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Dagor Bragollach

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{| border="1" cellpadding="4" style="float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 300px; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; background-color:#F9EBD1;"
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{{sources}}
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{{battle
!colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background:#960018; color: #f9f9f9;"|'''Dagor Bragollach'''
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| name=''Dagor Bragollach''
|-
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| image=[[File:John Howe - Fingolfin's Challenge.jpg|300px]]
|colspan="2" style="font-size: 90%; text-align: center; padding:0;"|
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| conflict=[[Wars of Beleriand]]
|-
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| date={{FA|455}}<ref>{{S|F18}}</ref>
| colspan="2" |<small>'''Conflict''': [[War of the Jewels]]</small>
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| place=Northern [[Beleriand]]/[[Anfauglith]]
|-
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| result=Decisive Victory for Morgoth, breaking of the [[Siege of Angband]], destruction of [[Dorthonion]], loss of key fortresses and passes, burning of Ard-galen, death of Fingolfin
| colspan="2" |<small>'''Date''': 455F.A.</small>
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| side1=The [[Noldor]], The [[Edain]] (especially the [[House of Bëor]])
|-
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| side2=[[Orcs|Orc]] armies, [[Glaurung]], [[Gothmog (balrog)|Gothmog]]
| colspan="2" |<small>'''Place''': Northern [[Beleriand]]/[[Anfauglith]]</small>
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| commanders1=
|-
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{{Fingolfin blazon|died}}
| colspan="2" |<small>'''Outcome''': Breaking of the [[Siege of Angband]], destruction of [[Dorthonion]] and the taking of key fotresses and passes by Morgoth's armies</small>
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{{Maedhros blazon}}
|-
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{{Finrod blazon}}
!colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #960018; color: #f9f9f9;"|Combatants
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* [[Angrod]] †  
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* [[Aegnor]]
|width="50%"| <center><small>
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* [[Bregolas]] †
The [[Ñoldor]], The [[Edain]] (especially the [[House of Bëor]])
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</small></center>
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|width="50%"| <center><small>
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Angband
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</small></center>
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|-
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!colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background:#960018; color: #f9f9f9;"|Commanders
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|-
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|width="50%" | <small>
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* [[Fingolfin]]
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* [[Maedhros]]
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* [[Angrod]]† & [[Aegnor]]†
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* [[Finrod]]
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* [[Bregolas]]†
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* [[Barahir]]
 
* [[Barahir]]
* [[Hador Lórindol]]†
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* [[Hador|Hador Lórindol]] †
 
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| commanders2=
</small>
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{{Morgoth blazon}}
|width="50%" | <small>
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* [[Gothmog (balrog)|Gothmog]]
* [[Gothmog]]
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* [[Glaurung]]
 
* [[Glaurung]]
</small>
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| forces1=Forces besieging Angband, garrisons of several strongholds including [[Himring]], [[Barad Eithel]], [[Nargothrond]] and [[Tol Sirion]], Men of the House of Bëor and [[Dor-lómin]]
|-
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| forces2=[[Balrogs]], uncounted [[Orcs]], [[Trolls]], other creatures 
!colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background:#960018; color: #f9f9f9"|Strength
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| casual1=Severe for both Elves and Men, including the virtual destruction of the House of Bëor
|-
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| casual2=Light
|width="50%" | <small>
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}}
The forces of the Ñoldor were made up of those besieging Angband as well as the forces of several strongholds including [[Himring]], [[Barad Eithel]], [[Nargothrond]] and [[Tol Sirion]]. These were supplemented by the men of the House of Bëor and of [[Dor-lómin]]  
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</small>
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|width="50%" | <small>
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[[Balrogs]], uncounted [[orcs]]. One can reasonably assume these were accompanied by other creatures in Morgoth's service such as [[trolls]]  
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</small>
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|-
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!colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background:#960018; color: #f9f9f9"|Casualties
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|-
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|width="50%" | <small>
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Heavy for both elves and men, including the practical destruction of the House of Bëor
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</small>
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|width="50%" | <small>
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Not mentioned but minor compared to those of the Noldor and their allies
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</small>
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|}<{{Pronounce|Dagor Bragollach.mp3|Ardamir}}
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The '''Dagor Bragollach''' ([[Sindarin]] for '''"Battle of Sudden Flame"''') was the fourth battle of the Wars of [[Beleriand]].
 
The '''Dagor Bragollach''' ([[Sindarin]] for '''"Battle of Sudden Flame"''') was the fourth battle of the Wars of [[Beleriand]].
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== The Battle Opens ==
  
 
It began when [[Morgoth]] broke the [[Siege of Angband]], which had held for four hundred years. On a winter's night, Morgoth sent out rivers of flame, consuming [[Ard-galen]], which was renamed [[Anfauglith]]. Many elves perished as they fled from these flames, from the fire and the smoke. His armies of [[Balrogs]] and [[Orcs]], led by [[Glaurung]] first of the [[Urulóki]], overran the highlands of [[Dorthonion]], and slew [[Angrod]] and [[Aegnor]]. [[Maglor]]'s horsemen were burnt alive on the plain of [[Lothlann]], and [[Maglor's Gap]] was taken, giving Morgoth an entry into Beleriand itself. Maglor retreated with heavy losses to [[Himring]], where he helped defend the city of [[Maedhros]].
 
It began when [[Morgoth]] broke the [[Siege of Angband]], which had held for four hundred years. On a winter's night, Morgoth sent out rivers of flame, consuming [[Ard-galen]], which was renamed [[Anfauglith]]. Many elves perished as they fled from these flames, from the fire and the smoke. His armies of [[Balrogs]] and [[Orcs]], led by [[Glaurung]] first of the [[Urulóki]], overran the highlands of [[Dorthonion]], and slew [[Angrod]] and [[Aegnor]]. [[Maglor]]'s horsemen were burnt alive on the plain of [[Lothlann]], and [[Maglor's Gap]] was taken, giving Morgoth an entry into Beleriand itself. Maglor retreated with heavy losses to [[Himring]], where he helped defend the city of [[Maedhros]].
  
The [[Pass of Aglon]] was also breached, and [[Celegorm]] and [[Curufin]] fled north of [[Doriath]] to [[Nargothrond]]. Morgoth's Orcs took the mountain forsts of [[Mount Rerir]], and defiled [[Helevorn|Lake Helevorn]], scattering south through [[Thargelion]] into [[East Beleriand]]. [[Caranthir]] fled to [[Amon Ereb]], where he and [[Amrod]] built defenses. From there they slowly freed East Beleriand of the Orcs, while Maglor and Maedhros held the northern border.
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== East Beleriand Overrun ==
  
[[Minas Tirith in Beleriand|Minas Tirith]] in the [[Pass of Sirion]] in the West under [[Orodreth of Nargothrond|Orodreth]] held, and Orodreth's uncle and Lord [[Finrod Felagund]] came north from [[Nargothrond]] with a large army. However, they were ambushed by a large army of Morgoth's forces at the Fen of Serech. The Noldor now found themselves trapped, and Finrod would have been killed but for a sortie by [[Barahir son of Bregor|Barahir]], who descended from [[Dorthonion]] and rescued the [[Elves|Elven]] lord. It was this deed which later earned Barahir the ring of Finrod which would become known as the [[Ring of Barahir]].
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The [[Pass of Aglon]] was also breached, and [[Celegorm]] and [[Curufin]] fled south of [[Doriath]] to [[Nargothrond]]. Morgoth's Orcs took the mountain forests of [[Mount Rerir]], and defiled [[Helevorn|Lake Helevorn]], ravaging [[Thargelion]] and marching far into [[East Beleriand]], filling the lands of the [[Gelion]] with fire and terror. [[Caranthir]] fled to [[Amon Ereb]], where he and [[Amrod]] built defenses, while Maglor and Maedhros held the northern border. The Orcs did not come into Taur-im-Duinath or Ossiriand.
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[[File:Henning Janssen - Aid on the Fens.jpg|thumb|left|[[Henning Janssen]] - ''Aid on the Fens'']]
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[[Minas Tirith (Beleriand)|Minas Tirith]] in the [[Pass of Sirion]] in the West held under [[Orodreth]], second son of [[Finarfin]] (Elven-king of the [[Noldor]] in [[Aman]]), and Orodreth's eldest brother King [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]] came north from [[Nargothrond]] with a large army. However, they were ambushed by a large army of Morgoth's forces at the [[Fen of Serech]]. [[Gelmir_(son_of_Guilin)|Gelmir]] was lost during that battle.<ref>{{S|20}}</ref> The Noldor now found themselves trapped, and Finrod would have been killed but for a sortie by [[Barahir]], who descended from [[Dorthonion]] and rescued the [[Elves|Elven]] lord. It was this deed which later earned Barahir the ring of Finrod which would become known as the [[Ring of Barahir]].
  
 
Finrod and his folk fled south to Nargothrond, while Barahir continued defending Dorthonion. The mountain forts of the [[Ered Wethrin]] around [[Hithlum]] also held, although barely.
 
Finrod and his folk fled south to Nargothrond, while Barahir continued defending Dorthonion. The mountain forts of the [[Ered Wethrin]] around [[Hithlum]] also held, although barely.
  
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== The Battle Ends: Fingolfin's Duel ==
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[[Image:Ted_Nasmith_-_Fingolfin's_Wrath.jpg|thumb|[[Ted Nasmith]] - ''Fingolfin's Wrath'']]
 
Thus the Siege was broken, the [[Sons of Fëanor]] scattered, and the forces of Morgoth roamed at will throughout the north.
 
Thus the Siege was broken, the [[Sons of Fëanor]] scattered, and the forces of Morgoth roamed at will throughout the north.
  
When [[Fingolfin]], the High King of the Noldor, learned of the heavy casualties of so many Noldor, he rode in anger across the dust of Anfauglith and challenged Morgoth to single combat. At the doors of [[Angband]] itself, they fought a great duel. Fingolfin's sword, [[Ringil]], wounded Morgoth seven times. Yet, he was felled by Morgoth's hammer, Grond, and slain by Morgoth's mighty foot.
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When [[Fingolfin]], the High King of the Noldor, learned of the losses of so many Noldor, he rode in anger across the dust of Anfauglith and challenged Morgoth to single combat. At the doors of [[Angband]] itself, they fought a great duel. Fingolfin's sword, [[Ringil]], wounded Morgoth seven times. Yet, he was felled by Morgoth's hammer, Grond, and slain by Morgoth's mighty foot.
  
{{warsofbeleriand}}
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The folk of [[Barahir]] fought foot by foot for their lands, refusing to retreat from the attacking forces, and Morgoth relentlessly pursued them to the death until very few remained. So great was his wrath against them that [[Dorthonion]] was turned into a twisted land of dread and such dark enchantment that even Orcs would not enter it unless need drove them.
  
[[Category:Battles]]
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Despite Morgoth's crushing victory, his foes soon regrouped, and in several areas formed strongholds and defensive positions against his Orcs. This, along with the theft of a Silmaril from Morgoth by Lúthien, renewed the morale of the folk of the West, leading to the creation of the [[Union of Maedhros]], a final alliance of Men and Elves bent on removing Morgoth from Arda once and for all. Their efforts would not be successful however in this coming fight, the [[Nirnaeth Arnoediad]].
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==Etymology==
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{{Pronounce|Dagor Bragollach.mp3|Ardamir}}
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The name means "Battle of the Sudden Flame" in [[Sindarin]].
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==See also==
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* [[:Category:Images of Dagor Bragollach|Images of Dagor Bragollach]]
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{{references}}
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{{warsofbeleriand}}
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
 
[[Category:Pronounced articles]]
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[[Category:Conflicts of the First Age]]
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[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
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[[de:Dagor Bragollach]]
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[[fr:encyclo:evenements:1a:guerres:dagor_bragollach]]
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[[fi:Dagor Bragollach]]

Latest revision as of 20:43, 23 March 2017

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Dagor Bragollach
John Howe - Fingolfin's Challenge.jpg
Conflict: Wars of Beleriand
Date: F.A. 455[1]
Place: Northern Beleriand/Anfauglith
Outcome: Decisive Victory for Morgoth, breaking of the Siege of Angband, destruction of Dorthonion, loss of key fortresses and passes, burning of Ard-galen, death of Fingolfin
Combatants

The Noldor, The Edain (especially the House of Bëor)

Orc armies, Glaurung, Gothmog

Commanders

Måns Björkman - Fingolfin device.gifFingolfinMåns Björkman - Fëanor device.gifMaedhros Måns Björkman - Finrod device.gifFinrod

Måns Björkman - Morgoth design.pngMorgoth

Strength

Forces besieging Angband, garrisons of several strongholds including Himring, Barad Eithel, Nargothrond and Tol Sirion, Men of the House of Bëor and Dor-lómin

Balrogs, uncounted Orcs, Trolls, other creatures

Casualties

Severe for both Elves and Men, including the virtual destruction of the House of Bëor

Light

The Dagor Bragollach (Sindarin for "Battle of Sudden Flame") was the fourth battle of the Wars of Beleriand.

Contents

[edit] The Battle Opens

It began when Morgoth broke the Siege of Angband, which had held for four hundred years. On a winter's night, Morgoth sent out rivers of flame, consuming Ard-galen, which was renamed Anfauglith. Many elves perished as they fled from these flames, from the fire and the smoke. His armies of Balrogs and Orcs, led by Glaurung first of the Urulóki, overran the highlands of Dorthonion, and slew Angrod and Aegnor. Maglor's horsemen were burnt alive on the plain of Lothlann, and Maglor's Gap was taken, giving Morgoth an entry into Beleriand itself. Maglor retreated with heavy losses to Himring, where he helped defend the city of Maedhros.

[edit] East Beleriand Overrun

The Pass of Aglon was also breached, and Celegorm and Curufin fled south of Doriath to Nargothrond. Morgoth's Orcs took the mountain forests of Mount Rerir, and defiled Lake Helevorn, ravaging Thargelion and marching far into East Beleriand, filling the lands of the Gelion with fire and terror. Caranthir fled to Amon Ereb, where he and Amrod built defenses, while Maglor and Maedhros held the northern border. The Orcs did not come into Taur-im-Duinath or Ossiriand.

Henning Janssen - Aid on the Fens

Minas Tirith in the Pass of Sirion in the West held under Orodreth, second son of Finarfin (Elven-king of the Noldor in Aman), and Orodreth's eldest brother King Finrod Felagund came north from Nargothrond with a large army. However, they were ambushed by a large army of Morgoth's forces at the Fen of Serech. Gelmir was lost during that battle.[2] The Noldor now found themselves trapped, and Finrod would have been killed but for a sortie by Barahir, who descended from Dorthonion and rescued the Elven lord. It was this deed which later earned Barahir the ring of Finrod which would become known as the Ring of Barahir.

Finrod and his folk fled south to Nargothrond, while Barahir continued defending Dorthonion. The mountain forts of the Ered Wethrin around Hithlum also held, although barely.

[edit] The Battle Ends: Fingolfin's Duel

Ted Nasmith - Fingolfin's Wrath

Thus the Siege was broken, the Sons of Fëanor scattered, and the forces of Morgoth roamed at will throughout the north.

When Fingolfin, the High King of the Noldor, learned of the losses of so many Noldor, he rode in anger across the dust of Anfauglith and challenged Morgoth to single combat. At the doors of Angband itself, they fought a great duel. Fingolfin's sword, Ringil, wounded Morgoth seven times. Yet, he was felled by Morgoth's hammer, Grond, and slain by Morgoth's mighty foot.

The folk of Barahir fought foot by foot for their lands, refusing to retreat from the attacking forces, and Morgoth relentlessly pursued them to the death until very few remained. So great was his wrath against them that Dorthonion was turned into a twisted land of dread and such dark enchantment that even Orcs would not enter it unless need drove them.

Despite Morgoth's crushing victory, his foes soon regrouped, and in several areas formed strongholds and defensive positions against his Orcs. This, along with the theft of a Silmaril from Morgoth by Lúthien, renewed the morale of the folk of the West, leading to the creation of the Union of Maedhros, a final alliance of Men and Elves bent on removing Morgoth from Arda once and for all. Their efforts would not be successful however in this coming fight, the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.

[edit] Etymology

The name means "Battle of the Sudden Flame" in Sindarin.

[edit] See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"


Wars of Beleriand
First Battle · Dagor-nuin-Giliath · Dagor Aglareb · Dagor Bragollach · Nirnaeth Arnoediad · War of Wrath