Tolkien Gateway

Dan Smith

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(Keymapping)
(Keymapping)
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==Keymapping==
 
==Keymapping==
Dan Smith had to devise a layout to fit the tengwar into the keyboard. He decided to divide it into [[tyeller|rows]] and [[témar|series]] as appear in the tengwar table of [[Appendix E]]. That way for example, the first 4 Tengwar that consist the Row I ([[Tinco]], [[Parma]], [[Calma]], [[Quessë]]) are assigned to the leftmost keys of the keyboard ('''1''', '''q''', '''a''' and '''z'''). The next 4 keys correspond to the Row II and so on.
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Dan Smith had to devise a layout to fit the tengwar into the keyboard which was subsequently adopted by other fontmakers ever since, maintaining thus some unofficial de facto "standard", and compatibility with each other.  
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Dan Smith's idea was to divide the keys into [[tyeller|rows]] and [[témar|series]] as appear in the tengwar table of [[Appendix E]]. That way for example, the first 4 Tengwar that consist the Row I ([[Tinco]], [[Parma]], [[Calma]], [[Quessë]]) are assigned to the leftmost keys of the keyboard ('''1''', '''q''', '''a''' and '''z'''). The next 4 keys correspond to the Row II and so on.
  
 
The uppercase letters are used for the [[tehtar]] and alternative forms. Extended characters correspond to Tengwar numerals, punctuation marks and less common tehtar or letters.
 
The uppercase letters are used for the [[tehtar]] and alternative forms. Extended characters correspond to Tengwar numerals, punctuation marks and less common tehtar or letters.
  
This system has been adopted as an unofficial de facto standard by other font makers for their tengwar fonts (for example Parmaite, Formal, Cursive, Elfica, Annatar, Hereno and possibly others), therefore maintaining compatibility with its other. Also, there has been some software that help transcribe a Roman text to this keymapping.
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Tengwar fonts that follow Smith's keymapping have been Parmaite, Formal, Cursive, Elfica, Annatar, Hereno and possibly others, therefore being mutually compatible, excepting some minor differences. Also, there has been some software that help transcribe a Roman text to tengwar fonts that follow this keymapping.
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 18:43, 14 February 2009

Daniel Steven Smith is a programmer and science fiction hobbyist who maintains a "Fantasy Fonts for Windows" website.

In 1997 he created Tengwar fonts, the first being titled "Tengwar Quenya" and "Tengwar Sindarin". Since then he created other variants (ornamental/capital tengwar shapes etc) and Cirth fonts as well as historical Rune fonts as the ones seen in The Hobbit.

His website contains descriptions of the best known Tengwar modes and have been a usual reference point.

Creations

  • Tengwar Quenya (regular, capitals, doubled-stroked capitals, and alternate)
  • Tengwar Sindarin (regular, capitals, doubled-stroked capitals, and alternate)
  • Tengwar Noldor (regular, capitals, doubled-stroked capitals, and alternate)
  • Cirth Erebor (regular, barred and double-barred)
  • Cirth Erebor Capital (regular, doubled-stroked and pointed)
  • Germanic Rune fonts (reg, 1-bar, & 2-bars)
  • AngloSaxon Rune fonts (reg, 1-bar, & 2-bars)
  • Dwarvish Rune fonts (reg, 1-bar, & 2-bars)

Note that the tengwar fonts differ only visually or stylistically (they all utilize the same keymapping) and are not language specific. The names "Quenya" and "Sindarin" are used only as their titles and have nothing to do with the languages themselves.

Keymapping

Dan Smith had to devise a layout to fit the tengwar into the keyboard which was subsequently adopted by other fontmakers ever since, maintaining thus some unofficial de facto "standard", and compatibility with each other.

Dan Smith's idea was to divide the keys into rows and series as appear in the tengwar table of Appendix E. That way for example, the first 4 Tengwar that consist the Row I (Tinco, Parma, Calma, Quessë) are assigned to the leftmost keys of the keyboard (1, q, a and z). The next 4 keys correspond to the Row II and so on.

The uppercase letters are used for the tehtar and alternative forms. Extended characters correspond to Tengwar numerals, punctuation marks and less common tehtar or letters.

Tengwar fonts that follow Smith's keymapping have been Parmaite, Formal, Cursive, Elfica, Annatar, Hereno and possibly others, therefore being mutually compatible, excepting some minor differences. Also, there has been some software that help transcribe a Roman text to tengwar fonts that follow this keymapping.

External links