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Daur

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(Daur in the Song of Praise)
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It has been suggested that ''daur'' is the [[lenition|lenited]] form of ''[[taur#Noldorin|taur]]'' ("lofty, noble" or "king"),<ref>[[Didier Willis]], [http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/online/english.html Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary] at [http://www.jrrvf.com/haut.shtml Jrrvf.com] (accessed 19 June 2011)</ref><ref>[[Helge Fauskanger]], [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm Sindarin, the Noble Tongue: I. Soft Mutation] at [[Ardalambion]] (accessed 9 July 2011)</ref>, however the reliability of this speculation has been contested as the syntax of the phrase does not seem to require lenition.<ref>Alfred W. Tueting, "[http://www.fa-kuan.muc.de/SINDARIN.RXML Some Questions on Sindarin Lenition]" (accessed 9 July 2011)</ref>
 
It has been suggested that ''daur'' is the [[lenition|lenited]] form of ''[[taur#Noldorin|taur]]'' ("lofty, noble" or "king"),<ref>[[Didier Willis]], [http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/online/english.html Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary] at [http://www.jrrvf.com/haut.shtml Jrrvf.com] (accessed 19 June 2011)</ref><ref>[[Helge Fauskanger]], [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm Sindarin, the Noble Tongue: I. Soft Mutation] at [[Ardalambion]] (accessed 9 July 2011)</ref>, however the reliability of this speculation has been contested as the syntax of the phrase does not seem to require lenition.<ref>Alfred W. Tueting, "[http://www.fa-kuan.muc.de/SINDARIN.RXML Some Questions on Sindarin Lenition]" (accessed 9 July 2011)</ref>
  
The exact meaning and etymology of ''Daur'' as Frodo's name can only be speculated.
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When analyzing the song of praise, Tolkien derived ''Daur'' from ''dāra'' "wise" with a [[Quenya]] form ''tāra''. This replaces an earlier version from ''ndāra'' with [[Quenya]] ''nāra''. He also queried the possibility of ''daur'' coming from lenition of base ''t''.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 102</ref>
  
 
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[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
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[[Category:measures]]
 
[[de:Wegstunde]]
 
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[[fi:Daur (pituusmitta)]]
 
[[fi:Daur (pituusmitta)]]

Latest revision as of 22:31, 16 April 2017


daur means "a stop or pause" in Sindarin.[1]

The word also referred to a Númenórean linear measure equivalent to 5000 rangar.[2] (See lár for more details.)

[edit] Cognates

[edit] See also

[edit] Daur in the Song of Praise

The Sindarin word Daur appears in the song of praise of Frodo and Sam at the Field of Cormallen.[3][4]

It has been suggested that daur is the lenited form of taur ("lofty, noble" or "king"),[5][6], however the reliability of this speculation has been contested as the syntax of the phrase does not seem to require lenition.[7]

When analyzing the song of praise, Tolkien derived Daur from dāra "wise" with a Quenya form tāra. This replaces an earlier version from ndāra with Quenya nāra. He also queried the possibility of daur coming from lenition of base t.[8]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 9
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 230, (dated 8 June 1961), p. 308
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  5. Didier Willis, Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary at Jrrvf.com (accessed 19 June 2011)
  6. Helge Fauskanger, Sindarin, the Noble Tongue: I. Soft Mutation at Ardalambion (accessed 9 July 2011)
  7. Alfred W. Tueting, "Some Questions on Sindarin Lenition" (accessed 9 July 2011)
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 102