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Dol Guldur

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| events=[[Attack on Dol Guldur]], [[Fall of Dol Guldur]]
 
| events=[[Attack on Dol Guldur]], [[Fall of Dol Guldur]]
 
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|}}[[Image:Dolguldur.gif|thumb|235px|right|Dol Guldur Location]]{{Pronounce|Dol Guldur.mp3|Ardamir}}'''Dol Guldur''' ("Hill of Sorcery" in [[Sindarin]])<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>, also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",<ref>{{H|1}}</ref><ref>''"The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory"''. Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.</ref> was a stronghold of [[Sauron]] located in the south of [[Mirkwood]].
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|}}
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[[Image:Dolguldur.gif|thumb|235px|right|Dol Guldur Location]]{{Pronounce|Dol Guldur.mp3|Ardamir}}
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'''Dol Guldur''' ("Hill of Sorcery" in [[Sindarin]])<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>, also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",<ref>{{H|1}}</ref><ref>''"The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory"''. Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.</ref> was a stronghold of [[Sauron]] located in the south of [[Mirkwood]].
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Dol Guldur was established by [[Sauron]] after his return to [[Middle-earth]] somewhere after [[Third Age]] 1000, although his identity was hidden and was known as the [[Necromancer]]. Dol Guldur was originally known as '''Amon Lanc''' ("Bald Hill")<ref>''Unfinished Tales'', "Disaster of the Gladden Fields", p. 280, note 12.</ref>, and had been the capital of [[Oropher]]'s [[Silvan Elves]], who had departed north to the [[Dark Mountains]] (later known as the [[Mountains of Mirkwood]]). After Sauron took over Amon Lanc, [[Thranduil]] son of [[Oropher]] led his people over the [[Forest River]], where they remained.
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Dol Guldur was established by [[Sauron]] after his return to [[Middle-earth]] somewhere after {{TA|1000}}, although his identity was hidden and was known as the [[Necromancer]] (it was in {{TA|1050|n}} that a shadow fell upon [[Greenwood]] and it began to be called [[Mirkwood]]<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>). Dol Guldur was originally known as '''Amon Lanc''' ("Bald Hill")<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 12, p. 280</ref>, and had been the capital of [[Oropher]]'s [[Silvan Elves]], who had departed north to the [[Dark Mountains]]<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 14, p. 280</ref> (later known as the [[Mountains of Mirkwood]]). After Sauron took over Amon Lanc, [[Thranduil]] son of [[Oropher]] led his people over the [[Forest River]], where they remained.<ref>{{UT|6b}}, p. 259</ref>
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The [[Council of the Wise]] long feared the Necromancer might indeed be Sauron, and in {{TA|2063|n}} [[Gandalf]] went to Dol Guldur, and Sauron, not yet powerful, fled to the [[East]]. In {{TA|2460|n}} Sauron returned there, just as [[the One Ring]] was found by [[Sméagol]] the [[Stoors|Stoor]].<ref name="TA"/> However, the Ring disappeared with Sméagol under the [[Misty Mountains]].
  
The [[Council of the Wise]] long feared the Necromancer might indeed be Sauron, and in 2063 [[Gandalf]] went to Dol Guldur, and Sauron, not yet powerful, fled to the [[East]]. In 2460 Sauron returned there, just as [[the One Ring]] was found by [[Sméagol]] the [[Stoors|Stoor]]. However, the Ring disappeared with Sméagol under the [[Misty Mountains]].
+
In {{TA|2510}} when [[Eorl]] the Young was leading his riders to the [[Battle of the Field of Celebrant]] he steered his force westward to avoid the dark shadow and cloud that flowed from Dol Guldur. The riders entered a golden mist that came from [[Lórien]] to the west that contended with the darkness coming from Mirkwood.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}, p. 298</ref>
  
In 2845 [[Thráin II]], King of [[Durin's folk]]-in-exile and holder of the last of the [[Ring of Thrór|Seven Rings]] of the [[Dwarves]], was imprisoned in Dol Guldur's dungeons. In 2850 Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, finding the dying Thráin, and Gandalf was entrusted with the [[Thrór's Map|map]] and key to give to [[Thorin]], although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed Sauron was the master of Dol Guldur at that time.
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In {{TA|2845|n}} [[Thráin II]], King of [[Durin's folk]]-in-exile and holder of the last of the [[Ring of Thrór|Seven Rings]] of the [[Dwarves]], was imprisoned in Dol Guldur's dungeons. In {TA|2850|n}} Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, found the dying Thráin, and Gandalf was entrusted with the [[Thrór's Map|map]] and key to give to [[Thorin]], although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed that Sauron was the master of Dol Guldur at that time.<ref name="TA"/>
  
Gandalf returned to the [[White Council]] and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by [[Saruman]], who had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In 2941 Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as the [[Quest of Erebor]]. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and [[Smaug]] could not assist each other, as otherwise they surely would have done. Sauron fled to [[Mordor]], his plans now ready. Dol Guldur remained staffed by the [[The Mouth of Sauron|lieutenant]] of [[Barad-dûr]].
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Gandalf returned to the [[White Council]] and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by [[Saruman]], who had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In {{TA|2941}} Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as the [[Quest of Erebor]]. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and [[Smaug]] could not assist each other, as otherwise they could easily have done. Sauron fled to [[Mordor]], his plans now ready. Dol Guldur was reoccupied by three of the [[Nazgûl]] in {{TA|2951|n}},<ref name="TA"/> one of whom was [[Khamul]], the second chief.<ref>{{UT|Hunt}}, note 1, p. 352</ref>
  
During the [[War of the Ring]], the forces of Dol Guldur made three assaults upon [[Lothlórien|Lórien]], causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands, but were driven back each time by the power of [[Nenya]] which only Sauron himself could have overcome. Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the [[Elves]] of Lórien, led by [[Galadriel]], after Sauron's fall. Named Amon Lanc once again, it became the capital of [[Celeborn]]'s realm of [[East Lórien]] for a while.
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During the [[War of the Ring]], the forces of Dol Guldur made three assaults upon [[Lothlórien|Lórien]], causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands, but were driven back each time by the power of [[Nenya]] which only Sauron himself could have overcome. Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the [[Elves]] of Lórien, led by [[Galadriel]], after Sauron's fall.<ref>{{App|Great}}</ref>
  
 
==Portrayal in Adaptations==
 
==Portrayal in Adaptations==

Revision as of 19:50, 5 February 2012

This article is about the stronghold in Mirkwood. For the MERP supplement, see Dol Guldur (book).
DolGuldur1024.jpg
Dol Guldur
Physical Description
TypeFortress
LocationSouthern Mirkwood
RealmsDol Guldur, a subpower of Sauron in Mordor
InhabitantsNecromancer and his servants; Khamûl
General Information
EtymologyS. dol "hill" + guldur "sorcery"
EventsAttack on Dol Guldur, Fall of Dol Guldur
Dol Guldur Location

Dol Guldur ("Hill of Sorcery" in Sindarin)[1], also called "the dungeons of the Necromancer",[2][3] was a stronghold of Sauron located in the south of Mirkwood.

Contents

History

Dol Guldur was established by Sauron after his return to Middle-earth somewhere after T.A. 1000, although his identity was hidden and was known as the Necromancer (it was in 1050 that a shadow fell upon Greenwood and it began to be called Mirkwood[4]). Dol Guldur was originally known as Amon Lanc ("Bald Hill")[5], and had been the capital of Oropher's Silvan Elves, who had departed north to the Dark Mountains[6] (later known as the Mountains of Mirkwood). After Sauron took over Amon Lanc, Thranduil son of Oropher led his people over the Forest River, where they remained.[7]

The Council of the Wise long feared the Necromancer might indeed be Sauron, and in 2063 Gandalf went to Dol Guldur, and Sauron, not yet powerful, fled to the East. In 2460 Sauron returned there, just as the One Ring was found by Sméagol the Stoor.[4] However, the Ring disappeared with Sméagol under the Misty Mountains.

In T.A. 2510 when Eorl the Young was leading his riders to the Battle of the Field of Celebrant he steered his force westward to avoid the dark shadow and cloud that flowed from Dol Guldur. The riders entered a golden mist that came from Lórien to the west that contended with the darkness coming from Mirkwood.[8]

In 2845 Thráin II, King of Durin's folk-in-exile and holder of the last of the Seven Rings of the Dwarves, was imprisoned in Dol Guldur's dungeons. In {TA|2850|n}} Gandalf again entered Dol Guldur, found the dying Thráin, and Gandalf was entrusted with the map and key to give to Thorin, although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. Gandalf confirmed that Sauron was the master of Dol Guldur at that time.[4]

Gandalf returned to the White Council and urged an attack on Dol Guldur, but was overruled by Saruman, who had begun searching for the One Ring in the area by then. In T.A. 2941 Saruman finally agreed to an attack, which occurred at the same time as the Quest of Erebor. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and Smaug could not assist each other, as otherwise they could easily have done. Sauron fled to Mordor, his plans now ready. Dol Guldur was reoccupied by three of the Nazgûl in 2951,[4] one of whom was Khamul, the second chief.[9]

During the War of the Ring, the forces of Dol Guldur made three assaults upon Lórien, causing grievous damage to the outlying woodlands, but were driven back each time by the power of Nenya which only Sauron himself could have overcome. Dol Guldur was finally destroyed and cleansed by the Elves of Lórien, led by Galadriel, after Sauron's fall.[10]

Portrayal in Adaptations

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Dol Guldur is commanded by the Mouth of Sauron, not Khamûl. Dol Guldur (or Mordor itself) sent a huge army of Orcs, Haradrim, and Trolls to assault Erebor. The attack fails, and the Mouth of Sauron is killed along with all the attacking force. Dol Guldur is then itself attacked by a combined army of Elves and Dwarves led by Elrond, Arwen, Glorfindel, Glóin, and Dáin Ironfoot. After a long and hard struggle, the Elves and Dwarves finally overrun Dol Guldur and lay waste to the evil that dwelled there, ending Sauron's war campaign in the North once and for all.
In the Evil Campaign, the Goblins from Dol Guldur eliminate the Elves and the Ents that guard the Forest Road in Mirkwood.

See Also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  3. "The sins of Middle Earth, Tolkien's use of Allegory". Chapter 6. Greenwood Press. pp. 86.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 12, p. 280
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 14, p. 280
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves", p. 259
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", p. 298
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Hunt for the Ring", note 1, p. 352
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"