stronger than horses, cows also pulled the heavier wagons and wains in Middle-earth.[4]

Yet still, there were undomesticated oxen. The wild-oxen of the East were, according to legend, descended from the Kine of Araw, the herd of Oromë.[5] Vorondil the Hunter hunted them in the far fields of Rhûn, and of their horns he made the great Horn of Gondor, which served as an heirloom to the House of Stewards until its destruction.[4]

Inspiration

Cows are a major source of food even in todays world. Their use as farm animals seems little more than logical. J.R.R. Tolkien spent most of his life in Oxford, and cows would also play a role in other stories, such as Farmer Giles of Ham, where the Giant steps on Farmer Giles' favourite cow, Galathea.[6]

Etymology

An "elvish" word for "bull" is mundo.[7] This is likely related to the root MBUD, which lists among its derivatives a Quenya word mundo meaning "snout, nose, cape".[8]

Portrayal in adaptations

2001: Peter Jackson's The Fellowship of the Ring:

A cow can be seen being milked by a Hobbit.[9]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Barrels Out of Bond"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Siege of Gondor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Realms in Exile"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Tales from the Perilous Realm (2008 edition), "Farmer Giles of Ham"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 342 (dated November 9, 1972)
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "The Etymologies", root MBUD
  9. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring: Special Extended DVD Edition, "Concerning Hobbits"