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Dol Amroth

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'''Dol Amroth''' was a princedom which formed part of the Kingdom of [[Gondor]].
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{{disambig-more|Amroth|[[Amroth (disambiguation)]]}}
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{{location
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| image=[[Image:Jan Pospisil - Dol Amroth.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Dol Amroth
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| othernames=
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| etymology=[[Sindarin|S.]] ''[[dol]]'' "hill" + ''[[Amroth]]'' "Upclimber"
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| type=Promontory, castle, and city
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| location=[[Belfalas]]
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| inhabitants=[[Men]]
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| realms=[[Gondor]]<br/>[[Reunited Kingdom]]
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| description=
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| events=
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| references=
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}}
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'''Dol Amroth''' was a promontory situated on a peninsula in [[Gondor]] facing the [[Bay of Belfalas]].  
  
The first Lord of Dol Amroth was Galador, son of Imrazôr the [[Númenórean]]. Imrazôr was the son of Adrahil I, who was already known as the Prince, and lived in [[Belfalas]]. At some point Imrazôr moved to the area where once was the elven haven of [[Edhellond]]. According to tradition, there he married [[Mithrellas]], a [[Silvan Elves|Silvan Elf]] of [[Lórien]] who had accompanied [[Nimrodel]], the beloved of Lórien's king [[Amroth]], on her journey towards Edhellond, but had become lost along with her mistress. Therefore Galador and his descendants had claim to Elven blood.
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The emblem of the Prince of Dol Amroth was a silver-upon-blue banner, bearing a ship with a swan-prow upon the sea.<ref>{{RK|VI4}}</ref>
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==Description==
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Its northern shore defined part of [[Cobas Haven]], the small bay into which the [[Morthond]] River flowed.<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>  Upon the headland the [[Princes of Dol Amroth]] established a castle and thus Dol Amroth referred to this stronghold and to the neighboring port-city, the chief city of the fief of [[Belfalas]].<ref name="Minas Tirith">{{RK|V1}}</ref>  Within the walls of the city was the Sea-ward Tower or [[Tirith Aear]], <ref>{{ATB|Preface}}</ref> which had a bell that was rung for the benefit of mariners.<ref>{{ATB|6}}</ref>
  
After Imrazôr's death (Mithrellas' fate is nowhere described, only that she eventually left Imrazôr and Galador), Galador went on to found the city and later the princedom of Dol Amroth. He is counted as its first Lord. The specific date of its foundation is nowhere recounted.
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==History==
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[[Elves|Elven]] refugees from [[Beleriand]]<ref>{{UT|Amroth}}, p. 247</ref> settled the area and established an Elven settlement about 50 miles north of the promontory, at [[Edhellond]]<ref>{{UT|Galadriel}}, note 18, p. 255</ref>
  
The city of Dol Amroth was built south of Edhellond at the inlet of Cobas Haven in the [[Bay of Belfalas]]. In the north of the city was built the Sea-ward Tower of Tirith Aear.
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During the [[Second Age]], a [[Numenorean]] family of the [[Faithful]] settled near the Elves. [[Elendil]] who was of their kin, gave them title to rule the fief of [[Belfalas]]. They built their stronghold upon the promontory.
  
The lands of Dol Amroth were also known as '''''Dor-en-Ernil''''', or "Lands of the Prince": initially this name was applied to the area of Belfalas where Adrahil I and Imrazôr lived, but after Galador it was also applied to the area of Dol Amroth itself.
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According to one story, [[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]] dwelt among the Elves of Dol Amroth.<ref>{{UT|Concerning}}, p. 240</ref> When the Elvish king [[Amroth]] was lost at sea in {{TA|1981}} the last of these Elves left the realm<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref> which from then on became a realm of [[Men]].  
  
Here follows a list of the line of Princes. All dates are [[Third Age]], but many names are not known, only dates of birth and death.
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It was from the name of this king that Dol Amroth (the "Hill of Amroth") took its name. The first Prince of Dol Amroth was [[Galador]], the son of [[Imrazôr]], who according to legend married the Elven-lady [[Mithrellas]].<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, Note 39, p. 316</ref>
  
*''[[Adrahil I]]'', Prince of Dor-en-Ernil: fought the [[Wainriders]] in 1944
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Being a coastal city, Dol Amroth was subject to occasional attacks by the [[Corsairs of Umbar]].  The fifteenth prince was slain in battle against these sea raiders in {{TA|2746}}.<ref>{{PM|Elendil}}, ''The House of Dol Amroth'', p. 222</ref>
*''[[Imrazôr]]'', Prince of Dor-en-Ernil (alive in 1981)
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*''[[Galador]]'', first Prince of Dol Amroth (2004 – 2129)
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*Second Prince of Dol Amroth (2060&ndash;2206)
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*Third Prince of Dol Amroth (2120&ndash;2254)
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*Fourth Prince of Dol Amroth (2172&ndash;2299)
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*Fifth Prince of Dol Amroth (2225&ndash;2348)
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*Sixth Prince of Dol Amroth (2274&ndash;2400)
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*Seventh Prince of Dol Amroth (2324&ndash;2458)
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*Eighth Prince of Dol Amroth (2373&ndash;2498)
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*Ninth Prince of Dol Amroth (2418&ndash;2540)
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*Tenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2463&ndash;2582)
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*Eleventh Prince of Dol Amroth (2505&ndash;2623)
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*Twelth Prince of Dol Amroth (2546&ndash;2660)
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*Thirteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2588&ndash;2701)
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*Fourteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2627&ndash;2733)
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*Fifteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2671 – 2746: He was slain by [[Corsairs of Umbar]])
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*Sixteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2709 – 2799: Slain in battle)
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*Seventeenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2746 – 2859)
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*Eighteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2785 – 2899)
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*''[[Aglahad]]'', Nineteenth Prince of Dol Amroth (2827 – 2932)
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*''[[Angelimir]]'', Twentieth Prince of Dol Amroth (2866 – 2977)
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*''[[Adrahil II]]'', Twenty-first Prince of Dol Amroth (2917 – 3010)
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*''[[Imrahil]]'', Twenty-second Prince of Dol Amroth (2955 – [[Fourth Age]] 34)
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*''[[Elphir]]'', Twenty-third Prince of Dol Amroth ( – Fourth Age 67)
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*''[[Alphros]]'', Twenty-fourth Prince of Dol Amroth (3017 – Fourth Age 95)
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Imrahil was one of the commanders of the army of Gondor during the [[War of the Ring]], and for a while commanded the city of [[Minas Tirith in Gondor|Minas Tirith]]. After the War he went back to Dol Amroth, remaining a councellor to King [[Aragorn II|Elessar]]. He was succeeded by his son Elphir.
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Imrahil's sister [[Finduilas of Dol Amroth|Finduilas]] married [[Denethor II]], [[Steward of Gondor]] and was the mother of [[Boromir]] and [[Faramir]].
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In all there were twenty-one Princes of Dol Amroth before the twenty-second, [[Imrahil]], led a company of knights and a contingent of 700 men from the city to [[Minas Tirith]] during the [[War of the Ring]].<ref name="Minas Tirith"/>
[[Lothíriel]], daughter of Imrahil, married [[Éomer]], King of [[Rohan]].
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==Population==
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The first settlers of the area were [[Sindar]] from Beleriand until [[Faithful]] from [[Numenor]] came to the promonitory. The last Elves left in TA 1981.
  
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The people of Dol Amroth were tall, grey-eyed, and dark-haired.<ref name="Minas Tirith"/>  They were famous as the most skillful harp players in all of Gondor, who played at the coronation of [[Aragorn]].<ref>{{RK|VI5}}</ref>  The inhabitants of Dol Amroth and in the lands nearby were some of the few people of Gondor who spoke [[Sindarin]] on a daily basis.<ref>{{App|Men}}</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Hills]]
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
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[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
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[[de:Dol Amroth]]
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[[fi:Dol Amroth]]
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[[fr:encyclo:geographie:villes_tours_et_forteresses:gondor:dol_amroth]]

Latest revision as of 18:22, 13 June 2012

The name Amroth refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Amroth (disambiguation).
Jan Pospisil - Dol Amroth.jpg
Dol Amroth
Physical Description
TypePromontory, castle, and city
LocationBelfalas
RealmsGondor
Reunited Kingdom
InhabitantsMen
General Information
EtymologyS. dol "hill" + Amroth "Upclimber"

Dol Amroth was a promontory situated on a peninsula in Gondor facing the Bay of Belfalas.

The emblem of the Prince of Dol Amroth was a silver-upon-blue banner, bearing a ship with a swan-prow upon the sea.[1]

Contents

[edit] Description

Its northern shore defined part of Cobas Haven, the small bay into which the Morthond River flowed.[2] Upon the headland the Princes of Dol Amroth established a castle and thus Dol Amroth referred to this stronghold and to the neighboring port-city, the chief city of the fief of Belfalas.[3] Within the walls of the city was the Sea-ward Tower or Tirith Aear, [4] which had a bell that was rung for the benefit of mariners.[5]

[edit] History

Elven refugees from Beleriand[6] settled the area and established an Elven settlement about 50 miles north of the promontory, at Edhellond[7]

During the Second Age, a Numenorean family of the Faithful settled near the Elves. Elendil who was of their kin, gave them title to rule the fief of Belfalas. They built their stronghold upon the promontory.

According to one story, Galadriel and Celeborn dwelt among the Elves of Dol Amroth.[8] When the Elvish king Amroth was lost at sea in T.A. 1981 the last of these Elves left the realm[9] which from then on became a realm of Men.

It was from the name of this king that Dol Amroth (the "Hill of Amroth") took its name. The first Prince of Dol Amroth was Galador, the son of Imrazôr, who according to legend married the Elven-lady Mithrellas.[10]

Being a coastal city, Dol Amroth was subject to occasional attacks by the Corsairs of Umbar. The fifteenth prince was slain in battle against these sea raiders in T.A. 2746.[11]

In all there were twenty-one Princes of Dol Amroth before the twenty-second, Imrahil, led a company of knights and a contingent of 700 men from the city to Minas Tirith during the War of the Ring.[3]

[edit] Population

The first settlers of the area were Sindar from Beleriand until Faithful from Numenor came to the promonitory. The last Elves left in TA 1981.

The people of Dol Amroth were tall, grey-eyed, and dark-haired.[3] They were famous as the most skillful harp players in all of Gondor, who played at the coronation of Aragorn.[12] The inhabitants of Dol Amroth and in the lands nearby were some of the few people of Gondor who spoke Sindarin on a daily basis.[13]


[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, "Preface"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, "The Man in the Moon Came Down Too Soon"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel", p. 247
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", note 18, p. 255
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn", p. 240
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", Note 39, p. 316
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", The House of Dol Amroth, p. 222
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Steward and the King"
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of Men"